Südbahn Class 23 (old)

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SB 23 (alt), 29
BBÖ 49 / JDŽ 124 / MÁV 332 / FS 193
ÖBB 153
Eisenbahn-671.JPG
GKB 671, ex BBÖ 49.03, ex SB 671
Wheel arrangement0-6-0
Axle arrangementC n2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Length over buffers14,254 mm (46 ft 9.2 in)
Wheelbase2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Overall wheelbase2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Wheelbase incl. tender9,894 mm (32 ft 5.5 in)
Service weight38.0 t (37.4 long tons; 41.9 short tons)
Adhesive weight38.0 t (37.4 long tons; 41.9 short tons)
Top speed45 km/h (28 mph)
Driving wheel diameter1,245 mm (4 ft 1.0 in)
Cylinder bore460 mm (18.11 in)
Piston stroke632 mm (24.88 in)
Boiler Overpressure6.75 bar (675 kPa; 97.9 psi)
No. of heating tubes183
Grate area1.59 m2 (17.1 sq ft)
Radiative heating area8.50 m2 (91.5 sq ft)
Evaporative heating area113.20 m2 (1,218.5 sq ft)
TenderSB 12
Water capacity8.4 m3 (1,800 imp gal; 2,200 US gal)
Fuel5.4 t (5.3 long tons; 6.0 short tons) coal

The steam locomotives of Südbahn Class 23 (old) were goods train engines worked by the Austrian Southern Railway (österreichische Südbahn).

History[edit]

The precursors to the Austrian Southern Railway had a very disparate fleet of goods locomotives. The Southern Railway therefore had a six-coupled freight locomotive developed which was based the French Bourbonnais prototype. This series was initially given the designation 23, but was reclassified to 29 in 1864. The Lokomotivfabrik der StEG engine works delivered 20 units in 1860, which proved themselves so well that a total of 205 were built up to 1872 by this factory along with the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik and Maschinenfabrik Esslingen.

Modifications[edit]

In the course of time there were naturally several modifications: in 1861 to the driver's cab, in the 1880s a vacuum brake with sound absorbers, new boilers, etc...

Dispersal[edit]

After nationalisation in 1924 the Federal Railway of Austria (BBÖ) took over 47 units, that were grouped into BBÖ Class 49. After the Second World War a few engines, classified by the Deutsche Reichsbahn as DRG 53.7111–7116, remained in Austria. Of these, the ÖBB only took over number 153.7114 but withdrew her in 1953.

Yugoslavia[edit]

Yugoslavia designated the locomotives that it received as JŽ 124.[1]

Hungary[edit]

In Hungary they became MÁV 332.

Italy[edit]

In Italy they became FS 193.

Locomotives in FS Class 193
FS number New SB number Builder Date built Date scrapped
193.001 29.799 StEg 1867 1928
193.002 29.800 StEg 1867 ?
193.003 29.801 StEg 1867 ?
193.004 29.802 StEg 1867 ?
193.005 29.803 StEg 1867 ?
193.006 29.804 StEg 1867 ?
193.007 29.806 Sigl 1867 ?
193.008 29.811 Sigl 1867 ?
193.009 29.812 Sigl 1867 ?
193.010 29.813 Sigl 1867 ?
193.011 29.784 StEg 1866 ?
193.012 29.785 StEg 1866 ?
193.013 29.786 StEg 1866 ?
193.014 29.787 StEg 1866 ?
193.015 29.805 Sigl 1867 1928
193.016 29.788 StEg 1866 1928
193.017 29.789 StEg 1866 ?
193.018 29.790 StEg 1866 ?
193.019 29.791 StEg 1866 1928
193.020 29.792 StEg 1866 ?
193.021 29.793 StEg 1866 ?
193.022 29.794 StEg 1866 ?
193.023 29.795 StEg 1866 1928
193.024 29.796 StEg 1866 1928
193.025 29.797 StEg 1866 1928
193.026 29.798 StEg 1866 1928

Preservation[edit]

During the 1920s the BBÖ sold several engines to the GKB. One of them, number GKB 671, is still working today, albeit with some small modifications such as compressed-air brakes thanks to the work of the Steirischen Eisenbahnfreunde (Styrian Railway Society). Built in 1860, the Austrian-made Südbahn Class 23 (old) locomotive on the Graz-Köflach railway (GKB), is the longest serving steam engine in the world. It is frequently on duty and is used to haul steam specials.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JŽ lokomotiva serije 124", www.miniaturna-zeleznica.com (in Slovenian)

Literature[edit]

  • Dietrich, Herbert (1994). Die Südbahn und ihre Vorläufer. Wien: Bohmann Verlag. ISBN 3-7002-0871-5.
  • Schmeiser, Bernhard (1992). Lokomotiven von Haswell, StEG und Mödling 1840–1929. Wien: Nachdruck: Verlag Slezak. ISBN 3-85416-159-X.
  • Schröpfer, Heribert (1989). Triebfahrzeuge österreichischer Eisenbahnen - Dampflokomotiven BBÖ und ÖBB. Düsseldorf: alba. ISBN 3-87094-110-3.
  • Griebl; Slezak; Sternhart (1985). BBÖ Lokomotiv-Chronik 1923–1938. Verlag Slezak. ISBN 3-85416-026-7.
  • Stocklausner, Johann (1979). Dampfbetrieb in Alt-Österreich. Wien: Verlag Slezak. ISBN 3-900134-41-3.
  • Tezak, Sepp (September 2003). "Wiederinbetriebnahme 671". Der Fahrtwind. Graz: Steirische Eisenbahnfreunde/Club U44 (50): 3–7.
  • Zoubek, Dieter (2004). Erhaltene Dampflokomotiven in und aus Österreich. Eigenverlag. ISBN 3-200-00174-7.