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An open-faced s'more made with graham cracker, marshmallow, and chocolate
Main ingredientsGraham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows

A s'more is a campfire treat popular in the United States, Mexico, and Canada, consisting of a marshmallow and a layer of chocolate placed between two pieces of graham cracker or cookie.

Etymology and origins[edit]

S'more is a contraction of the phrase "some more". One early published recipe for a s'more is found in a book of recipes published by the Campfire Marshmallows company in the 1920s,[1][2] where it was called a "Graham Cracker Sandwich". The text indicates that the treat was already popular with both Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. In 1927, a recipe for "Some More" was published in Tramping and Trailing with the Girl Scouts.[3][4]

The contracted term "s'mores" appears in conjunction with the recipe in a 1938 publication aimed at summer camps.[2] A 1956 recipe uses the name "S'Mores", and lists the ingredients as "a sandwich of two graham crackers, toasted marshmallow and ​12 chocolate bar". A 1957 Betty Crocker cookbook contains a similar recipe under the name of "s'mores".[5]

The 1958 publication Intramural and Recreational Sports for High School and College makes reference to "marshmallow toasts" and "s'mores hikes"[6] as does its related predecessor, the "Intramural and Recreational Sports for Men and Women" published in 1949.[7]


S'mores are traditionally cooked using a campfire, though they can also be made at home in an oven, in a microwave or with a s'mores-making kit. A marshmallow, usually held by a metal or wooden skewer, is heated over the fire until it is golden brown. Traditionally, the marshmallow is gooey but not burnt, but, depending on individual preference and cooking time, marshmallows can range from barely warm to charred. The roasted marshmallow is then added on top of half of a graham cracker and a piece of chocolate. The second half of the cracker is then added on top.[8]


Various confections containing graham cracker, chocolate, and marshmallow are often sold as some derivative of a s'mores, but they are not necessarily heated or served in the same shape as the traditional s'mores. The Hershey's S'mores bar is one example. Pop-Tarts also feature a s'mores variety. S'mores can be eaten during Passover if made with Kosher for Passover marshmallows, chocolate and matzo.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Williams, Gladys (1920s). A Book of 150 Recipes Prepared with Campfire Marshmallows. Cambridge, Mass.: The Campfire Company. p. 21. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b Gibson, William Henry (1938). Recreational Programs for Summer Camps. Greenberg. p. 17.
  3. ^ Tramping and Trailing with the Girl Scouts. Girl Scouts. 1927. p. 71.
  4. ^ (9 September 1925). Patrol Leaders Have Outing, Norwalk Hour (1925 mention of "Some-mores" being introduced as a new dish at Camp Andree)
  5. ^ Crocker, Betty (1957). Betty Crocker's Cook Book for Boys and Girls. New York: Golden Press. p. 72.
  6. ^ Norma Leavitt, Hartley D. Price, Intramural and recreational sports for high school and college, p. 151, Ronald Press Co., 1958
  7. ^ Norma Leavitt, Hartley D. Price, Intramural and Recreational Sports for Men and Women, p. 150, A.S. Barnes, 1949.
  8. ^ "Smores Recipe - How To Make Smores".
  9. ^ "Passover S'Mores Recipe". SeriousEats.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.