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S-300VM Antey 2500
NATO reporting name: SA-23 Gladiator\Giant
9A83ME TEL - Antey-2500 SAM 02.jpg
Antey-2500 SAM at MAKS-2011
Type Transportable SAM system
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 2013
Used by See Operators
Production history
Designer Almaz-Antey
Designed 2000s
Manufacturer Almaz-Antey
Unit cost US$120 million (1999)[1]
Produced 2013
Variants See Variants

200 (250) km[2] against MRBMs

The S-300VM "Antey-2500" (NATO reporting name SA-23 Gladiator\Giant) is a Russian anti-ballistic missile system. The system is designed to defeat short- and medium-range ballistic missile, aeroballistic, and cruise missiles, fixed-wing aircraft, as well as loitering ECM platforms and precision-guided munitions.


Type Surface-to-air missile
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 2013
Used by See Operators
Production history
Designer Almaz-Antey
Designed 2000s
Manufacturer Almaz-Antey
Produced 2013
Variants 9M82M, 9M83M
Specifications (9M82M[3])

200 kilometres (120 mi)
Flight altitude 30,000 metres (98,000 ft)

The 9M82M missile is intended to defeat tactical, theater and medium range ballistic missiles, as well as aerodynamic targets at a range of up to 200 km. The Antey-2500 system is mounted on a tracked cross-country vehicle equipped with self-contained power supply and navigation systems, as well as surveying and positioning equipment.

System characteristics[edit]

The Antey-2500 air defense missile system features:

  • High degree of battle performance automation owing to high-speed digital computers
  • Passive electronically scanned array radars with advanced data processing methods
  • High ECM immunity
  • High mobility and autonomous operation
  • High firepower potential, irrespective of air attack tactics or sequence
  • Vertical launch from a special transport launch canister
  • Maintenance-free operation of missiles for at least ten years
  • Capability to defeat ballistic missile individual warheads
  • Inertial guidance with radio command mid-course update and semi-active radar homing at the terminal phase
  • Focused detonation of the missile warhead

The Antey-2500 system comprises:

  • Command post
  • Circular and sector scan radars
  • Multichannel missile guidance station (MMGS) have 24 channels for illumination of 24 targets
  • 9A82M launcher (typical amount 8) includes radar of illumination and targeting as well as *brains* of the radar[4]
  • 9A83M launcher (typical amount 12) includes radar of illumination and targeting as well as *brains* of the radar[5]
  • 9A84M loader-launcher (technically no more than 24)
  • 9M82M and 9M83M air defense missiles
  • Maintenance, repair, and transport vehicles
  • Group SPTA set
  • Electronic trainer for MMGS operators
  • Set of missile handling equipment

Technical ability to use 1-2 additional battalions.

One system configuration - external command post, CP of the S-300V and every radars of S-300V and the outside radars, other external elements. This is the central core, for it served a few battalions of S-300V system. All battalions at full strength of S-300V system (CP of the S-300V and every radars of the S-300V, and a few launchers with radars, and a few launchers without radars).[6]

S-300 system family tree[edit]

S-300 Family
Antey 2500
Russian Version
Export Version


  • S-300V: entered service in 1983; 100 km range
  • S-300VM: 200 km range[7]
  • S-300VMD: 300 km range
  • S-300V4: in service since 2014; 400[8][9] km range


Map with S-300VM operators in blue

Current operators[edit]

  •  Egypt : The S-300VM "Antey-2500" missile system was ordered in 2014, as part of a multi-billion Egyptian-Russian arms deal signed later that year.[10][11] The $1 billion contract comprises one regiment which includes 3 divisions, a command post and other external elements.[12][13] In 2015, Russia started delivering the system components and the Egyptian soldiers began their training to operate the system in Russian training centers.[14] Before the end of 2016, all system components were delivered to Egypt.[15][16] Russia is in talks with Egypt on the delivery of additional Antey-2500 systems.[17]
  •  Iran: Russia is offering Iran the S-300VM instead of the S-300PMU1 to avoid a lawsuit over the cancellation of the latter.[18][19] Recently in 2015/16 both S300PMU and S300VM[dubious ] are sold to Iran.[citation needed]
  •  Russia : ordered more than three S-300V4 divisions by 2015[20]
    • 77th Airdefence Brigade (Korenovsk) and 988th Airdefence Regiment (Gyumri) in the Southern Military District[21][22]
    • 202nd Airdefence Brigade (Naro Fominsk) and 1545th Airdefence Regiment (Znamensk) in the Western Military District
    • 1724th Airdefence Regiment (Birobidzhan & Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk) in the Eastern Military District
    • 28th Airdefence Brigade (Mirnij / Kirovsk Region) in the Central Military District
    • Modernization of all S-300V to the version S-300V4 was to end in 2012.[23]
  •  Venezuela: 2 S-300VM in 1 air defense battalion at Base Aérea Militar Capitán Manuel Ríos[24]

Potential operators[edit]

  •  Algeria: In November 2015 Algeria was negotiating the purchase of several battalions of this system.[25]


Operational deployment[edit]

In early October 2016, a battery of Russian S-300V4 air defense missile launchers were deployed to Syria,[29][30] at the Russian naval base in Tartus.[31]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.deagel.com/Air-Defense-Systems/S-300VM_a000372005.aspx/
  2. ^ http://www.almaz-antey.ru/en/catalogue/millitary_catalogue/
  3. ^ "S-300V/Antey 2500 (SA-12 'Gladiator/Giant')". Jane's Information Group. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-21. [dead link]
  4. ^ http://pvo.guns.ru/s300v/s300v_5.htm
  5. ^ http://pvo.guns.ru/s300v/s300v_5.htm
  6. ^ http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/c300v/c300v.shtml
  7. ^ S-300VM Antey-2500 SA-23 Gladiator Giant air defense missile system
  8. ^ http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20150110/1041996381.html
  9. ^ http://tass.com/defense/893892
  10. ^ defensenews http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/2015/11/24/egypt-russia-negotiating-missile-sale/76330914/. Retrieved 24 November 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ ""Рособоронэкспорт" поставит в Египет зенитные системы С-300ВМ". Рамблер-Новости. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "ТАСС: Армия и ОПК – Источник: Россия поставит Египту полк систем ПВО "Антей-2500" до конца 2016 года". ТАСС. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Export of Russian military equipment breaks records". kommersant. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "According sources, Russia would start deliveries of Antey-2500 missile systems to Egypt". 6 March 2015. 
  15. ^ defenceweb.co. "Russia begins delivering S-300VM missiles to Egypt". defenceweb.co. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Vladimir Putin is preparing to hold a meeting on military-technical cooperation" (in Russian). 
  17. ^ "Russia in talks with Turkey and Egypt for the sale of the S-400". newsru.com. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Russia Offers Iran New Replacement for S-300 – Paper". RIANOVOSTI. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  19. ^ "Lenta.ru: Оружие: Вооружение: Россия назвала условия поставки комплексов С-300 Ирану". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Administrator. "Минобороны РФ подписало трехлетний контракт на поставку ЗРС С-300В4 - Военный Обозреватель". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  21. ^ http://itar-tass.com/armiya-i-opk/1660936
  22. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2014/1223/102027179/detail.shtml
  23. ^ http://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/modernizaciya-do-urovnya-zrs-s-300v4-pvo-suhoputnyh-voysk-polnost-yu-zavershitsya-v-2012-godu-28-03-2012-14-58-00/
  24. ^ Денис Тельманов. "Венесуэла получила российский комплекс ПВО С-300ВМ". Известия. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  25. ^ http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2831626
  26. ^ http://in.rbth.com/news/2015/05/06/turkey_shows_interest_in_russian_air_defense_systems_russias_arms_export_42987.html
  27. ^ http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/nato-beware-turkey-may-buy-russias-s-300-air-defense-system-12822
  28. ^ "::". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  29. ^ US: Russia ships new anti-missile system into Syria
  30. ^ Russia Deploys Advanced S-300V4 Anti-Ballistic Missile System in Syria, Amid Rising Tensions between Washington and Moscow
  31. ^ Истерика США от размещения С-300ВМ в Сирии имеет исчерпывающее объяснение
  • Russia's Arms Catalog 2004

External links[edit]