S-350 missile system

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S-350 Vityaz
Air Defence System "Vityaz" (english "Knight").JPG
50P6 missile launcher of the S-350 system at the 2013 MAKS Airshow
Typemedium-range SAM system
Place of originRussia
Service history
In serviceSince 2019[1]
Used byRussia, Algeria
WarsSyrian civil war
Production history
DesignerAlmaz-Antey:
GSKB Almaz-Antey (lead designer)
MKB Fakel (missile designer)
Agency for Defense Development
ManufacturerNorthwest Regional Center of Almaz-Antey (GOZ, ZRTO)
Produced2020

The S-350 Vityaz (Russian: C-350 Витязь) is a Russian medium-range surface-to-air missile system developed by GSKB Almaz-Antey. Its purpose is to replace the S-300PS.[2] The system design traces its roots from the joint South Korean/Russian KM-SAM project and uses the same 9M96 missile as the S-400 missile system.

Development[edit]

The first studies that would eventually become the S-350 started in 1999. Development began in earnest only in 2007. Almaz-Antey was able to leverage the experience gained while working on the joint development of the KM-SAM with South Korea. Around 2011, development slowed down, probably due to failed missile tests. The S-350 was unveiled in 2013, and presented at that year's MAKS airshow. Initial plans called for the system's test phase to end in the autumn of 2013, and for the delivery of around 30 systems by 2020. However, the first deliveries of the S-350 only took place in 2019,[2] and it only entered service in February 2020.[3]

Design[edit]

The S-350 Vityaz air defense system consists of several vehicles:

  • 1–2 50N6A multifunctional passively electronically scanned array radar stations.[4] 360° coverage for early detection, target illumination and missile guidance.[5]
  • 1 50K6A command post, fully autonomous combat work with interaction with other remote systems.[6]
  • 4–8 50P6 launchers[2] (12–96 missiles).
    • 9M96/9M96E(E2) guided missiles; passive guidance and other missiles with active homing guidance.[6] 12–120 km (7.5–74.6 mi) range, aerodynamic control surfaces and thrust vectoring.
    • 9M100 guided missiles; 10–15 km (6.2–9.3 mi) range; infrared passive homing; aerodynamic control surfaces and thrust vectoring; maximum maneuver 60 G-20 surfaces. 9M100 can be quad packed in the naval version Resurs[7] The Naval version of S-350 was renamed from Poliment-Redut to Resurs[8]

Basic performance characteristics of the S-350:[9][10]

  • Maximum number of simultaneously engaged targets:
    • Aerodynamic – 16
    • Ballistic – 12
  • Maximum number of simultaneously induced missiles – 32
  • Affected area for aerodynamic targets:
    • Range – 1.5–120 km (0.93–74.56 mi)
    • Height – 10 m-30 km (98,000 ft)
  • Affected area of ballistic targets:
    • Range – 1.5–30 km (0.93–18.64 mi)
    • Height – 2–25 km (6,600–82,000 ft)
  • Deployment time – 5 minutes

All vehicles are based on a Bryansky Avtomobilny Zavod chassis (BAZ-6909 & BAZ-69092). The naval version with 9M96E guided missile which passed state tests in 2018 is the Redut.[11][12]

The export variant of the Redut was named Resurs (Resource).

Missiles[edit]

[13][2] 9M96E2 9M96E 9M100
Minimum range 1 km 1 km _
Maximum range 120 km 40 km 10–15 km
Minimum altitude 5 m 5 m _
Maximum altitude 30 km (98,000 ft) 20 km (66,000 ft) 8 km (26,000 ft)
Speed 1800 m/s _ 1000 m/s
Weight 420 kg (930 lb) 333 kg (734 lb) 140 kg (310 lb)
Length 5.65 m (18.5 ft) 4.75 m (15.6 ft) 2.5 m (8.2 ft)
Diameter 240 mm (9.4 in) 240 mm (9.4 in) 125 mm (4.9 in)
Warhead weight 24 kg (53 lb) 24 kg (53 lb) 14.5 kg (32 lb)

Deployment[edit]

In September 2017, it was reported that the missile system was deployed in the town of Masyaf in Hama province, Syria, delivered from Russia via the Tartus port.[14]

The first launches, made on March 26, 2019, were positive and the air defense missile system successfully passed state tests.[15]

In late December 2019, at Kapustin Yar, the S-350E was officially handed over to the Russian Ministry of Defence. The handover involved tracking of aerodynamic targets.[16]

In February 2020, the S-350 Vityaz was officially commissioned into the service of the old Russian Aerospace Defence Forces now merged in to the new Russian Aerospace Forces as the new missile system had been delivered to Zhukov Air and Space Defense Academy to train crews for the equipment.[17]

The Almaz-Antey Group and the Defense Ministry of Russia signed contracts for the delivery of four sets of S-350 ‘Vityaz’ and three regiments of S-400 ‘Triumf’ in June 2020.[18] Deliveries started in 2021.[19][20]

Ship class that use the Redut Naval Air Defense System[edit]

Operators[edit]

 Russia

 Algeria[26][better source needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "S-350E S-350 Vityaz 50R6 air defense missile system data". armyrecognition.com. 2020-07-27. Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  2. ^ a b c d "[Actu] Le S-350 "Vityaz" pour 2019". Red Samovar. 1 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Russia's New S-350 Air Defense System Appears At Base Near Ukraine Border". The Drive. 15 August 2022.
  4. ^ "New Medium SAM Displayed At Moscow Air Show | Aviation Week Network". aviationweek.com.
  5. ^ "Национальная оборона / Оборонно-промышленный комплекс / В интересах ВКО России". www.oborona.ru.
  6. ^ a b "ЗЕНИТНАЯ РАКЕТНАЯ СИСТЕМА (ЗРС) С-350Е "ВИТЯЗЬ". ANTIAIRCRAFT MISSILE SYSTEM (AAMS) S-350Е "VITYAZ"". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Зенитный ракетный комплекс ПВО средней дальности С-350 50Р6А "Витязь" - ВПК.name". vpk.name.
  8. ^ "The "Redut" shipborne air defense complex now is the "Resurs"". 23 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Перспективный ЗРК 50Р6 "ВИТЯЗЬ" системы С-350 – Армейский вестник".
  10. ^ Ведомости (22 January 2014). "Производство зенитных комплексов С-350 "Витязь" начнется в следующем году". www.vedomosti.ru.
  11. ^ Russia’s Poliment-Redut Naval Air Defense System to Receive S-350 Compatible Missiles – Navyrecognition.com, 26 April 2017
  12. ^ "Russia wraps up state trials of advanced shipborne air defense missile system". TASS.
  13. ^ S-300 Surface-To-Air Missile System PROGRAM DOSSIER Archived 2019-08-08 at the Wayback Machine – Aviationweek.com, 6 August 2015
  14. ^ Advanced Russia-Made Air-Defense System Deployed in Central Syria Archived 2019-06-30 at the Wayback Machine Fars News Agency, 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ Ripley, Tim (16 April 2019). "S-350 SAM production begins in Russia". London: IHS Jane's. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Первую ЗРС С-350 "Витязь" передали Минобороны" (in Russian). TASS. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  17. ^ a b "The Aerospace Forces received the latest anti-aircraft missile system S-350 "Vityaz"" (Press release). Russian Ministry of Defence. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Defense contractor to deliver 3 regiments of S-400 systems to Russian troops by 2023".
  19. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Первый зенитный ракетный комплекс С-350 "Витязь" поступил на вооружение ЮВО". armstrade.org.
  20. ^ "Russian Army receives S-400, S-350 anti-aircraft missile systems — top brass".
  21. ^ "Project 20380 Steregushchy Class Corvettes – Naval Technology".
  22. ^ "Gremyashchiy (Project 20385)". www.militaryfactory.com.
  23. ^ "Russian Navy Hopes to get Three Project 20386 Corvette / LCS by 2025". Navy Recognition.
  24. ^ "Admiral Gorshkov Frigate Qualifies Poliment-Redut SAM Against Air & Surface Targets".
  25. ^ "Janes | Latest defence and security news".
  26. ^ "Le S-350 Vityaz visible en Algérie". 21 July 2022.

External links[edit]