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SSC Napoli

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Full nameSocietà Sportiva Calcio Napoli S.p.A.
Nickname(s)Gli Azzurri (The Blues)
I Partenopei (The Parthenopeans)
I Ciucciarelli (The Little Donkeys)
Short nameSSC Napoli
Founded25 August 1926; 97 years ago (25 August 1926), as Associazione Calcio Napoli
6 September 2004; 19 years ago (6 September 2004), as Napoli Soccer
GroundStadio Diego Armando Maradona
OwnerAurelio De Laurentiis
PresidentAurelio De Laurentiis
ManagerAntonio Conte
LeagueSerie A
2023–24Serie A, 10th of 20
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli (pronounced [ˈnaːpoli]) is an Italian professional football club based in the city of Naples that plays in Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. In its history, Napoli has won three Serie A titles, six Coppa Italia titles, two Supercoppa Italiana titles, and one UEFA Cup.[1]

The club was formed in 1926 as Associazione Calcio Napoli following the merger of US Internazionale Napoli and Naples Foot-Ball Club. Napoli saw relatively little success in its early years, winning their first major trophy in the 1962 Coppa Italia. Napoli then saw increased success in the late 1970s (including their second Coppa Italia in 1976) and especially in the 1980s, after the club acquired Diego Maradona in 1984. During his time in Naples, Maradona helped the team win several trophies, which led to the club retiring his number 10 jersey. During this period, Napoli won two league titles (in 1987 and 1990), the 1987 Coppa Italia, the 1990 Supercoppa Italiana, and their only European trophy with the 1989 UEFA Cup. Following his departure, however, Napoli struggled financially, and endured several relegations and a bankruptcy, prior to being re-founded in 2004 by film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis. Under his leadership, the club has stabilized, which has led to renewed on-field success, winning 2005–06 Serie C1, the 2012, 2014, and 2020 Coppa Italia titles, and the 2014 Supercoppa Italiana, eventually culminating in their third league title in 2023, the first since Maradona's departure.

By attendance, Napoli have the fourth-largest fan base in Italy,[2] and were ranked as the fifth highest-earning football club in Serie A, with $182 million in revenue during the 2017–18 season.[3] In 2018, Forbes estimated the club is the fifth most valuable club in Italy, worth $379 million. Napoli are also one of the associate members of the European Club Association.

Since 1959, the club has played their home games at the Stadio San Paolo, which was renamed Stadio Diego Armando Maradona after the Argentine striker's death in 2020. Napoli traditionally wear sky blue shirts, white shorts, and sky blue socks at home and white shirts, white or sky blue shorts, and white or sky blue socks away; this is derived from the shirts of Naples FBC and the shorts of Internazionale Napoli after the clubs merged to form Napoli's predecessor Internaples in 1922. Napoli have rivalries with Juventus, Roma, Inter Milan and AC Milan. The club's anthem is "'O surdato 'nnammurato", one of the most famous songs in the Neapolitan language.[4]



Team of "Naples F.C.", predecessor of current club, in 1906

Although the club was officially founded in 1926, Napoli traces its roots to the first relevant Neapolitan club, founded as "Naples Foot-Ball & Croquet Club" in 1905 by English sailor William Poths and his associate Hector M. Bayon.[5][6] Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved; Salsi was named the club's first president.[7] The original kit of the club was a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts.[8] Naples' first match was a 3–2 win against the English crew of the boat Arabik with goals from William MacPherson, Michele Scafoglio and Léon Chaudoir.[9]

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just northern clubs, so southern clubs competed against sailors[5] or in cups such as Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples FBC and Palermo FBC Naples won three finals.[10] The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1911 to form Internazionale Napoli, who wore blue shirts with white shorts,[5] in time for both club's debut in the Italian Championship of 1912–13.[11] Each of the teams won a Prima Categoria southern Italian titles and therefore competed in the national semi-finals, Naples doing so in 1912–13 and Internazionale Napoli in 1913–14.[citation needed] They were set to face each other for the southern titles again in 1914–15 but it was cancelled due to World War I.[citation needed]

Due to financial pressure, the two rival clubs merged as the "Foot-Ball Club Internazionale-Naples", abbreviated as "FBC Internaples" on 2 October 1922.[12] Internaples', and later Napoli's kits are derived from those of Naples FBC and Internazionale Napoli; adopting the sky blue from Naples' shirts and the white shorts from Internazionale Napoli.[citation needed]

FBC Internaples[edit]

The merged club was seen by some media and fans to be a continuation of Internazionale Napoli rather than a new club; it played its games at Internazionale Napoli's Terme di Agnano rather than Naples FBC's Campo del Poligono and kept Internazionale Napoli's nickname of Gli Azzurri (The Blues) rather than I Blucelesti (The Navy Blue and Sky Blues) used by Naples.[13] Internaples were also given the nickname I Puledri (the foals), as the horse is a symbol of Naples.[14]

Internaples were immediately enrolled in the top-flight Prima Divisione Lega Sud championship, as both Internazionale Napoli and Naples competed in that division pre-merger. Since the end of World War I both clubs had lost dominance of the region to the likes of Puteolana and Savoia. Even with the combined strength of Internaples, Savoia still proved to be the top team in southern Italy. Internaples reached the interregional semi-finals of Lega Sud in each of its first two seasons, and reached the Lega Sud finals in 1925–26. This secured the club a spot in the new Divisione Nazionale for the following season.[15]

The birth of Associazione Calcio Napoli[edit]

Attila Sallustro in the middle with Napoli teammates in 1927

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, and likely under pressure from the new fascist government to "Italianize" the club name,[15] Internaples changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 25 August 1926.[16] The newly renamed team also moved from the Terme di Agnano to a new stadium, the Stadio Militare dell'Arenaccia. After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship,[17] Napoli was re-admitted to Serie A's forerunner, the Divisione Nazionale, by the Italian Football Federation ("FIGC"), and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayan-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans.[18] He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which was later surpassed by players like Diego Maradona and Marek Hamšík.[19]

Napoli moved to the new Stadio San Paolo in 1959, where they have played since.

Napoli entered the Serie A era under the management of William Garbutt.[20] During Garbutt's six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table.[17] This included two third-place finishes during the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons,[21] with added notables such as Antonio Vojak, Arnaldo Sentimenti and Carlo Buscaglia.[22] However, in the years leading up to World War II, Napoli went into decline, only surviving relegation in 1939–40 by goal average.[21]

Napoli lost a closely contested relegation battle at the end of 1942 and were relegated to Serie B.[citation needed] They moved from the Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli to the Stadio Arturo Collana and remained in Serie B until after the war.[citation needed]

Post-war era and first trophies[edit]

Play restarted in 1945 with two divisions: one consisting of Serie A teams from the north and one combined division of Serie A and Serie B teams from the central and south, with the top four of each division advancing to the national round that followed. Napoli won the Centro-Sud Serie A-B to secure a place in the Divisione Nazionale (where they placed fifth) and automatic promotion to the next season's Serie A.[21] They were relegated after two seasons for a bribery scandal.[23] The club won the Serie B titles that season to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s.[24] Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolo in 1959.[citation needed]

Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including multiple relegations and promotions, Napoli won their first major trophy when they beat SPAL to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Gianni Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon.[25] The victory made Napoli the first team to win the Coppa while in Serie B, and they were promoted to Serie A that season. Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season.[1]

Name change[edit]

As the club changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli on 25 June 1964[1] they began to rise up again, gaining promotion in 1964–65. Under the management of former player Bruno Pesaola, they won the Coppa delle Alpi[1] and were back among the elite in Serie A, with consistent top-five finishes.[21] Napoli came very close to winning the league in 1967–68, finishing just behind Milan in second place.[21] Some of the most popular players from this period were Dino Zoff, José Altafini, Omar Sívori and hometown midfielder Antonio Juliano. Juliano would eventually break the appearance records, which still stands today.[22]

League stability and second Coppa Italia[edit]

Napoli at the start of the 1970s with Dino Zoff, José Altafini, and others

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–71 and 1973–74.[21] Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Cup competitions. In 1974–75, they reached the third round knocking out Porto 2–0 en route. During the same season, Napoli finished second in Serie A, just two points behind champions Juventus.[21] Solid performances from locally born players such as Giuseppe Bruscolotti, Antonio Juliano and Salvatore Esposito were relied upon during this period, coupled with goals from Giuseppe Savoldi.[22]

The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76, eliminating Milan and Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Hellas Verona 4–0 in the finals. That season, they also defeated Southampton 4–1 on aggregate to lift the 1976 Anglo-Italian League Cup.[26] Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77, where they reached the semi-finals, losing 2–1 on aggregate to Anderlecht.[27] In the Italian league, Napoli were still very much a consistent top six side for much of the late 1970s.[21] Even into the earliest two seasons of the 1980s, the club were performing respectably with a third-place finish in 1980–81. Napoli's Primavera squad was also doing well at the time, winning the Torneo di Viareggio Cup in 1975 and their only Campionato Nazionale Primavera title in 1979.[28] However, by 1983, they had slipped dramatically and were involved in relegation battles.[21]

Napoli on the rise: Maradona era[edit]

Napoli broke the world transfer record fee after acquiring Diego Maradona in a €12 million deal from Barcelona on 30 June 1984.[29] The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks.[22] The rise up the tables was gradual, by 1985–86, they had a third-place finish under their belts, but better was yet to come. With the attacking trio of Maradona, Bruno Giordano, and Careca (nicknamed MaGiCa), the 1986–87 season was the landmark in Napoli's history, becoming just the third Italian team to win the double after securing the Serie A title by three points and then beating Atalanta 4–0 to lift the Coppa Italia.[1]

Napoli supporters celebrating the team's first scudetto in May 1987

Because a mainland Southern Italian team had never won the league before, this turned Maradona into a cultural, social and borderline religious icon for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football.[30]

Diego Maradona celebrating with the UEFA Cup trophy after beating VfB Stuttgart, May 1989

The club were unsuccessful in the European Cup in the following season and finished runners-up in Serie A. However, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup for 1988–89 and won their first major European titles.[1] Juventus, Bayern Munich and PAOK were defeated en route to the final, where Napoli beat VfB Stuttgart 5–4 on aggregate, with two goals from Careca and one each from Maradona, Ferrara and Alemão.[31]

Napoli added their second Serie A titles in 1989–90, defeating Milan by two points in the titles race.[1] However, this was surrounded by less auspicious circumstances as Napoli were awarded two points for a game, when in Bergamo, an Atalanta fan threw a 100 lira coin at Alemão's head.[21]

A controversial set of events set off at the 1990 World Cup, when Maradona made comments pertaining to North–South inequality in the country and the risorgimento, asking Neapolitans to root for Argentina in the semi-finals against Italy in Naples.[32]

I don't like the fact that now everybody is asking Neapolitans to be Italian and to support their national team. Naples has always been marginalised by the rest of Italy. It is a city that suffers the most unfair racism.

— Diego Maradona, July 1990

The Stadio San Paolo was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine national anthem was not jeered,[33] Maradona bowed to the Napoli fans at the end and his country went on to reach the finals. However, after the finals, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) forced Maradona to take a doping test, which he failed testing positive for cocaine; both Maradona and Napoli staff later claimed it was a revenge plot for events at the World Cup.[30] Maradona was banned for 15 months and would never play for the club again.[30] The club still won the Supercoppa Italiana that year, with a record 5–1 victory against Juventus, but it would be their last major trophy for 22 years. In the European Cup, they were eliminated in the second round.[34]


Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 season,[21] Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca, Ciro Ferrara and Careca had all departed by 1994. Nonetheless, Napoli qualified for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97, Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia finals, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza; Napoli's primavera squad won the Coppa Italia Primavera that season.[35][36] Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 when they won only two matches all season.[21]

The club returned to Serie A after gaining promotion in the 1999–2000 season, though after a closely contested relegation battle, they were relegated immediately back down the following season.[21] By August 2004, Napoli was declared bankrupt.[37] To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis re-founded the club under the name Napoli Soccer, as they were not allowed to use their old name until the next season.[38] FIGC placed Napoli in Serie C1, where they missed out on promotion after losing 2–1 in play-offs to local rivals Avellino in 2004–05.[1]

Despite the fact Napoli were playing in a low division, they retained higher average attendances than most of the Serie A clubs, breaking the Serie C attendance record with 51,000 at one match.[39]


The following season, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis brought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006.[1] After just one season in Serie B, they were promoted to the top division, along with fellow "sleeping giants" Genoa.[40] In 2010, under manager Walter Mazzarri, Napoli finished in sixth place to qualify for a 2010–11 UEFA Europa League spot.[41] Napoli finished third in the 2010–11 season, qualifying directly for the group stage of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League.[42]

In the 2011–12 season, Napoli ended in fifth place in Serie A, but defeated unbeaten champions Juventus at the Stadio Olimpico to win the Coppa Italia for the fourth time in the club's history, 25 years after their last cup win. The team finished second in its group of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League, progressing to the round of 16, where they were eliminated by eventual winners Chelsea. In 2012–13, Napoli finished in second place in Serie A, the club's best performance since winning the 1989–90 Scudetto. Edinson Cavani finished as top scorer in the division with 29 goals, which resulted in him being sold to Paris Saint-Germain for a club-record fee of €64 million.[43]

Napoli celebrating their 2014 Supercoppa Italiana win

In the 2013 close-season, Mazzarri left Napoli and Rafael Benítez became the club's manager.[44] They finished the 2013–14 season by winning the 2014 Coppa Italia finals, their fifth title in the tournament, with a 3–1 win against Fiorentina,[45] as well as qualifying for the Champions League, but missed out on the group stage as they lost to Athletic Bilbao in the play-off round.[citation needed] Their subsequent run in the Europa League ended when they lost 2–1 on aggregate to FC Dnipro in the semi-finals.[citation needed] They finished the 2014–15 season in fifth, with Benítez then leaving for Real Madrid and being replaced by Maurizio Sarri.[citation needed]

In Sarri's first season in charge in the 2015–16 season, Napoli finished in 2nd place on 82 points and were knocked out of the Europa League in the round of 32 against Villarreal.[citation needed] In the following season, Napoli finished in 3rd place on 86 points and were knocked out of the Champions League in the round of 16 against Real Madrid.[citation needed] This year saw the breakout season for Dries Mertens who scored 34 goals in all competitions after he was moved from the left-wing to centre-forward following Milik's torn Anterior cruciate ligament.[citation needed]

In the 2017–18 season, Napoli challenged for the titles for the entire season, and finished with a club record of 91 points. However, the titles ultimately went to Juventus in the penultimate round of matches.[46] On 23 December 2017, Marek Hamšík overtook Diego Maradona as Napoli's all-time leading scorer after scoring his 115th goal.[47] At the end of the season, Sarri left for Chelsea, succeeded by Carlo Ancelotti in May 2018.[48][49] He managed the club to another second-place finish, but was sacked on 10 December 2019, following a poor run of results in the 2019–20 season which left them seventh in the table. Gennaro Gattuso was named head coach the next day.[50] On 14 June 2020, Dries Mertens became Napoli's all-time top scorer after scoring his 122nd goal in a Coppa Italia semi-finals match against Inter.[51] Napoli went on to win the 2019–20 Coppa Italia in a penalty shoot-out against Juventus in the finals.[52]

In December 2020, Napoli renamed San Paolo after Diego Maradona, after the passing away of their beloved[tone] club icon.[53] Napoli finished fifth in Serie A that season after a draw on the finals day, missing a Champions League berth by one point.[citation needed]

In the 2021–22 season, Luciano Spalletti replaced Gennaro Gattuso as head coach and led the team to the third place in Serie A, securing a Champions League spot for the azzurri after a two-years absence.[54]

In the 2022–23 season, Napoli clinched the Serie A titles for the first time since the 1989–90 season, and their third title overall, following a 1–1 draw against Udinese on 4 May 2023, their first time as titleholders since the days of Diego Maradona.[55][56] Meanwhile, in the Champions League, Spalletti led them to the quarter-finals for the first time in their European history, where they were beaten 2–1 (1–0 away and 1–1 at home) by fellow Serie A side Milan.[57]

Club staff[edit]

Position Staff
Manager Italy Antonio Conte
Assistant Manager Italy Gianluca Segarelli
Goalkeeping Coach Spain Alejandro Rosalen
Technical Coach Italy Gianluca Grava
Italy Simone Bonomi
Athletic Trainer Italy Francesco Sinatti
Match Analyst Italy Simone Beccaccioli
First-Team Doctor Italy Beniamino Casillo
Italy Raffaele Canonico
Masseur Italy Marco Di Lullo
Physiotherapist Italy Fabio Sannino
Medical Director Physiotherapy Italy Marco Romano
Sporting Director Italy Mauro Meluso
Head of Scouting Italy Maurizio Micheli
Academy Manager Italy Luigi Caffarelli
Kit Manager Italy Tommaso Starace
Team Manager Italy Giuseppe Santoro


Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day.[58]

Name Years
Giorgio Ascarelli 1926–1927
Gustavo Zinzaro 1927–1928
Giovanni Maresca 1928–1929
Giorgio Ascarelli 1929–1930
Giovanni Maresca
Eugenio Coppola
Vincenzo Savarese 1932–1936
Achille Lauro 1936–1940
Gaetano Del Pezzo 1941
Tommaso Leonetti 1942–1943
Luigi Piscitelli 1941–1943
Annibale Fienga 1943–1945
Vincenzo Savarese 1945–1946
Name Years
Pasquale Russo 1946–1948
Egidio Musollino 1948–1951
Alfonso Cuomo 1951–1952
Achille Lauro 1952–1954
Alfonso Cuomo 1954–1963
Luigi Scuotto 1963–1964
Roberto Fiore 1964–1967
Gioacchino Lauro 1967–1968
Antonio Corcione 1968–1969
Corrado Ferlaino 1969–1971
Ettore Sacchi 1971–1972
Corrado Ferlaino 1972–1983
Marino Brancaccio 1983
Name Years
Corrado Ferlaino 1983–1993
Ellenio F. Gallo 1993–1995
Vincenzo Schiano di Colella
(honorary president)
Gian Marco Innocenti
(honorary president)
Federico Scalingi
(honorary president)
Giorgio Corbelli 2000–2002
Salvatore Naldi 2002–2004
Aurelio De Laurentiis 2004–


Napoli has had many managers and trainers, co-managers in some seasons, since 1926.[59]

Name Nationality    Years   
Antonio Kreutzer [de] Austria 1926–1927
Bino Skasa Austria 1927
Technical Commission
Rolf Steiger
Giovanni Terrile [it]
Ferenc Molnár
Austria Italy Kingdom of Hungary 1927–1928
Otto Fischer Austria 1928
Giovanni Terrile [it] Italy 1928–1929
William Garbutt England 1929–1935
Károly Csapkay Kingdom of Hungary 1935–1936
Angelo Mattea Italy 1936–1938
Eugen Payer [it] Kingdom of Hungary 1938–1939
Technical Commission
Amedeo D'Albora
Paolo Jodice
Luigi Castello
Achille Piccini
Nereo Rocco
Italy 1939
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1939–1940
Antonio Vojak Italy 1940–1943
Paulo Innocenti Italy Brazil 1943
Raffaele Sansone Italy Uruguay 1945–1947
Giovanni Vecchina Italy 1947–1948
Arnaldo Sentimenti Italy 1948
Felice Placido Borel Italy 1948–1949
Luigi De Manes [it] Italy 1949
Vittorio Mosele [it] Italy 1949
Eraldo Monzeglio Italy 1949–1956
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1956–1959
Annibale Frossi Italy 1959
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1959–1961
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1961
Renato Cesarini Italy
Attila Sallustro Italy Paraguay 1961
Fioravante Baldi [it] Italy 1961–1962
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1962
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1962–1963
Eraldo Monzeglio Italy
Roberto Lerici Italy 1963–1964
Giovanni Molino [it] Italy 1964
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1964–1968
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1968–1969
Egidio Di Costanzo [it] Italy 1969
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1969–1973
Luís Vinício Brazil 1973–1976
Alberto Delfrati [it] Italy 1976
Rosario Rivellino [it] Italy
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1976–1977
Rosario Rivellino [it] Italy 1977
Gianni Di Marzio Italy 1977–1978
Luís Vinício Brazil 1978–1980
Angelo Sormani Italy Brazil 1980
Rino Marchesi Italy 1980–1982
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1982
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1982–1983
Pietro Santin [it] Italy 1983–1984
Rino Marchesi Italy 1984–1985
Name Nationality    Years   
Ottavio Bianchi Italy 1 July 1986 – 30 June 1989
Alberto Bigon Italy 1989–1991
Claudio Ranieri Italy 1 July 1991 – 30 June 1993
Ottavio Bianchi Italy 1 November 1992 – 30 June 1993
Marcello Lippi Italy 1 July 1993 – 30 June 1994
Vincenzo Guerini Italy 1 July 1994 – 17 October 1994
Vujadin Boškov
Cané (Jarbas Faustinho)
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Brazil 18 October 1994 – 1995
Vujadin Boškov
Aldo Sensibile
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Italy 1995 – 30 June 1996
Luigi Simoni Italy 1996–1997
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1997
Bortolo Mutti Italy 1 July 1997 – 6 October 1997
Carlo Mazzone Italy 19 October 1997 – 24 November 1997
Giovanni Galeone Italy 1997–1998
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1998
Renzo Ulivieri Italy 1998–1999
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1999
Walter Novellino Italy 1999–2000
Zdeněk Zeman Czech Republic 1 July 2000 – 12 November 2000
Emiliano Mondonico Italy 13 November 2000 – 30 June 2001
Luigi De Canio Italy 1 July 2001 – 30 June 2002
Franco Colomba Italy 1 July 2002 – 16 December 2002
Sergio Buso Italy 2002
Franco Scoglio Italy 18 December 2002 – 30 June 2003
Franco Colomba Italy 2003
Andrea Agostinelli Italy 19 June 2003 – 9 November 2003
Luigi Simoni Italy 10 November 2003 – 30 June 2004
Gian Piero Ventura Italy 1 July 2004 – 25 January 2005
Edoardo Reja Italy 3 January 2005 – 10 March 2009
Roberto Donadoni Italy 10 March 2009 – 5 October 2009
Walter Mazzarri Italy 6 October 2009 – 20 May 2013
Rafael Benítez Spain 27 May 2013 – 31 May 2015
Maurizio Sarri Italy 11 June 2015 – 23 May 2018
Carlo Ancelotti Italy 23 May 2018 – 10 December 2019
Gennaro Gattuso Italy 11 December 2019 – 23 May 2021
Luciano Spalletti Italy 29 May 2021 – 14 June 2023
Rudi Garcia France 15 June 2023 – 14 November 2023
Walter Mazzarri Italy 14 November 2023 – 19 February 2024
Francesco Calzona Italy 19 February 2024 – 5 June 2024
Antonio Conte Italy 5 June 2024 –


First-team squad[edit]

As of 1 February 2024[60]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Italy ITA Alex Meret
3 DF Brazil BRA Natan
4 MF Germany GER Diego Demme
5 DF Italy ITA Juan Jesus
6 DF Portugal POR Mário Rui (vice-captain)
8 MF Ivory Coast CIV Hamed Junior Traorè (on loan from Bournemouth)
9 FW Nigeria NGA Victor Osimhen
13 DF Kosovo KOS Amir Rrahmani (3rd captain)
14 GK Italy ITA Nikita Contini
16 GK Poland POL Hubert Idasiak
17 DF Uruguay URU Mathías Olivera
18 FW Argentina ARG Giovanni Simeone
20 MF Poland POL Piotr Zieliński
No. Pos. Nation Player
21 FW Italy ITA Matteo Politano
22 DF Italy ITA Giovanni Di Lorenzo (captain)
24 MF Sweden SWE Jens Cajuste
26 FW Belgium BEL Cyril Ngonge
29 MF Denmark DEN Jesper Lindstrøm
30 DF Italy ITA Pasquale Mazzocchi
32 MF Belgium BEL Leander Dendoncker (on loan from Aston Villa)
55 DF Norway NOR Leo Østigård
68 MF Slovakia SVK Stanislav Lobotka
77 FW Georgia (country) GEO Khvicha Kvaratskhelia
81 FW Italy ITA Giacomo Raspadori
95 GK Italy ITA Pierluigi Gollini (on loan from Atalanta)
99 MF Cameroon CMR Frank Anguissa

Primavera squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
38 FW Italy ITA Lorenzo Russo
50 DF Italy ITA Luigi D'Avino
No. Pos. Nation Player
60 MF Italy ITA Francesco Gioielli

Out on loan[edit]

As of 1 February 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Italy ITA Elia Caprile (at Empoli until 30 June 2024)
DF Italy ITA Francesco Mezzoni (at Perugia until 30 June 2024)
DF Italy ITA Nosa Edward Obaretin (at Trento until 30 June 2024)
DF Italy ITA Alessandro Zanoli (at Salernitana until 30 June 2024)
MF Italy ITA Michael Folorunsho (at Hellas Verona until 30 June 2024)
MF Italy ITA Gianluca Gaetano (at Cagliari until 30 June 2024)
MF Italy ITA Matteo Marchisano (at Potenza until 30 June 2024)
MF Mali MLI Coli Saco (at Ancona until 30 June 2024)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Italy ITA Antonio Vergara (at Reggiana until 30 June 2025)
FW Italy ITA Giuseppe Ambrosino (at Catanzaro until 30 June 2024)
FW Morocco MAR Walid Cheddira (at Frosinone until 30 June 2024)
FW Italy ITA Antonio Cioffi (at Ancona until 30 June 2024)
FW Italy ITA Giuseppe D'Agostino (at Picerno until 30 June 2024)
FW Italy ITA Lorenzo Sgarbi (at Avellino until 30 June 2024)
FW Italy ITA Alessio Zerbin (at Monza until 30 June 2024)

Retired numbers[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
10 FW Argentina ARG Diego Maradona (1984–1991[citation needed])
Jersey number 10, retired in 2000 as tribute to Diego Maradona

In the summer of 2000, Napoli retired the jersey number 10 belonged to former club legend Diego Maradona, who played for the club from 1984 to 1991. In order, the last players to wear number 10 were Fausto Pizzi (1995–1996), Beto (in 1996–1997), Igor Protti in 1997–1998 was the last player to play and score a goal with the number 10 shirt in Serie A and Claudio Bellucci in 1998–1999 and 1999–2000 in Serie B. Karl Corneliusson wore the number 10 shirt in 2004–2005 in Serie C. In Serie C the starting players had to wear shirts with the number 1-11.[citation needed]

However, for regulatory reasons, the number was reissued on blue shirts 2004 to 2006 Serie C1, a tournament utilizing the old numbering from 1 to 11. The last player to wear and score goals with this shirt in an official match was Mariano Bogliacino in the home match of 18 May 2006 against Spezia, valid for the finals leg of the Supercoppa di Lega Serie C1; primacy belongs to him also for last appearance in the championship, 12 May 2006 at the home match against Lanciano. As regards exclusively the championship, however, the honour goes to the Argentine footballer Roberto Sosa, the distinction of being the last to wear the 10 at the San Paolo and at the same time to score in the match against Frosinone on 30 April 2006.[61]


Colours, badge and nicknames[edit]

As Naples is a coastal city, the colours of the club have always been derived from the blue waters of the Gulf of Naples.[62] Originally, while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue.[63] However, since the 1920s, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure. Thus, Napoli share the nickname "Azzurri" with the Italy national team.[64] The shade of blue has been sky blue in many instances.

Napoli typically wear azure shirts with white shorts at home and white shirts with either white or blue shorts away, though in recent years the away kits have often deviated from this tradition.

One of the nicknames of Napoli is "I ciucci", which means "the donkeys" in the Neapolitan language. Napoli were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the 1926–27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse,[65] but the club adopted the donkey as a mascot named "'O Ciuccio".[66]

Napoli's first badge featured a rampant horse on top of a football with the letters "ACN" around it. The current club badge features a large "N" placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to Internazionale Napoli, which used a similar design on their shirts.[67] Since the club officially adopted the "N badge" as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not.[68] The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the "N" is white, although it has occasionally been gold (especially prior to 1980).[69]

"Partenopei" is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general.[70] It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenope tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Capri. In the story, Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren. Consequently, Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples.[71]

Supporters and rivalries[edit]


Napoli ultras at Stadio San Paolo

Napoli is the fourth most supported football club in Italy with around 13% of Italian football fans supporting the club.[72] Like other top clubs in the country, Napoli's fanbase goes beyond the Italian border; in 2018, the society announced that the team had over 35 million supporters worldwide and 120 million people who liked to watch Napoli matches.[citation needed]

The main ultra groups of Napoli are Fedayn EAM 1979, Ultras Napoli, Fossato Flegreo, Secco Vive, Mastiffs, Brigata Carolina, Teste Matte, Sud1996, Nuova Guardia, Vecchi Lions and Masseria.[73]

Napoli fans have occasionally cheered loud enough to register as earthquakes on seismographs at University of Naples Federico II.[74]

In the morning we went to the San Paolo to warm up, Carlos (Tevez) was telling me about this stadium, but I've played for Barça so I said to myself, it can't be that big of a deal! Yet when I set foot on that pitch I felt something magical, different. In the evening, when there was the anthem of the Champions League, hearing 80,000 people whistling us I realized what a mess we were in! I did play some important matches in my career, but when I heard that cry for the first time my legs were shaking! Well, it was there that I realized that for those people this is not just a team, it is a visceral love, like the one between a mother and a son! It was the only time I remained on the pitch after losing a match, just to enjoy the show.[75]


Unlike other Italian cities such as Genoa, Milan, Rome and Turin, Napoli is the only major football club in the city, and therefore there is no derby in the strict sense of the term. The now-infrequent derby with Savoia, the next largest club in Naples, was played for the first time 24 December 1939, during the knockout phase of the 1939–40 Coppa Italia, the score was 1–3 in favor of Napoli.[76] The last meeting between the clubs was in Serie B in 2000, won 0–1 by Napoli.

Napoli's most hated rivals are AS Roma, known as the Derby del Sole (Derby of the Sun), and the principal northern team Juventus.[77][78] As Napoli is the most important southern Italian team, there are a lot of rivalries with several northern teams, like Milan, Internazionale, Atalanta and Hellas Verona[79] They also have a rivalry with the other Roman club Lazio,[citation needed] and contest the Derby Mezzogiorno (Midday Derby/Derby of Southern Italy) against Bari and Derby Bourbon (referencing the family that ruled the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) against Foggia.[citation needed]

The Derby del Sud Italia (Derby of Southern Italy) against Catanzaro was considered one of the most important rivalries in Italy during the 1970s.[80]

The fans of Napoli do[clarification needed] co-star in two particular derbies in Italy against other regional teams: Derby della Campania generally refers to a rivalry with regional clubs, mainly Avellino and Salernitana.[81]


A "friendly rivalry" with Palermo is contested, known as the Derby delle Due Sicilie (Derby of the Two Sicilies), in reference to the historical link of the former Kingdom of Two Sicilies.[82] Another friendly rivalry exists with Catania known as the Derby del Vulcano (Volcano Derby), referencing Mount Vesuvius near Naples and Mount Etna near Catania.[citation needed]

Friendships with teams outside Italy exist Borussia Dortmund,[83] Celtic,[84] and Lokomotiv Plovdiv,[85] among others.[vague][which?][clarification needed]

Napoli formerly had a famous and long-standing friendship with the fans of Genoa, but the friendship ended in 2019.[86][87] Napoli also once had a friendship with Roma.[88]


S.S.C. Napoli was expelled from the professional league in 2004. Thanks to Article 52 of N.O.I.F., the sports title was transferred to Napoli Soccer (later the "new" Napoli) in the same year, while the corporate entity which administered the "old" Napoli was liquidated. In the second last season before bankruptcy, the club was partially saved by the non-standard accounting practice of amortization after Silvio Berlusconi, owner of Milan and Prime Minister of Italy, introduced Italian Law 91/1981, Article 18B.[89]

Since re-foundation in 2004, the club's large numbers of supporters provided the main source of income, particularly through gate revenues and TV rights. Napoli made an aggregate profit in 2006–07 Serie B.[90] They have continued to be profitable since returning to Serie A.[91] Napoli equity in 2005 was a negative €261,466, having started from €3 million capital. By 2010 the equity was at €25,107,223 and Napoli achieved self-sustainability.

S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A.separate financial statements[92]
Year Turnover Result Total Assets Net Assets Re-capitalization
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 03486600632) exchange rate €1 = L1936.27
1999–2000 Serie B[93] €25,120,308*# €203,378*[94] €111,556,811* €5,952,921*
2000–01 Serie A[93] Increase €54,966,464*# Decrease (€2,036,451)* Increase €154,624,699* Decrease €3,896,132* €0
2001–02 Serie B[95] Decrease €21,183,736*# Decrease (€28,856,093)* Decrease €92,721,662* Decrease (€2,166,997)* Increase ~€22.8 million
2002–03 Serie B[89] Decrease €20,428,522*# Increase (€13,754,506) Decrease €67,994,171*¶ Increase (€966,735) Decrease ~€15 million
2003–04 Serie B Not available due to bankruptcy
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 04855461218) startup capital: €3 million**
2004–05 Serie C1[96] €11,174,000 (€7,061,463) Increase €37,117,126 Decrease (€261,466) €3,800,000
2005–06 Serie C1[97] Increase €12,068,630 Decrease (€9,088,780) Increase €37,299,498 Increase €211,220 Increase €9,561,466
2006–07 Serie B[90] Increase €41,411,837 Increase €1,419,976 Increase €47,917,274 Increase €1,916,975 Decrease €288,780
2007–08 Serie A[91] Increase €88,428,490 Increase €11,911,041 Increase €86,244,038 Increase €13,829,015 Decrease €1,000
2008–09 Serie A[98] Increase €108,211,134 Decrease €10,934,520 Decrease €81,199,725 Increase €24,763,537 Decrease €0
2009–10 Serie A[99] Increase €110,849,458 Decrease €343,686 Increase €117,237,581 Increase €25,107,223 Steady €0
2010–11 Serie A Increase €131,476,940 Increase €4,197,829 Decrease €110,053,332 Increase €29,305,052
2011–12 Serie A Increase €155,929,550 Increase €14,720,757 Increase €138,168,981 Increase €44,025,810
2012–13 Serie A Decrease €151,922,436 Decrease €8,073,447 Decrease €136,748,114 Increase €52,099,258
2013–14 Serie A Increase €237,034,664 Increase €20,217,304 Increase €215,764,185 Increase €72,316,563
2014–15 Serie A Decrease (€13.1m)
2015–16 Serie A Increase (€3.2m)
2016–17 Serie A Increase €66.6m
2017–18 Serie A Decrease (€6.4m)
2018–19 Serie A €216.6 Increase €29.2m
2019–20 Serie A[100] Decrease €178.9 Decrease (€19.0m)
2020–21 Serie A Increase €179.4m Decrease (€58.9m)
2021–22 Serie A[101] Decrease €165.2m Increase (€52.0m)[102]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors[edit]


Period Kit manufacturer Front sponsor(s) Back sponsor Sleeve sponsor Notes
1926–78 In-house None None None
1978–80 Puma
1980–81 NR (Ennerre)
1981–82 Snaidero
1982–83 Cirio
1983–84 Latte Berna
1984–85 Linea Time Cirio
1985–88 NR (Ennerre) Buitoni
1988–91 Mars
1991–94 Umbro Voiello
1994–95 Lotto Record Cucine
1995–96 Record Cucine (home and away kits) / Centrale del Latte di Napoli (third kit)
1996–97 Centrale del Latte di Napoli
1997–99 Nike Polenghi
1999–2000 Peroni
2000–03 Diadora
2003–04 Legea Russo Cicciano
2004–05 Kappa None (matches 1-7) / various Filmauro films (rest of season)[a][105]
2005–06 Lete
2006–09 Diadora
2009–11 Macron
2011–14 Lete / MSC Cruises European competitions Lete only
2014–16 Lete / Pasta Garofalo
2016–19 Kappa Kimbo
2019–21 Lete / MSC Cruises
2021–23 EA7 Floki Inu Amazon European competitions Lete and Amazon only
2023– MSC Cruises UPbit eBay European competitions MSC and eBay only
  1. ^ Sky Captain (matches 8–11) / Christmas in Love (matches 12–19) / Manuale d'amore (matches 19–23) / Mandi (match 24–end of season)

Stature and statistics[edit]

League history[edit]

  • 1926–1929 Divisione Nazionale (1st tier)
  • 1929–1942 Serie A (1st tier)
  • 1942–1943 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 1943–1946 No contests (World War II)
  • 1946–1948 Serie A (1st tier)
  • 1948–1950 Serie B (2nd tier) – Champions: 1950
  • 1950–1961 Serie A (1st tier)
  • 1961–1962 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 1962–1963 Serie A (1st tier)
  • 1963–1965 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 1965–1998 Serie A (1st tier) – Champions: 1987, 1990
  • 1998–2000 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 2000–2001 Serie A (1st tier)
  • 2001–2004 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 2004–2006 Serie C1 (3rd tier) – Champions: 2006
  • 2006–2007 Serie B (2nd tier)
  • 2007–present Serie A (1st tier) – Champions: 2023







Other titles[edit]

UEFA club coefficient ranking[edit]

As of 5 June 2024[107]
Rank Team Points
17 Italy Atalanta 81.000
18 Italy SSC Napoli 80.000
19 Italy Juventus 80.000
20 Portugal SL Benfica 79.000
21 Portugal FC Porto 77.000

Records and statistics[edit]

Marek Hamšík is Napoli's record appearance holder.

Marek Hamšík holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 520. He also holds the record for league appearances with 408 over the course of 12 years from 2007 to 2019.

The all-time leading goalscorer for Napoli is Dries Mertens, with 148 goals.[108] He also holds the record for league goals with 113.

Diego Maradona finished the season of Serie A as the league's top scorer, known in Italy as the Capocannoniere, in the 1987–88 season with 15 goals.[109] This achievement was matched by Edinson Cavani in 2012–13, Gonzalo Higuaín in 2015–16, and Victor Osimhen in 2022–23.

The record for most goals in a single league season belongs to Gonzalo Higuaín, with 36 in the 2015–16 Serie A.[110]

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Pro Patria, in the 1955–56 season of Serie A.[21] Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the 1927–28 season when eventual champions Torino beat them 11–0.[21]

On 26 July 2016, Gonzalo Higuaín became the third-highest football transfer of all-time and highest ever transfer for an Italian club[111] when he joined Juventus for €90 million.[112]

On 31 July 2020, Napoli confirmed the signing of Victor Osimhen from Lille for a transfer fee of €70 million, making him Napoli's most expensive signing.[113]

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