S.T.A.L.K.E.R.

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S.T.A.L.K.E.R.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. franchise logo.png
Genre(s)
Developer(s)GSC Game World
Publisher(s)
Platform(s)
First releaseShadow of Chernobyl
20 March 2007
Latest releaseCall of Pripyat
2 October 2009

S.T.A.L.K.E.R. is a first-person-shooter games series with RPG and action-adventure elements, developed by GSC Game World, Ukraine. Game events take place in the alternative world's Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Ukraine, present day. According to the games, an unexpected anomaly affected the Exclusion Zone in 2006. As a result, the physical, chemical, and biological processes in this territory changed. Numerous anomalies, artifacts, and mutants appeared. The game is based on the novel Roadside Picnic by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, and also influenced by the movie Stalker by Andrei Tarkovsky. [1] "STALKER" is a backronym for Scavengers, Trespassers, Adventurers, Loners, Killers, Explorers and Robbers.

Setting[edit]

Timeline of releases
2007S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl
2008S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky
2009S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
TBAS.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2: Heart of Chornobyl
Attendees of fan festival Stalker-Fest 2009

The franchise's actions take place in the Zone, an alternate Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Due to the activity of several classified laboratories that had been conducting experiments with psionic abilities, a catastrophe occurred in 2006, which caused physical and meteorological phenomena all over the Zone and mutation of local plant and animal life.[2] The Zone is rich in anomalies — inexplicable phenomena that don't obey the laws of physics and common sense (such as pillars of fire, lightning scatter, whirlwinds that tear everything that falls into them, etc).[3]

Anomalies are causing artifacts to appear, which are items with unique and extraordinary properties such as anti-gravity or radioactivity absorption.[4] People who have come to explore the Zone in search of personal enrichment such as artifacts are known as "stalkers". Many of them are working on their own, though there are also several organized factions present. The Duty faction believes the Zone is a threat to humanity that must be destroyed. Conversely, the Freedom faction members believe the Zone should be freely accessible to all people.

To protect the Zone from intruders, a military checkpoint known as the Cordon was built by the Ukraine Military Forces. Also, military squads carry out operations in the Zone, like elimination missions or securing strategic points. The most dangerous of the Zone dwellers are other stalkers, particularly a fanatical sect called the Monolith protecting the center of the Zone, and mutants, some of which possess psionic powers.

The protagonists in the series have different goals and allegiances, but often must work together. Typically, every game's primary goal is to reach the center of the Zone, with a number of adventures, dangers, and risks on the way.

Plot[edit]

Shadow of Chernobyl (2007)[edit]

In the first game of the series, the player takes on the role of an amnesiac stalker referred to as the "Marked One", tasked with killing another stalker named Strelok. During the game, the protagonist uncovers clues to his past and true identity while helping other stalkers and fighting the mutated creatures that inhabit the Zone. Shadow of Chernobyl features seven endings. These endings are dependent on multiple factors, such as money earned during the game, supporting certain factions, or how much of the protagonist's memory was pieced together.

Clear Sky (2008)[edit]

Clear Sky, the second game released in the series, is a prequel to Shadow of Chernobyl. The player assumes the role of Scar, a veteran mercenary. The lone survivor of a huge energy emission he was caught in while escorting a group of scientists through the Zone, he is rescued by and works with Clear Sky, a faction dedicated to researching and understanding the nature of the Zone. Throughout the game, the player can choose to have Scar side with or against certain factions in the area to help achieve Clear Sky's goal.

Call of Pripyat (2009)[edit]

The third game in the series, Call of Pripyat takes place shortly after the events of Shadow of Chernobyl. Having discovered the open path to the center of the Zone, the government decides to take control of it via "Operation Fairway". Furthermore, they plan to investigate the territory before dispatching the main military force thoroughly. Despite these preparations, the military operation fails, with all helicopters crashing. In order to determine the cause of the crashes, the Security Service of Ukraine sends former stalker Major Alexander Degtyarev into the Zone.

Heart of Chornobyl (2023)[edit]

S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 was announced in August 2010, with an initial release date scheduled for 2012.[5] Sergiy Grygorovych, CEO of GSC Game World, specified that the video game featured a completely new multi-platform engine, written by GSC itself.[6] On 23 December 2011, GSC Game World announced they would be continuing development of S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2, despite an earlier announcement pointing to its cancellation.[7] However, S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 was cancelled yet again by GSC Game World through a Twitter post on 25 April 2012.[8]

Development of a new S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 was announced on 15 May 2018 with a post on the Cossacks 3 Facebook page.[9] The post links to a site[10] that displays the text "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 — 2.0.2.1.", implying a planned release year of 2021 powered by the Unreal Engine 4.[11] In May 2018, Sergey Galyonkin, the creator of Steam Spy, tweeted that GSC Game World would create a S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2, using Unreal Engine 4.[12] Shortly the GSC website mentioned that the company was working on S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2, and a teaser website appeared mentioning the release date of 2021.[13] It was suggested that the game was still in the design phase, and was announced just before E3 2018 so it could find a publisher.[14]

On 23 March 2020, GSC Game World published a screenshot of the game in development, promising they would share new information about the game in the coming months.[15]

On 23 July 2020, it was announced that the game will be released in 2021 for Microsoft Windows and Xbox Series X/S, which will be the first time the series will be on consoles.[16]

On 30 December 2020, an in-engine teaser of the game was released.[17]

On 13 June 2021, the release date was confirmed for 28 April 2022 through a gameplay trailer at the E3 2021 Microsoft/Bethesda press conference. It also revealed it would be on Xbox Game Pass at launch.[18] On 12 January 2022, the release date was delayed until 8 December 2022. [19]

After the Russian Invasion of Ukraine in February of 2022, it was announced that development had been put on an indefinite hold.

Reception[edit]

Aggregate review scores
As of 20 September 2021.
Game Metacritic
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl (PC) 82[20]
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky (PC) 75[21]
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat (PC) 80[22]

The S.T.A.L.K.E.R. series has positive reviews from popular gaming sites and was well received by critics. The series is scored between 75 and 82 on Metacritic.

By August 2010, the franchise had sold over 4 million copies.[23] In August 2021, GSC and Koch Media is claiming over 15 million total sales for the franchise.[24]

Related games[edit]

In 2010 the first game of the Metro game series was released. Metro is another series of Ukrainian first-person shooter games based on the Metro 2033 literature series, which was created by some ex-members of the S.T.A.L.K.E.R. development team who left to form 4A Games in 2006 before the release of Shadow of Chernobyl.

The former S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 team opened a new studio, Vostok Games, in 2012. In 2015, they released a free-to-play massively multiplayer online first-person shooter game titled Survarium in the spirit of the franchise, using ideas they created for the cancelled sequel.[25] Their new project is a battle royale game set in Chernobyl, titled Fear the Wolves.

In 2014, West-Games, which claimed to be composed of former S.T.A.L.K.E.R. core developers (according to both GSC Game World[26] and Vostok Games,[27] falsely) launched a Kickstarter campaign for a spiritual successor to S.T.A.L.K.E.R. first called Areal[28] and then STALKER Apocalypse. While it managed to reach its goal of $50,000, multiple concerns were raised throughout the campaign about the project being a possible scam, and Kickstarter eventually suspended the campaign two days before its deadline, for undisclosed reasons.[29][30]

In 2019, Alexey Sityanov, former game designer and story writer of Shadow of Chernobyl, Survarium and Sketch Tales, teamed up with The Farm 51 to work on their Kickstarter project, Chernobylite. The game features similar gameplay and themes to S.T.A.L.K.E.R, and the environment is based on the real Chernobyl exclusion zone, done by utilizing photogrammetry measurements.[31][32] A stalker is introduced in the game as an antagonist, known as Black Stalker. Chernobylite released the first early access version of the game on 16 October 2019, on Steam.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In the Zone of Alienation: Tarkovsky as Video Game". 1 May 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  2. ^ "S.t.a.l.k.e.r. Zone World". GSC Game World. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
  3. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl Review - IGN". 19 March 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Retrospective: S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl". Eurogamer. 13 September 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  5. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 studio facing uncertain future". GameSpot. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  6. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 official announcement".
  7. ^ "STALKER 2 Still In Development; GSC Working To Get The Game Released". Cinemablend.com. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  8. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 canceled". GameSpot. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  10. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2". www.stalker2.com. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  11. ^ "N4G". www.n4g.com. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  12. ^ "STALKER 2 announced, scheduled for 2021 release". Polygon. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  13. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 is coming in 2021, apparently". Destructoid. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  14. ^ "STALKER 2 was only announced so the devs could find a publisher". PCGamesN. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018. the game is currently in the design doc phase, and developers GSC GameWorld are hoping to secure a publisher at E3.(...)Galyonkin, however, suggests that that date could be wishful thinking, as the game doesn't actually have a publisher at this point.
  15. ^ "Here's our first look at Stalker 2". PC Gamer. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  16. ^ Watts, Steve (23 July 2020). "Here's our first look at Stalker 2". GameSpot. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  17. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 Official In-Engine Gameplay Teaser". IGN. 30 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  18. ^ Barbosa, Alessadro (13 June 2021). "Stalker 2: Heart of Chernobyl Launches In April 2022, On Xbox Games Pass At Launch". GameSpot.
  19. ^ Chalk, Andy (12 January 2022). "Stalker 2 delayed to December". PCGamer.
  20. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
  21. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. Clear Sky for PC Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
  22. ^ "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat for PC Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  23. ^ "GSC Game World - Official Site".
  24. ^ "Koch Media and GSC Game World partner up for the physical release of S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2: Heart of Chernobyl". Koch Media. 11 August 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  25. ^ "STALKER 2 Gets Cancelled, Developers Open New Studio". Cinemablend.com. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  26. ^ Hall, Charlie (22 December 2014). "The original developer of STALKER re-opens, has a good laugh, announces new game". Polygon. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  27. ^ Purchese, Robert (25 June 2014). ""Definitive spiritual successor" to S.T.A.L.K.E.R. hits Kickstarter". Eurogamer. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  28. ^ Tach, Dave (24 June 2014). "STALKER devs working on survival horror spiritual successor Areal". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  29. ^ Andy Chalk (19 December 2014). "Crowd funding firm denies links with STALKER Apocalypse studio". PC Gamer. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  30. ^ Kain, Erik. "Kickstarter 'Areal' Scam Is Back With 'STALKER Apocalypse' On Shady New Crowdfunding Site". Forbes. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Chernobylite - Official Website". www.chernobylgame.com. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  32. ^ Chernobylite Kickstarter Video, retrieved 17 October 2019
  33. ^ Clayton, Natalie (16 October 2019). "Radioactive shooter Chernobylite enters early access today". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 17 October 2019.

External links[edit]