S. Rm. M. Annamalai Chettiar
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Satappa Ramanatha Muthaiya Annamalai Chettiar
|Died||15 June 1948 (aged 66)|
|Children||M. A. Muthiah Chettiar|
M. A. Ramanathan Chettiar
M. A. Chidambaram
|Parent(s)||S. Rm. Muthiah Chettiar (father)|
|Relatives||S. Rm. family|
M. Ct. family
Satappa Ramanatha Muttaiya Annamalai Chettiar KCSI (30 September 1881 – 15 June 1948) was an Indian industrialist, banker, educationist and philanthropist from Tamil Nadu. He is the founder of Annamalai University in Chidambaram.
Born to S. Rm. Muthiah Chettiar of a wealthy Nagarathar family, Annamalai Chettiar joined the family business early and expanded their banking operations to South-East Asia. Annamalai Chettiar was one of the founders of Indian Bank along with his brother S. Rm. M. Ramaswami Chettiar and served as the first governor of the Imperial Bank of India. He also served a term as a member of the Council of State, the upper house of the Imperial Legislative Council of India and was honored with a knighthood in 1923 and the title Raja of Chettinad in 1929.
Annamalai Chettiar was born on 30 September 1881 at Kanadukathan in the Sivaganga estate of the then Madura district in the Madras Presidency of British India. His father, S.R.M.M. Muthiah Chettiar was a noted banker. His brother Ramaswami Chettiar was one of the founders of the Indian Bank of which Annamalai Chettiar later served as a director. After his schooling, he joined his family business and spent a considerable time in England. On his return home, he became the head of the civic body of Karaikudi and the District Board.
In 1916, he transferred from local affairs to the Legislative Council of Madras Presidency, where he sat for 3 years. In 1920, he stood for election to the Council of State and held his seat in the council for three consecutive terms. He was appointed one of the governors of the Imperial Bank of India in 1921. Annamalai Chettiar established Sri Meenakshi College at Chidambaram in 1920. A Tamil College was added in 1927 and an Oriental Training College and College of Music were established. All these institutions were combined to form the Annamalai University on 1 January 1929. He died on 15 June 1948.
Chettiar was given the title Diwan Bahadur by the king of Britain for the valuable services rendered to the crown. Later, he was conferred the honor of knighthood on 2 June 1923. In 1929, he was conferred the title of hereditary Raja of Chettinad.
Family and legacy
Annamalai Chettiar's oldest son M. A. Muthiah Chettiar, an activist of the Tamil Isai Movement, served as the Minister of Education and excise in the Madras Presidency while his third son M. A. Chidambaram and grandson A. C. Muthiah both served as presidents of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Annamalai Chettiar is the maternal grandfather of former Finance Minister of India, P. Chidambaram.
The suburb of Raja Annamalaipuram in Chennai is named after Annamalai Chettiar. Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department issued a commemorative stamp in his honor.
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- The Edinburgh Gazette. 5 June 1923. Issue 13924, p. 798