S. S. Rajendran

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S. S. Rajendran
S. S. Rajendran.jpg
Native name எஸ். எஸ். ராஜேந்திரன்
Born Sedapatti Suryanarayana Rajendran
January 1928 (1928-01)
Usilampatti, Madras Presidency, British India
Died 24 October 2014(2014-10-24) (aged 86)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Other names SSR
Latchiya Nadigar
Occupation film actor, director, producer, politician
Years active 1951–2014
Spouse(s) Pankajam, Thamarai Selvi, C. R. Vijayakumari

Sedapatti Suryanarayana Rajendran, commonly known by his stage name S. S. Rajendran (SSR) (Tamil: எஸ். எஸ். ராஜேந்திரன்; January 1928 – 24 October 2014), was an Indian film actor, director, producer and politician.

Film career[edit]

Rajendran made his acting debut with the 1952 film Parasakthi,[1] directed by the directing duo Krishnan-Panju, with the character Gnanasekharan.[citation needed] He followed with Mudhalali, President Panchatcharam,[2] Pillai Kani Amudhu, Thalai Koduthan Thambi, Thedi Vandha Selvam, C. N. Annadurai's Edhayum Thangum Idhayam, M. Karunanidhi's Avan Pithana, Poompuhar and Modern Theatres Kumudham. SSR acted with M. G. Ramachandran in Raja Desingu as Mohamed Khan and in Kaanji Thalaivan as Paranjothi. He had worked in many films with Sivaji Ganesan such as Manohara, Rangoon Radha, Raja Rani, Deivapiravi, Aalayamani, Pachai Vilakku, Pazhani, Kungumam, Santhi and Kai Kodutha Dheivam.

Other notable films were Sorgavasal, Ammaiyappan, Ratha Kanneer, Kula Dheivam, Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum, Kalyanikku Kalyanam, Sivagangai Seemai, also in AVM's Kaakum Karangal, Poomalai and K. Balachander's Ethiroli.

His drama company SSR Nadaka Mandram staged plays including[3]Or Iravu (C. N. Annadurai), Manimagudam (M. Karunanidhi) and Thenpaandi Veeran (P. Nedumaran). He introduced and gave opportunities to actress Manorama.[4]

S.S. Rajendran with M.G.R.

Director K. S. Gopalakrishnan was introduced from his film Saradha (a silver jubilee hit) and Saradha Studios was established to commomerate the success of this film by its producer A. L. Srinivasan. Likewise, SSRs film Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum, in which his co-star was Raja Sulochana,[5] was a successful film in 1958.

Political life[edit]

He joined the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party and became the first elected member of legislative assembly among actors in India when he was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as a DMK candidate Theni (State Assembly Constituency) in Madras State legislative assembly election, 1962.[6] Subsequently, he was elected as a member (MP) of Rajya Sabha.[citation needed] He joined the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) and won from Andipatti constituency in the 1980 assembly election. Later, he became a critic of M. Karunanidhi and of the DMK's family policies.[7]

Personal interest[edit]

Rajendran, being a strict follower of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy's policy of rationalism, never acted in films based on mythology. He earned the sobriquet "Ilatchiya Nadigar" (Idealistic Actor) as he never acted in films against his policy.[8][9][10]

Death[edit]

Rajendran was admitted into Chennai Meenakshi hospital on 20 October 2014 to treat issues related with lung infection. He died on 24 October 2014.[1][11]

Filmography[edit]

Actor[edit]

Year Film Role Director Notes Ref.
1952 Parasakthi Gnanasekaran Krishnan–Panju [12]
Panam N. S. Krishnan
1954 Manohara Rajapriyan L. V. Prasad
Ratha Kanneer Balu Krishnan-Panju
Sorgavasal Muthu Manikam A. Kasilingam
Ammaiyappan Muthan A. Bhim Singh
1956 Raja Rani A. Bhim Singh
Kuladeivam Rajaiya Krishnan-Panju
Rangoon Radha A. Kasilingam
1957 Mudhalali Vasanthan/Varathan Muktha V. Srinivasan
1958 Anbu Engey Somu D. Yoganand
Petra Maganai Vitra Annai Prince Villalan/Neelan V. Ramanathan
Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum Rangan A. K. Velan
Thedi Vandha Selvam P. Neelakantan
Pillai Kaniyamudhu M. A. Thirumugam
Thirudargal Jakkirathai B. N. Rao
1959 Alli Petra Pillai K. Somu
Kalyanikku Kalyanam Sadhasivam A. S. A. Sami
Koodi Vazhnthal Kodi Nanmai D. S. Rajagopalan
Mamiyaar Mechiya Marumagal Krishnan-Panju
Nattukku Oru Nallaval K. Dasaratha Ramaiah
President Panchatcharam A. Bhim Singh
Sivagangai Seemai K. Shankar
Thalai Koduthaan Thambi Indrajith T. R. Sundaram
Sollu Thambi Sollu T. V. Sundaram
1960 Deivapiravi Ramu Krishnan-Panju
Raja Desingu General Mohammed Khan T. R. Raghunath
Petra Manam A. Bhim Singh
Thangarathinam M. A. Thirumugam
Sangili Devan B. R. Panthulu
1961 Kumudham Kumaran Adurthi Subba Rao
Manapanthal Dr. Gunasekaran V. N. Reddy
Panam Panthiyile Krishna Rao
1962 Deivathin Deivam K. S. Gopalakrishnan
Senthamarai A. Bhim Singh
Muthu Mandapam A. S. A. Sami
Aalayamani Sekar K. Shankar
Sarada Sambandham K. S. Gopalakrishnan
Ethaiyum Thangum Ithaiyam P. Neelakantan
1963 Kaanji Thalaivan Commander Paranjothi A. Kasilingam
Aasai Alaigal Durai Raj A. S. A. Sami
Kaithiyin Kathali A. K. Velan
Kattu Roja Baskaran Adurthi Subba Rao
Naanum Oru Penn Bhaskar A. C. Tirulokchandar
Neengadha Ninaivu T. R. Raghunath
Vanambadi Sekhar G. R. Nathan
Kungumam Superintendent Raja Krishnan-Panju
1964 Pachai Vilakku A. Bhim Singh
Alli S. S. Rajendran
Kai Kodutha Dheivam Ravi K. S. Gopalakrishnan
Poompuhar Kovalan P. Neelakantan
Vazhi Piranthadu A. S. A. Sami
Pazhani Raju A. Bhim Singh
Anandhi Somu P. Neelakantan
Santhi A. Bhim Singh
Kakkum Karangal Dr. Shankar A. C. Tirulokchandar
Paditha Manaivi Krishnaswamy
Poomalai Sundaram P. Neelakantan
1966 Avan Pithana? P. Neelakantan
Mani Magudam King Mani Maaran/Puthumai Pithan S. S. Rajendran
Marakka Mudiyumaa? Murasoli Maran
Thedi Vandha Thirumagal
Thaaye Unakkaga P. Pullaiah
1969 Kula Vilakku K. S. Gopalakrishnan
1970 Ethiroli K. Balachander
1981 Erattai Manithan K. Shankar
1985 Anbin Mugavari Manivannan
1996 Rajali Velu Prabhakaran
1998 Dharma Chief Minister K. R.
2000 Vallarasu N. Maharajan
2001 Rishi Chief Minister Sundar C.
2003 Dum IGP A. Venkatesh
2008 Theekuchi A. L. Raja

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Veteran Tamil actor SS Rajendran dead". The Times of India. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  2. ^ President Panchatcharam was a success at the box office.1959 THE HINDU 2/oct/2011
  3. ^ P.R.Vasantha kumars'ilatchia selvam SSR 1987 'sironmani publications'
  4. ^ Manorama in her lifetime award function said (jan 15 2008): "Those were days when even a fleeting presence on the screen was considered a huge achievement. It was Kannadasan Sir who offered the role. But actually I owe all this to S. S. Rajendran. It was he who invited me to Madras to act in the Kalaignar's (M. Karunanidhi) play Manimagudam. That play was a resounding success and I was recognised as an actress. Later, I faced the camera for the first time in an unfinished film that had Rajendran and Devika in the lead roles. Then came Maalayitta Mangai." recounts the actor.
  5. ^ Rajasulochana's most successful film, according to critics and moviegoers, was "Thai Pirandhaal Vazhi Pirakkum". It was remade in Telugu as "Manchi Manasuku Manchi Rojulu" with N. T. Rama Rao playing the lead. The film was directed by her husband, noted writer-director C. S. Rao. (4/sep/2011)memories linger Raja Sulochana,THE HINDU
  6. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MADRAS" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  7. ^ "S S Rajendran: A Periyar follower, first Tamil actor to turn to politics". New Indian Express. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  8. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil_nadu/%E2%80%98Latchiya-Nadigar%E2%80%99-SSR-No-More/2014/10/25/article2492415.ece
  9. ^ http://sangam.org/autobiography-actor-politician-s-s-rajendran/
  10. ^ http://www.kalyanamalaimagazine.com/Content/Thiraichuvai/July10_1_15/Potpourri_of_titbits_about_Tamil_cinema_SSR.html
  11. ^ "பழம்பெரும் நடிகர் எஸ்.எஸ். ராஜேந்திரன் காலமானார்". Tamil Language. Daily Thanthi. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  12. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1998) [1994]. Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema (PDF). Oxford University Press. p. 327. ISBN 019-563579-5.

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