S. S. Ramasami Padayatchiyar

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Siva Sidhambara Ramasami Padayachi
Member of Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Tindivanam
In office
1980–1989
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi,
Rajiv Gandhi
Preceded by N. R. Lakshminarayanan
Succeeded by R. Eramadass
Minister of Local Administration (Madras state)
In office
13 April 1954 – 13 April 1957
Premier K. Kamaraj
Preceded by N. Sankara Reddi
Succeeded by Lourdhammal Simon
Personal details
Born (1918-09-16)16 September 1918
Died 3 April 1992(1992-04-03) (aged 73)
Nationality Indian
Political party Tamil Nadu Toilers' Party
Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Papa Ammal
Profession Politician

S. S. Ramasami Padayatchi (16 September 1918 – 3 April 1992) was a politician from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He was the founder of the Tamil political party Tamil Nadu Toilers' Party, which is considered to be a predecessor of Pattali Makkal Katchi.

Early life[edit]

Padayatchiyar was born in a Vanniyar family at the South Arcot district of Madras Presidency on 16 September 1918.[1][2] He studied till high school and did not pursue any further education. He entered politics and founded the Tamil Nadu Toilers Party in 1951.[1]

Tamil Nadu Toilers Party[edit]

Tamil Nadu Toilers Party was created by Padayatchiyar and members of the Vanniyar caste during the 1950s.[3] In 1951, Vanniyars convened a major conference of the Vanniyar Kula Kshatriya Sangam. M. A. Manickavelu Naicker, a lawyer and S. S. Ramasami Padayatchi, 33-year-old high school graduate, Chairman of the Cuddalore Municipal school and member of the South Arcot district board were participants of the conference the conference among others. The conference which intended to organise Vanniyars on a statewide basis failed due to traditional local loyalties. South Arcot and Salem Vanniyars under Padayatchiyars's leadership formed Tamil Nadu Toilers party where as Vanniyars from North Arcot and Chengalpattu under Naicker formed Commonweal Party.[4]

In the Madras Legislative Assembly[edit]

Padayatchiyar was unsure over the choice of alliances. However, initially, he was highly skeptical of the Indian National Congress and criticized the Commonweal Party for establishing an alliance with the Congress.[5] But he significantly modified his stance when C. Rajagopalachari resigned as the Chief Minister of Madras state. He proposed negotiations with Rajaji's successor K. Kamaraj and eventually, merged his party with the Congress accepting an appointment as Minister of Local Self-Government.[6]

During the 1962 elections, Padayatchiyar quit the Congress and revived the Tamil Nadu Toilers Party. He concluded an alliance with the Swatantra Party and contested the elections as an ally of the Swarajya Party. However, Tamil Nadu Toilers Party performed poorly in the 1962 elections and Padayatchiyar himself lost his seat.[7][8] During the 1967 elections, Padayatchiyar approached the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam offering his support. But the DMK rebuffed him saying that there were enough candidates from the Vanniyar community in the DMK and the support of the Tamil Nadu Toilers Party would not be needed. The DMK performed well in the elections and captured power in the state.[7]

As Member of Parliament[edit]

After a brief lull, Padayatchiyar returned to politics in 1980. He returned to the Indian National Congress and contested in the Lok Sabha elections from Tindivanam and was elected to the lower house of Indian Parliament.[2][8] Ramasami was re-elected in 1984 and served from 1980 to 1989.[8]

Family[edit]

Ramasami Padayatchiyar married Papa Ammal and had two sons and one daughter, Vimal.[2]

Death[edit]

Ramasami Padayatchiyar died on 3 April 1992 at Cuddalore.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b I. Rudolph, Lloyd; Susanne Hoeber Rudolph (1969). The Modernity of Tradition: political development in India. University of Chicago. p. 55. ISBN 0-226-73137-5. 
  2. ^ a b c Indian parliamentary companion: who's who of members of Lok Sabha : first to thirteenth lok sabha. Lok Sabha. 2003. p. 364. 
  3. ^ John L. Varianno, Jean-Luc Racine and Viramma Josianne Racine (1997). Viramma: life of an untouchable. Verso. p. 293. ISBN 978-1859848173. 
  4. ^ Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph (1984). The Modernity of Tradition. University Of Chicago Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0226731377. 
  5. ^ I. Rudolph, Lloyd; Suzanne Hoeber Rudolph (1969). The Modernity of Tradition: political development in India. University of Chicago. p. 56. ISBN 0-226-73137-5. 
  6. ^ I. Rudolph, Lloyd; Suzanne Hoeber Rudolph (1969). The Modernity of Tradition: political development in India. University of Chicago. p. 58. ISBN 0-226-73137-5. 
  7. ^ a b I. Rudolph, Lloyd; Suzanne Hoeber Rudolph (1969). The Modernity of Tradition: political development in India. University of Chicago. p. 90. ISBN 0-226-73137-5. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Obituary Reference". Parliament of India. 
Preceded by
None
President of the Tamil Nadu Toilers' Party
1951-1954
1962-1980
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Member of the Madras Legislative Assembly
1951-1962
Succeeded by
Preceded by
N. Sankara Reddi
Minister of Local Administration (Madras state)
1954-1957
Succeeded by
Lourdhammal Simon
Preceded by
N. R. Lakshminarayanan
Member of Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Tindivanam
1980-1989
Succeeded by
R. Eramadass