S. Stillman Berry

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S. Stillman Berry
S. Stillman Berry, seated holding a rare book from his collection, c. 1960s
Born(1887-03-16)March 16, 1887
Unity, Maine, United States
DiedApril 9, 1984(1984-04-09) (aged 97)
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materStanford University
Known forWork on cephalopods
Scientific career
FieldsMarine zoology

Samuel Stillman Berry (March 16, 1887 – April 9, 1984)[1] was an American marine zoologist specialized in cephalopods.


S. Stillman Berry on his 95th birthday, 16 March 1982.

He was born in Unity, Maine but the family home was the Winnecook Ranch in Montana, which had been founded by his father Ralph in 1880. In 1897, he moved with his mother and two cousins to Redlands, California.

Berry received a B.S. (1909) from Stanford and his M.S. (1910) from Harvard. He then returned to Stanford for his Ph.D. work on cephalopods and got his doctorate in 1913.

From 1913 until 1918, he worked as a librarian and research assistant at the Scripps Institution for Biological Research in La Jolla, California. This was the last paid employment he ever held in academia—all his later studies and expeditions were financed by the profits from the family ranch in Montana.

Despite his independent status, he became a renowned malacologist, publishing 209 articles and establishing 401 mollusc taxa. Most of his work dealt with chitons, cephalopods, and also land snails.

Berry also had an interest in horticulture, where he concentrated on the hybridization of irises and daffodils. For some time, from the 1920s until the late 1940s, he even ran a horticultural business from Winnecook Ranch, which he had taken over after the death of his father in 1911. In 1917 he became the president of the Winnecook Ranch Company, a post he occupied until his death in 1984.


  • "THE CEPHALOPODA OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS" (PDF). Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Berry, S. Stillman (2016) "A New Sierran Pulmonate of the Genus Monadenia," Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences: Vol. 54: Iss. 1. [1]


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