S14 (classification)

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S14, SB14, SM14 are disability swimming classifications used for categorising swimmers based on their level of disability.

Definition[edit]

This classification is for people with intellectual disabilities.[1]

History[edit]

The classification was created by the International Paralympic Committee and has roots in a 2003 attempt to address "the overall objective to support and co-ordinate the ongoing development of accurate, reliable, consistent and credible sport focused classification systems and their implementation."[2]

For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee had a zero classification at the Games policy. This policy was put into place in 2014, with the goal of avoiding last minute changes in classes that would negatively impact athlete training preparations. All competitors needed to be internationally classified with their classification status confirmed prior to the Games, with exceptions to this policy being dealt with on a case by case basis.[3]

Competitors[edit]

Australian swimmer Siobhan Paton celebrates winning the 50m Freestyle S14 at the Sydney 2000 Paralympics.

Swimmers who have competed in this class include Siobhan Paton,[4] Taylor Corry and Mitchell Kilduff of Australia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vanlandewijck, Yves; Thompson, Walter R; IOC Medical Commission (2011). The paralympic athlete : handbook of sports medicine and science. Handbook of sports medicine and science. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 265. ISBN 9781444334043. OCLC 642278479.
  2. ^ "Paralympic Classification Today". International Paralympic Committee. 22 April 2010. p. 3. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ "Rio 2016 Classification Guide" (PDF). International Paralympic Committee. International Paralympic Committee. March 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "AIS Roll of Honour for the Paralympics". Australian Sports Commission. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.