SA-500F

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500F rolls out from the VAB on May 25, 1966.

SA-500F (alternately SA500F, 500F, or Facilities Integration Vehicle) was a dummy Saturn V used by NASA to test facilities at Launch Complex 39 at the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida throughout 1966.[1] Tests included the mating of the Saturn's stages in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), the fit of the service platforms, the launcher-transporter operation, the propellant loading system, and the test connections to the mobile launcher and support equipment.[1]

Its three stages duplicated the flight configuration, ordnance, and umbilical connections of their live counterparts. Although inert, the retrograde rockets, ullage rockets, and shaped charges had the dimensions of the live ordnance to let the launch team practice ordnance installation.[2] The first stage only had one real F-1 engine, and the inter-tank section of the first stage had a different paint scheme than flight vehicles. The third stage had a paint scheme partially matching the Saturn 1B, for which it was originally made.

SA-500F was first stacked on Mobile Launcher 1 in the Vehicle Assembly Building High Bay 1 up to the Instrument Unit on March 30, 1966. The Apollo Command/Service Module facilities verification boilerplate was added on May 2, 1966.[3]

500F was rolled out to Pad A on May 25, 1966. On June 8, it was rolled back to the VAB temporarily as Hurricane Alma passed, though the ground crew supposed the rollback was more of an exercise than necessity because winds remained below critical for the entire storm.[4] 500F returned to Pad A on June 10.[5] Facility checkout culminated with a "wet test" (Filling the tanks with propellant)to verify storage and transfer of propellants.[2]

500F was removed from Pad A on October 14 and destacked on October 21, 1966.[5]

Paint scheme[edit]

SA-500F was the first complete assembly of something resembling a Saturn V, and model makers quickly patterned their designs after its paint scheme, but engineers changed the black stripe to white in the intertank section of the first stage for flight vehicles after discovering the intertank got too hot from the heat of the Sun. The third stage's paint scheme is similar to that of the Saturn IB, with some minor differences, since it was originally made for testing the facilities of the Saturn IB. Model manufacturers largely haven't updated their paint schemes since.[6][7] The SA-500D test article also had a similar paint scheme.

Fate[edit]

The first stage, S-1C-F, was returned to the Marshall Space Flight Center and was stored there for an extended time (possibly for a few years). The stage was eventually scrapped to make more room.[8][9]

The second stage, S-IIC-F, was reassigned as a dynamic test stage at Marshall in early 1967 as S-II-F/D for use in the dynamic test vehicle SA-500D, after its predecessor was destroyed in an accident on a test stand. It is now displayed as part of the Saturn V at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center.[9]

The third stage, S-IV-B-500F, was manufactured as a dummy third stage for the smaller Saturn IB and was used to fit-check the two Saturn IB launch complex facilities (LC 34 and LC 37). It was then modified to meet the Saturn V third stage configuration for use on the SA-500F. In 1970, it was modified into the Skylab Workshop Dynamic Test Stage[10] and was shipped in December to the Johnson Space Center for dynamic testing. In June 1971, it was shipped to Marshall for Skylab workshop static testing; and in June 1974 it was returned to KSC.[11] It was scrapped in the 1980s or 1990s, with a possible sighting in 1986.[12]

See also[edit]

  • SA-500D, the Saturn V Dynamic Test Vehicle

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Saturn Vehicle History". Space Launch Report. December 22, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Benson, Charles D.; Faherty, William Barnaby (1978). Moonport: A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations. Scientific and Technical Information Office, NASA. Archived from the original on 2004-11-17.
  3. ^ von Braun, Wernher (2010). Buckbee, Ed, ed. The Rocket Man: Wernher von Braun: The Man Who Took America to the Moon: His Weekly Notes: 1961-1969 (DVD). Steward & Wise Music Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-935001-27-0. (NOTES 4/4/66 RUDOLPH)
  4. ^ Lawrie, Alan; Pearlman, Robert (January 7, 2008). "Untold Apollo: How tennis shoes and tug-of-war toppled the mighty Saturn V". CollectSPACE. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Teitel, Amy Shira (October 27, 2014). "Rocking a Rocket: The Saturn 500F Shake Test". Vintage Space. Retrieved December 19, 2014 – via Popular Science.
  6. ^ Duncan, John (June 17, 2017). "The Saturn V: The Facilities Verification Vehicle 500F". Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "Other Saturn IB Colors".
  8. ^ "Saturn V 500F question". NASASpaceFlight.com. January 25, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Kyle, Ed (January 21, 2007). "Saturn V 500F question". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "Saturn V Stage to be Modified". Orlando Sentinel. January 8, 1970. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  11. ^ Memorandum from Larry Mauk, Kennedy Space Center, to Mike Wright, "Saturn V numbers," February 20, 1992, with attachment entitled, "Stage S-IVB-500F History".
  12. ^ http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=6263.msg104838#msg104838