|Launched||5 May 1975 (test transmission)|
6 January 1976 (start of regular broadcasts, as SABC TV/SAUK-TV)
1 January 1982 (as TV1)
4 February 1996 (as SABC 2)
|Owned by||South African Broadcasting Corporation|
|Picture format||16:9 (576i, SDTV)|
|Broadcast area||South Africa|
|Headquarters||SABC Television Park, Uitsaaisentrum, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Replaced||SABC TV / SAUK-TV|
|Sister channel(s)||SABC 1|
|Sentech||Channel depends on nearest Sentech repeater|
|OpenView HD||Channel 102|
It was founded on 6 January 1976 under the name SABC TV / SAUK TV. On 1 January 1982, it changed its name to TV1. On the same day, two services were introduced, TV2 broadcasting in Zulu and Xhosa and TV3 broadcasting in Sotho and Tswana, both targeted at a Black urban audience. The main channel, now called TV1, was divided evenly between English and Afrikaans, as before. In 1985, a new service called TV4 was introduced, carrying sports and entertainment programming, using the channel shared by TV2 and TV3, which stopped broadcasting at 9:30pm.
In 1992, TV2, TV3 and TV4 were combined into a new service called CCV (Contemporary Community Values). A third channel was introduced known as TSS, or TopSport Surplus, TopSport being the brand name for the SABC's sport coverage, but this was replaced by NNTV (National Network TV), an educational, non-commercial channel, in 1994. In 1996, the SABC reorganised its three TV channels with the aim of making them more representative of the various language groups. These new channels were called SABC 1, SABC 2 and SABC 3.
After the SABC restructured its television channels, taking the place of the old TV1 channel. The reduced prominence of Afrikaans angered many speakers of the language, although the channel still features a significant amount of Afrikaans programming, including a news broadcast every week night at 19:00 and weekends at 18:00.
M-Net seeing the market need, launched the Afrikaans subscription channel KykNet in 1999 and followed in 2005 with the music channel MK (originally known as MK89.) In 2009, Mnet launched Koowwe, a kids channel broadcasting in Afrikaans.
- "The Media Development and Diversity Agency - a draft position paper". South African Government Information. November 2000. p. 68. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
- The Press and Apartheid: Repression and Propaganda in South Africa, William A. Hachten, C.Anthony Giffard Springer, 1984, page 222
- Communication and Democratic Reform in South Africa, Robert B. Horwitz, Cambridge University Press, 2001, page 68
- South Africa: Official Yearbook of the Republic of South Africa, Department of Information, 1992, page 131
- The voice, the vision: a sixty year history of the South African Broadcasting Corporation, Malcolm Theunissen, Victor Nikitin, Melanie Pillay, Advent Graphics, 1996, page 127
- SABC 2 (official site)
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