SAE 316L stainless steel
SAE 316L grade stainless steel is the second most common austenitic stainless steel after 304. Its primary alloying constituents after iron, are chromium (between 16-18%), nickel (between 10-12%) and molybdenum (between 2-3%). The addition of molybdenum provides greater corrosion resistance than 304, with respect to localized corrosive attack by chlorides and to general corrosion by reducing acids, such as sulphuric acid.
It is commonly used in chemical and petrochemical industry, in food processing and pharmaceutical equipment, in potable water and wastewater treatment, in marine applications and architectural applications near the seashore or in urban areas.
- Kovack, Curtis. "High Performance Stainless Steels". Nickel Institute.
- The Steel Construction Institute. "Applications for Stainless Steel in the Water Industry". Nickel Institute.
- RE Avery, S. Lamb, C.A. Powell and A.H. Tuthill. "Stainless Steels for Potable Water Treatment Plants". Nickel Institute.
- A.H. Tuthill and S. Lamb. "Stainless Steel In Municipal WasteWater Treatment Plants". Nickel Institute.
- "Guidelines for Nickel Stainless Steels for Marine Environments Natural Waters and Brines". Nickel Institute.
- Houska, Catherine. "Stainless Steel in Architecture, Building and Construction". Nickel Institute.
- American Iron and Steel Institute. "Design Guidelines for the Selection and Use of Stainless Steel". Nickel Institute.