SAIPA

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Saipa Motor Corporation
TypePublic company
TSE: [4] k
ISIN: IRO1SIPA0001
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1965; 56 years ago (1965)
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Key people
Products
RevenueIncrease US$ 7.1 billion (2011)[1]
Owner
Number of employees
48,000 (2012)[2]
SubsidiariesSaipa Diesel
Pars Khodro
Zamyad Co.
SAIPA CITROEN
Websitewww.saipacorp.com

SAIPA (Persian: سایپا‎) is an automaker headquartered in Tehran, Iran. The SAIPAC (an acronym for the French Société anonyme iranienne de production des automobiles Citroën)[3] was established in 1965[4] as with 75% Iranian ownership, to assemble Citroëns under license for the Iranian market. It changed its name into SAIPA (Société anonyme iranienne de production automobile) in 1975[3] when the Iranian state withdrew from the company.[5] Its products in recent years were mostly under-licensed Korean cars and its own engine and range of cars. The chief executive (president or managing director) of SAIPA is Javad Solaimani, predecessor of whom was Mohammadreza Soroush.[6] The main subsidiaries of SAIPA Group are Saipa Diesel, Pars Khodro and Zamyad Co.[7] SAIPA signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Malaysia's Proton to jointly develop a new compact sedan to replace the SAIPA Pride.[8]

Historical models[edit]

SAIPA began by assembling Citroën's two-cylinder mini car, the Dyane, in 1968. It went under the name Jyane (or Jian) in Iran. There was also a glazed panel van version of the Jyane, as well as the Baby-Brousse, a rustic little buggy in the style of a Citroën Méhari but with a metal body.[9] Later, a pickup version of the Jyane also appeared. The Baby-Brousse was built from 1970 until 1979. In 1975 Saipa began manufacturing licensed versions of the original Renault 5 and later the Renault 21. Production of Citroëns ended in 1980.[10]

From 1986-1998 SAIPA built the Z24 pickup, a license-built version of the 1970-1980 Nissan Junior with a 2.4-litre engine. In 1998 SAIPA took over the Zamyad company, which then undertook the production of the Z24. Since 2003, this truck has been sold under the Zamyad brand.[10]

Renault 5 production ended in 1994 (Pars Khodro took over the production lines) and the 21 was discontinued in 1997.[10] In 1993 a relationship with KIA began, and production of the Kia Pride commenced. SAIPA's Pride is marketed under the names Saba (saloon) and Nasim (hatchback). At the 2001 Tehran Motor Show the liftback Saipa 141 was added to the lineup. This is a five-door version based on the Saba and is somewhat longer than the Nasim. The Pride series cars carry 97% local content.[10] From 2001 to late 2010,[11] SAIPA produced the Citroën Xantia under license.[12] Sedan models of the previous generation Kia Rio were assembled using parts imported from Korea from May 2005 to late 2012, when SAIPA lost its license to produce them.[13]

Pars Khodro[edit]

In 2000, SAIPA purchased 51% of Pars Khodro, where it manufactured the Citroën C5.

Since 2018, Pars Khodro has mainly assembled a range of Chinese models, but other products include the SAIPA Renault Pars Tondar,[14][15] an updated locally built version of the first-generation Dacia Logan, which used to be assembled by SAIPA and its subsidiary Pars Khodro in a joint venture with Renault (Dacia's parent company).[16] Originally known as the Renault Tondar 90, the company received over 100,000 orders for the car within a week of it going on sale in March 2007.[17][18]

Production was launched in Venezuela in 2006 and in Syria in 2007.[19]

Models[edit]

Current[edit]

Name Image Introduction
Ario
2007
Saba, Pride

111, 132, 151

2008
Tiba
2009
Tiba 2
2009
Saina
2016
Quick
2017
Shahin
2019
Chang'an Eado 01 China 2012-05-27.JPG
Changan CS35 1.6 Confort 2014 (13918698751).jpg
2010 Kia Forte SX -- 08-21-2009.jpg
Brilliance H230 China 2014-05-01.jpg
Brilliance H220 001.jpg
Dacia Logan L93 ماشین ال نود.jpg
Nissan Junior - Zamyad 24.JPG

Former[edit]

Sepand PK1
Sepand New PK1
Aria and Shahin
Jeep Ahoo and Simorugh
Cadilac Iran (Seville)
Nissan Patrol
Renault Megane
Buick Iran (Skylark)
Chevrolet Nova

History[edit]

In 2000, SAIPA launched its own design, the 701 Caravan minivan, face-lifted in 2003.

In 2002, a lift-back version of the Saba was introduced as the 141. Models 132 debuted in 2007 and 111 in 2009.[19] The Iran-made "SAIPA National Engine 231" was introduced in November 2008.[20]

In December 2008, the Tiba/Miniator debuted the Tiba with a 4-cylinder gas engine and ABS, averaging 7 liters of gasoline per 100 kilometers and putting out 80 PS (59 kW) with a displacement of 1,500 cc. The price quoted at the time of its launch was less than 100 million rials (US$10,000). The car was designed in country and produced with the services of some 122 local manufacturers. 15,000 Tiba were to be produced in 2009. Production over the succeeding three years was to reach 200,000 per year by a new subsidiary, Kashan SAIPA.[21] The Tiba is expected to replace the Kia Pride. The share of Tiba/Miniator in SAIPA's exports will be about 20 percent by 2011.[22][23] The model was originally named Miniator but was later changed to Tiba (gazelle).[24]

In 2012, a pick-up version of the SAIPA Pride was introduced as the 151.[25] Its engine outputs roughly 68 hp and is capable of carrying 460 kg (380 kg with the LPG engine).

A hatchback version of the Tiba (211) was unveiled in 2013 with production beginning in 2014.[26]

In 2015, the company began production of cars derived from Chinese manufacturers.[27] In June 2018, exports of Hirkani and SP100 to India began.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-09. Retrieved 2012-02-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Top 100 Iranian Companies
  2. ^ "ایران‌خودرو و سایپا؛ رکورددار کمترین‌ بهره‌وری‌ در جهان". Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  3. ^ a b "Company Overview of Société anonyme iranienne de production automobile". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  4. ^ "History". SAIPA. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  5. ^ Marie & Étienne Christian (2014). 2CV Citroën - Ses dérivés, Baby Brousse, Dalat, FAF et autres (in French). L'Autodrome Éditions. ISBN 978-2-910434-39-7.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2006-12-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) SAIPA Groups' Subsidiaries
  8. ^ "Proton and SAIPA partner up for budget sedan in Iran". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  9. ^ Hersant, Jacques, ed. (September 1973). Le Salon de l'Auto 1973: Toutes les Voitures du Monde (in French). Paris: l'Auto Journal (14 & 15): 223. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ a b c d World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. 2006. pp. 156–157.
  11. ^ http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/news/119651
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2006-10-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "توقف خط تولید خودرو سواری ریو تا پایان امسال". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  14. ^ "SAIPA Renault Pars Tondar - Autocade". autocade.net.
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ "Renault Pars". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  17. ^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20070311/wl_mideast_afp/iraneconomyautofrance_070311150403
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2014-08-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-13. Retrieved 2017-04-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ [3]
  21. ^ "SAIPA Unveils New Miniator in Iran". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2008-12-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Iran unveils domestic automobile "Tiba"". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  25. ^ "وانت کارا، فرزند تازه پراید - مجله پدال". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  26. ^ http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/03/10/292850/sanctions-perk-up-iranian-car-industry/
  27. ^ corp, Powered by Sofware & Information of Saipa. "Ario". www.saipacorp.com.
  28. ^ "SAIPA Diesel Seeking Foreign Partnership to Expand Production". Financial Tribune. May 31, 2017.

External links[edit]