|Namesake:||Emily Hobhouse was a British humanitarian in South Africa during the Boer War. Umkhonto is the Zulu word for "spear"|
|Owner:||South African Navy|
|Operator:||South African Navy|
|Launched:||19 June 1962|
|Christened:||SAS Emily Hobhouse|
|Commissioned:||26 February 1971|
|Out of service:||2003|
|Renamed:||SAS Umkhonto (1999)|
|Fate:||Decommissioned in 2003 and scrapped in 2008|
|Class and type:||Daphné class|
|Propulsion:||Diesel-electric, two shafts, 1,600 shp|
|Range:||Surfaced: 10,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) at 7 knots (13 km/h)|
|Test depth:||300 metres|
The SAS Umkhonto (S98), formerly the SAS Emily Hobhouse, was the second of three French-built Daphné class submarines ordered by the South African Navy in 1968. Laid down in December 1968 and launched 24 October 1969 and commissioned into the South African Navy under the command of Lt Cdr Lambert Jackson "Woody" Woodburne on 26 February 1971. The submarine was decommissioned in 2003 and scrapped in 2008.
The first ships of the class in the French Navy were named after women, and the South African Navy followed the precedent. The submarine was christened SAS Emily Hobhouse after Emily Hobhouse, the British humanitarian and philanthropist who exposed British concentration camp atrocities in South Africa during the Boer War.
Beginning in 1994, with the end of apartheid and white rule, ships bearing names of noted white South African figures were renamed, and the vessel became SAS Umkhonto. Umkhonto is the Zulu word for spear.
In 1972, the SAS Emily Hobhouse, under the command of Lt Cdr Lambert Jackson Woodburne, landed Special Forces troops, led by Commandant Jan Breytenbach near Dar es Salaam. The Special Forces team placed explosives on a bridge, power lines and targets around town. While making the pickup rendezvous, the submarine snagged a fishing net and sunk the fishing vessel dragging the net.
On 17 February 1982, the SAS Emily Hobhouse was part of a submarine officer commanding course exercise the took place 80 nautical miles (150 km) off Cape Point. Her mission was to pass through the security screen provided by the frigates SAS President Kruger (F150), and SAS President Pretorius (F145) and simulate an attack on the replenishment ship, the SAS Tafelberg, which the frigates were protecting. The heavy seas were causing clutter on the radar screens and the execution of a WWII-era convoy maneuver in the rough seas ended in a collision at 4:23am between the Tafelberg and the President Kruger which resulted in minor damage to the Tafelberg and the sinking of the President Kruger on the morning of 18 February with a loss of 16 lives. The SAS Umkhonto was paid off in 2003 and scrapped in 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to S98 Emily Hobhouse (ship, 1971).|
- Couhat, Jean (Year). Combat Fleets of the World 77. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. ISBN 0-87021-183-8. Check date values in:
- Stiff, Peter (1999). The Silent War. Galago Publishing. pp. 50, 51. ISBN 0620243007.
- SA FRIGATE GOES DOWN. SAS PRESIDENT KRUGER, 4 June 2010. see here; accessed 4 June 2010 (archived by WebCite)
- SAS Assegaai to be preserved as museum, Defenceweb.co.za; accessed 4 December 2013.