SCOFF questionnaire

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"SCOFF" redirects here. For other uses, see Scoff (disambiguation).

The SCOFF questionnaire utilizes an acronym in a simple five question test devised for use by non-professionals to assess the possible presence of an eating disorder. It was devised by Morgan et al. in 1999.[1][2] The original SCOFF questionnaire was devised for use in the United Kingdom, thus the original acronym needs to be adjusted for users in the United States and Canada. The "S" in SCOFF stands for "Sick" which in British English means specifically to vomit. In American English and Canadian English it is synonymous with "ill". The "O" is used in the acronym to denote "one stone". A "stone" is an Imperial unit of weight which is equivalent to 6.35 kg. metric weight and 14 lbs. The letters in the full acronym are taken from key words in the questions:

  • Sick
  • Control
  • One stone (14 lbs./6.5 kg.)
  • Fat
  • Food


One point is assigned for every "yes"; a score greater than two (≥2) indicates a possible case of anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH (2000). "The SCOFF questionnaire: a new screening tool for eating disorders.". West J Med. 172 (3): 164–5. PMC 1070794Freely accessible. PMID 18751246. 
  2. ^ Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH (1999). "The SCOFF questionnaire: assessment of a new screening tool for eating disorders.". BMJ. 319 (7223): 1467–8. doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7223.1467. PMC 28290Freely accessible. PMID 10582927. 
  3. ^ Hill LS, Reid F, Morgan JF, Lacey JH (2010). "SCOFF, the development of an eating disorder screening questionnaire.". Int J Eat Disord. 43 (4): 344–51. doi:10.1002/eat.20679. PMID 19343793. 

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