The SCOFF questionnaire utilizes an acronym in a simple five question test devised for use by non-professionals to assess the possible presence of an eating disorder. It was devised by Morgan et al. in 1999. The original SCOFF questionnaire was devised for use in the United Kingdom, thus the original acronym needs to be adjusted for users in the United States and Canada. The "S" in SCOFF stands for "Sick" which in British English means specifically to vomit. In American English and Canadian English it is synonymous with "ill". The "O" is used in the acronym to denote "one stone". A "stone" is an Imperial unit of weight which made up of 14 lbs (equivalent to 6.35 kg). The letters in the full acronym are taken from key words in the questions:
- One stone (14 lbs/6.5 kg)
- Eating Attitudes Test
- Eating Disorder Inventory
- Body Attitudes Test
- Body Attitudes Questionnaire
- Minnesota Eating Behavior Survey
- Eating Disorder Examination Interview
- Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH (2000). "The SCOFF questionnaire: a new screening tool for eating disorders". West J Med. 172 (3): 164–5. doi:10.1136/ewjm.172.3.164. PMC 1070794. PMID 18751246.
- Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH (1999). "The SCOFF questionnaire: assessment of a new screening tool for eating disorders". BMJ. 319 (7223): 1467–8. doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7223.1467. PMC 28290. PMID 10582927.
- Hill LS, Reid F, Morgan JF, Lacey JH (2010). "SCOFF, the development of an eating disorder screening questionnaire". Int J Eat Disord. 43 (4): 344–51. doi:10.1002/eat.20679. PMID 19343793.