SC Dynamo Berlin

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SC Dynamo Logo.svg

The Sports Club Dynamo Berlin was an East German sports club that existed from 1954 to 1991. It was the largest sports club of SV Dynamo, the sports association of the security agencies. The club was disbanded after German reunification and succeeded by sports club SC Berlin.

Sporting spectrum[edit]

The sports club offered the following kinds of sport in the 1980s: team handball, athletics, gymnastics, cycling, speed skating, racewalking, figure skating, ice hockey, fencing, boxing, and volleyball. The departments in equestrianism, modern pentathlon and parachuting were separated from the sports club in 1956 and merged into the new sports club SC Dynamo Hoppegarten in Hoppegarten. The football department was separated from the sports club in 1966 and reorganized as football club BFC Dynamo. BFC Dynamo eventually became the record champion of the DDR-Oberliga. The judo department was transferred to SC Dynamo Hoppegarten in 1966.

Dynamo-Sportforum[edit]

The Dynamo-Sportforum was a large multi-use sports complex in East Berlin that contained an athletic stadium, a gymnasium, a roller-skating hall, an ice rink, and a velodrome. The Sportforum is still in operation, now used by SC Berlin and BFC Dynamo as well as junior teams of Eisbären Berlin, among several other tenants.

Controversies surrounding the Sports Club[edit]

The case of doping[edit]

Two former SC Dynamo Berlin club doctors, Dieter Binus, chief of the national women's team from 1976 to 1980, and Bernd Pansold, in charge of the sports medicine center in East Berlin, were committed for trial for allegedly supplying 19 teenagers with illegal substances.[1] Binus was sentenced in August,[2] Pansold in December 1998 after both being found guilty of administering hormones to underage female athletes from 1975 to 1984.[3]

The Stasi and Erich Mielke[edit]

The president of SV Dynamo Erich Mielke was also the head of the Stasi from 1957 to 1989.[4] The Stasi was widely regarded as one of the most effective intelligence agencies in the world. The organization had 91,000 staff members and 174,000 unofficial collaborators by 1989.

End of East Germany[edit]

SV Dynamo was dissolved after the Peaceful Revolution. SC Dynamo Berlin was renamed 1. Polizei-Sportclub Berlin on 21 March 1990.[5] Harold Dimke became the president of PSC Berlin. PSC Berlin included departments in boxing, figure skating, speed skating, fencing, handball, judo, athletics, cycling, rowing, swimming, gymnastics, volleyball and judo. The department in judo was taken over from SC Dynamo Hoppeparten as a branch of PSC Berlin in Hoppegarten. The former ice hockey departement of SC Dynamo Berlin became independent as ice hockey club EHC Dynamo Berlin. Both PSC Berlin and EHC Dynamo Berlin were sponsored by the Ministry of the Interior of East Germany.

PSC Berlin was renamed 1. SC Berlin on 23 April 1990. Sports club SC Berlin then emerged as the legal successor to 1. SC Berlin at the turn of the year.[6] Several more departments became independent or joined other clubs. The former men's handball team of SC Dynamo Berlin joined SV Preußen Berlin and formed handball club HC Preußen Berlin.[7][8] The men's volleyball players joined SCC Berlin and the women's handball players joined CJD Berlin.[9] The focus of SC Berlin in the following years was swimming, figure skating and speed skating. Successful swimmers of the club during this period were Steffen Zesner, Daniela Hunger and Ingolf Rasch. Budō athletes of SC Berlin founded a new SC Dynamo Hoppegarten in 1996.

SC Berlin had 2,800 members as of 2021. The club has twelve departments in various sports and has produced numerous Olympic athletes of Germany. The sports club is based in the Sportforum Hohenschönhausen.

Honours[edit]

SC Dynamo Berlin produced numerous well-known athletes, including Christoph Höhne (racewalking), Ilona Slupianek (shot put), Karin Janz (gymnastics), Axel Peschel (cycle racing), Joachim Ziesche and Dietmar Peters (ice hockey), Helga Haase (speed skating), and Barbara Krause (swimming).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New doping charges against East German doctors". BBC News. 25 November 1997. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  2. ^ "East German coaches fined over doping". BBC News. 31 August 1998. Retrieved 11 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Doping of underage athletes in the former GDR (in German)". Schwimmverein Limmat Zürich. 23 March 2000. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
  4. ^ "Ex-Stasi chief dies". BBC News. 25 May 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2008.
  5. ^ Fischer (22 March 1990). "Erster Polizei-Sportclub". Neues Deutschland (in German). Berlin: Neues Deutschland Druckerei und Verlag GmbH. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Satzung des Sportclub Berlin e.V. in der Fassung vom 02. September 2021" (PDF). sc-berlin.de (in German). Berlin: Sportclub Berlin e.V. n.d. Retrieved 1 January 2022. § 1 Name, Sitz und Geschäftsjahr 1. Der Verein trägt den Namen „Sportclub Berlin e.V.“ mit der Kurzbezeichnung „SCB“ und ist Rechtsnachfolger des „1. Sportclub Berlin e. V.“ von 1990.
  7. ^ Boßdorf, Hagen (1 October 1990). "Von Dynamo über'n 1.SC zum HC Preußen". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Berlin: taz Verlags u. Vertriebs GmbH. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  8. ^ Schulz, Jürgen (10 December 1990). "7 Meter vorm Abgrund". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Berlin: taz Verlags u. Vertriebs GmbH. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  9. ^ Kuzia, Ingo (18 February 1991). "Konvertiert!". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Berlin: taz Verlags u. Vertriebs GmbH. Retrieved 2 October 2021.

External links[edit]