PL-12

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For the Australian aircraft, see Transavia PL-12 Airtruk.
PL-12
JF17-10-113-1736.jpg
A model of an export version of the PL-12, SD-10A, (bottom-left corner) with JF-17 on display at the Farnborough Airshow 2010.
Type Medium-range, active radar homing air-to-air missile
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
Used by

People's Liberation Army Air Force

People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force
Specifications
Weight 400 pounds (180 kg)[1]

Operational
range
70–100 kilometres (43–62 mi)[2][3]
Guidance
system
Active radar[4]
Launch
platform

The PL-12 (PiLi-12, 霹雳-12) is an active radar-guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the People's Republic of China. It is considered comparable to the American AIM-120 AMRAAM and the Russian R-77.[4]

Development history[edit]

The first public information of the Leihua Electronic Technology Research Institute's PL-12 - then called the SD-10 - emerged in 2001.[9] Development was assisted by Vympel NPO and Agat of Russia.[10] Liang Xiaogeng is believed to have been the chief designer.[11] Four successful test firings were made in 2004. By 2005, the missile was also known as the PL-12.[10]

Description[edit]

The PL-12 may use the radar and data link from the Russian R-77,[12] or otherwise use systems benefiting from technology transfers from Russia. The missile uses a Chinese rocket motor[9] and airframe.[12] The PL-12 may have a passive homing mode for use against jammers and AEW aircraft.[9]

SD-10[edit]

SD-10A on display with the JF-17 light-weight fighter at the Farnborough International Airshow 2010.

The SD-10 (ShanDian-10, 闪电-10) is the export version of the PL-12. There is also a SD-10B.[8]

Operators[edit]

Map with PL-12 operators in blue

Current operators[edit]

 People's Republic of China
 Pakistan
  • Pakistan Air Force (PAF), 800 ordered.[13]

See also[edit]

Similar weapons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O'Rourke: page 21
  2. ^ Medeiros et al.: page 93
  3. ^ Fisher, Richard D. Jr. (21 February 2010). "The Air Balance on the Taiwan Strait". International Assessment and Strategy Center. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Cliff: page 8
  5. ^ O'Rourke: page 77
  6. ^ Gormley et al.: page 55
  7. ^ Gormley et al.: page 13
  8. ^ a b Jennings, Gareth (4 March 2015). "Bulgaria to be offered JF-17 fighter by Pakistan". janes.com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c Fisher, Richard D. Jr. (2 February 2008). "China's Emerging 5th Generation Air-to-Air Missiles". International Assessment and Strategy Center. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Medeiros et al.: page 92
  11. ^ Fisher, Richard D. Jr. (18 September 2015). "Chief designer reveals data on China's new Luoyang PL-10 AAM". janes.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Fisher, Richard D. Jr. (21 November 2002). "Military Sales to China: Going to Pieces". International Assessment and Strategy Center. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  13. ^ http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
Bibliography