The Super Dimension Fortress One (SDF-1) Macross in Cruiser mode.
|Original Designer||Kazutaka Miyatake|
|Preproduction name||Megaroad / Megaload|
|Operational Mass||18,000,000 t|
|Main Machinery||Overtechnology Macross heat pile system cluster, Overtechnology Macross gravity control system, Overtechnology Macross fold system cluster (lost during maiden voyage)|
|Main Thruster||Overtechnology Macross nozzle cluster|
|Vertical Thruster||Overtechnology main nozzle cluster|
|Vernier Thruster||Overtechnology vernier thrusters|
|Complement||20000; 76000 civilians (reduced to 56000 and then 40000 by attrition)|
|Main Cannons||Overtechnology Macross bow-firing super-dimension-energy cannon with beam polarizing converging system.|
|Auxiliary Cannons||8 Overtechnology guided converging beam cannon systems, 4 high speed 178-cm-diameter electromagnetic rail cannons.|
|Missiles||Main: large automatic anti-ship missile launchers. Auxiliary: various missile emplacements.|
|Variable Vehicles and Other Mecha||212 VF-1 Valkyrie (2009 February 7, 120 VF-1A, 12 VF-1D, 50 VF-1J, 30 VF-1S). 300+ VF-1 Super Valkyrie (2010 February 11). Destroids: 587 Destroids initially stationed on docked SLV-111 Daedalus, including 2 HWR-00-Mk. II Monster, 85 MBR-07-Mk. II Spartan, and approximately 500 MBR-04-Mk. VI Tomahawk (reduced to 440 subsequently). A third HWR-00-Mk. II Monster, 40 ADR-04-Mk. X Defender and over 20 MBR-04-Mk. XII Phalanx built in onboard factory.|
The SDF-1 Macross is a fictional interstellar transforming spacecraft from The Super Dimension Fortress Macross, a science fiction anime series that aired in Japan between 1982–1983. It was later edited and amalgamated into the American animation series Robotech (1985). Mechanical designer Kazutaka Miyatake of Studio Nue created the original SDF-1 design for the first Macross anime series.
In February of 2009, a special event,Macross: The Super Dimension Space Launching Ceremony, was held in Akihabara to commemorate the fictitious launch of the SDF-1 Macross in the original anime series. During the event, toy manufacturer, Yamato, displayed the prototype for a 1/2000 scale replica toy of the SDF-1.
In the fictional Macross anime universe, a massive alien spaceship totaling 1210 meters (3,970 feet), had crashed on the unsuspecting Earth in 1999. It crash landed on South Ataria, a fictional island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is located at the extreme end of the "Ogasawara Island chain". Upon detailed inspection of the wreckage by an international team of experts, it was revealed that the spaceship was manned by giant aliens many times larger than humans and that their technology was far beyond that of Earth at that point in time.
The alien spaceship was revealed to be a war vessel. As a result, humanity realized that there was a real threat beyond Earth. Many believed an international government should be established to unite the world against any potentially hostile aliens. The unification led to a new world war, called the U.N. Wars. Those nations that resisted fought but ultimately lost the battle to remain independent.
The crashed ship was rebuilt to be operated by humans. As workers and their families required accommodation near the work site, a settlement called Macross City flourished around it. During the reconstruction, the gigantic spaceship was given the hull number SDF-1, for "first ship of the Super Dimension Fortress type" and the name "Macross".
In 2009, as the ship, now manned entirely by humans, was preparing for its maiden voyage to seek out alien cultures and promote peace (the initial goal was never to start a fight), giant alien humanoids called the Zentradi suddenly arrived in the Solar System with a force of several hundred ships. They were tasked with the mission of seeking out and destroying the spacecraft.
During the first battle with the Zentradi, the SDF-1 attempted to draw the enemy away from the island, and its civilian population, by using its space-fold capability to travel to the far side of the Moon. There they could rendezvous with U.N. Spacy orbital fleet. However, the space-folding not only transported the ship but also the entire Macross Island and its surrounding sea to the orbit of Pluto. As with the anti-gravity system, the space-fold system was lost after initial use. After rescuing the civilians from the island, the ship underwent a refit from February to March 2009.
In the final episode of the series, the Macross is the target of a kamikaze run by rogue Zentradi Captain Quamzin Kravshera (Khyron in Robotech). His assault does not completely destroy the Macross, but results in severe damage to the ship - including the loss of its main cannon and the Daedalus landing craft. The ship is repaired and refitted. returning to service as UN Spacy's headquarters. The missing Daedalus and remaining Prometheus carrier are replaced by a pair of ARMD-class carriers. The bridge crew also survive almost unscathed (in the Robotech storyline, the crew perish at the end of Khyron's attack, with Lisa Hayes being the sole survivor) and Macross City is evacuated, due to radiation contamination from the attack.
In the American Robotech adaptation, the fictional spacecraft was originally the flagship of an alien scientist named Zor, who was killed as he sent the spacecraft to Earth. A race of aliens called the "Robotech Masters" wants Zor's battle fortress because it holds the Protoculture generator (a fuel source Zor cultivated from the Invid flower that led to further development of the Robotech Masters and Zentraedi technologies that were fundamental to interstellar domination which, in order to maintain them, all depended on the Protoculture fuel source). The Robotech Masters sends the Zentraedi, their army of cloned warriors, to find Zor's ship.
On Earth, there has already been a massive and bloody "global civil war" going on throughout the 1990s when "the visitor" first arrives in 1999. "The Visitor" motivates several of the warring factions to put their differences aside to create the "United Earth Defense Council", which serves as the head of a global military government. After the creation of the UEDC, there are a few minor skirmishes with dissenting nations, but it is not on the scale of the "global civil war" that came before it, nor is it on the scale of the U.N. Wars in the Macross version. After dealing with those minor skirmishes, work proceeds to rebuild "the visitor" which is eventually renamed SDF-1. In Robotech, Macross is the name of the island in the South Pacific that the spaceship crashes on. Hence, in Robotech, Macross City is named after the island it is originally founded on.
In February 2014, Khyron (Quamzin Kravshera in Macross) the leader of the Zentraedi rebellions, attacks Macross City with the intent of destroying the SDF-1. However, the SDF-1 manages to fire a single shot from its main cannon using all of its remaining power and severely damaging Khyron's battle cruiser. Khyron - determined to have his revenge even at the cost of his own life, pilots his ship into a collision course with the SDF-1. The SDF-1, drained of power and unable to move, is damaged beyond repair in the subsequent collision and explosion. The SDF-2, the SDF-1's sister ship which is to be under Commander Lisa Hayes's (Misa Hayase in Macross) command, is also destroyed. (The SDF-2 did not exist in the original Macross storyline of this episode.) Admiral Henry J. Gloval (Bruno J. Global in Macross), Commander Claudia Grant (Claudia LaSalle in Macross), bridge operators Vanessa Leeds, Kim Young, and Sammy Porter (Vanessa Laird, Kim Kabirov Shammy Milliome in Macross) and the rest of the SDF-1's crew are killed in the attack - the only survivor being Commander Hayes, who is ejected by the Admiral himself in the only operational escape pod at the last possible moment. New Macross City became too radioactive to be habitable, and is abandoned. Portions of the SDF-1's radioactive hulk are buried under three gigantic mounds and the city surrounding it is completely leveled, although not before everything that can be salvaged from the wreckage of the three ships is recovered for further use in the rebuilding of Earth and the construction of the SDF-3 Pioneer.
Unknown at the time, a Protoculture matrix is buried within the wreckage of the SDF-1. When the Robotech Masters realize that the Zentraedi have failed to retrieve it, they begin a 15-year journey in their motherships to find it themselves. When they arrive in Earth orbit in 2029, it marks the beginning of the Second Robotech War.
The first toy replica of the SDF-1 Macross was made by Takatoku Toys during the original series' run. It completely resembled its anime counterpart, but with the addition of landing gear on the underside of its ship mode. This toy was imported into the U.S. by Matchbox in 1985 as part of the Robotech line. A smaller version of the SDF-1 Macross toy was imported to the Convertors toy line in the 1980s as a Maladroid character.
In 2007, Wave released a new Macross toy replica under the W.H.A.M.! (Wave High Advanced Model) banner. The 1/5000 scale SDF-1 Macross stood at 9 inches tall in Storm Attacker mode and was designed after its appearance in Macross: Do You Remember Love?. In late-2010, Yamato Toys released a 1/3000 scale replica. Originally, they previewed a larger 1/2000 scale prototype, but due to production costs, the company opted for the smaller size. The 1/3000 toy is the first to feature a miniature replica of Macross City, which is located in the Storm Attacker mode's left leg.
- SDF-2 Megaroad-01 - The successor to the SDF-1 Macross in the Macross universe.
- "Mecha Data". The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Liner Notes. AnimEigo. 2001-12-21. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- Patten, Fred (2004). Watching Anime, Reading Manga. Stone Bridge Press. p. 254. ISBN 1-880656-92-2.
- Mechanic of Macross: SDF-1 Macross. Pages 135-147. Macross Perfect Memory. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, October 10.
- Miyatake, Kazutaka (2005-06-01). Macross and Orguss Design Works (in Japanese). Japan: Mobic. pp. 03–07. ISBN 4-89601-629-7.
- "Software". Macross Compendium. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- NEC PC-Engine Compatible CD-ROM2/Super CD-ROM2 Video Game. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross 2036. NSCD-2007. Nihon Computer System/Masaya. Japan. Y7400. 1992, April 3
- Official Macross Chronology. Page 54. Macross Perfect Memory. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, October 10.
- "Yamato Toymaker Reveals 1/2000 SDF-1 Macross Toy (Updated) - Anime News Network". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
- Sony PlayStation 2 Compatible DVD-ROM Video Game. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross. SLPM-65405. Sega-AM2/Bandai. Japan. Y6800. 2003, October 23
- "Translation & Cultural Notes". The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Liner Notes. AnimEigo. 2001-12-21. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
In real life, the southern tip of those islands is Minami Ioo Jima, otherwise known as South Iwo-jima. Though the island is a good several hundred kilometers from the center of Tokyo, it's considered part of the city and under the Tokyo/Japanese government's jurisdiction.
- Official Macross Chronology: Alien Star Ship 1 (ASS-1). Page 54. Macross Perfect Memory. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, October 10.
- Official Macross Chronology: The U.N. Wars. Page 54. Macross Perfect Memory. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, October 10.
- Official Macross Chronology: SDF-1 "Macross". Page 54. Macross Perfect Memory. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, October 10.
- "Mecha Data". The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Liner Notes. AnimEigo. 2001-12-21. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
After a mysterious alien spaceship crash-landed on Earth in 1999, a worldwide consortium of researchers began to study and reverse-engineer it. The effort led to the ten-year reconstruction of the ship into the flagship of the new United Nations Spacy.
- "Character Notes". The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Liner Notes. AnimEigo. 2001-12-21. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
Bruno J. Global rose through the ranks of the United Nations Forces thanks to his exploits during the Unification Wars. He helmed ships ranging from a naval submarine and space destroyer to the flagship of the infant Spacy: the Macross fortress.
- HobbyLink Japan - 1/5000 W.H.A.M.! SDF-1 Macross (Transformable)
- Macross Class at Macross Wiki
- SDF-1 at Robotech.com