Southeast Asian Games

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Southeast Asian Games
SEA Games logo.svg
The Southeast Asian Games Federation logo
Abbreviation SEA Games
First event 1959 SEAP Games in Bangkok, Thailand
Occur every 2 years ( Every odd years )
Last event 2015 SEA Games in Singapore
Purpose Multi sport event for nations on the Southeast Asian continent
Headquarters Bangkok, Thailand
President Charouck Arirachakaran
Website www.seagfoffice.org

The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. The games is under regulation of the Southeast Asian Games Federation with supervision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Olympic Council of Asia.

History[edit]

The Southeast Asian Games owes its origins to the South East Asian Peninsula Games or SEAP Games. On 22 May 1958, delegates from the countries in Southeast Asian Peninsula attending the Asian Games in Tokyo, Japan had a meeting and agreed to establish a sport organisation. The SEAP Games was conceptualised by Luang Sukhum Nayaoradit, then Vice-President of the Thailand Olympic Committee. The proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help promote co-operation, understanding and relations among countries in the Southeast Asian region.

Six countries, Burma (now Myanmar), Kampuchea (now Cambodia), Laos, Malaya (now Malaysia), Thailand and Vietnam were the founding members. These countries agreed to hold the Games biennially in June 1959 and SEAP Games Federation Committee was formed thereafter.[1]

The first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok from 12–17 December 1959 comprising more than 527 athletes and officials from Thailand, Burma, Malaya (now Malaysia), Singapore, South Vietnam and Laos participating in 12 sports.

At the 8th SEAP Games in 1975, the SEAP Federation considered the inclusion of Brunei, Indonesia and the Philippines. These countries were formally admitted in 1977, the same year when SEAP Federation changed their name to Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF), and the games were known as the Southeast Asian Games. East Timor was admitted at the 22nd Southeast Asian Games in Vietnam.

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games was the first time Laos has ever hosted a Southeast Asian Games (Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games citing financial difficulties). Running from 9–18 December, it has also commemorated the 50 years of the Southeast Asian Games, held in Vientiane, Laos.

Participating countries[edit]

National Olympic Committees Debuted IOC code Other codes used
 Brunei (Brunei Darussalam)
1977
BRU
 Cambodia
1961
CAM
 Indonesia
1977
INA
IHO (1952)
IDN (FIFA)
 Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic) 2009
LAO
 Malaysia
1959
MAS
 Myanmar
1959
MYA
BIR (1948 – 1992)
 Philippines
1977
PHI
PHL (ISO)
 Singapore
1959
SGP
SIN (1959 – 2016)
 Thailand
1959
THA
 Timor-Leste
2003
TLS
IOA (2000)
 Vietnam (Viet Nam)
1959
VIE

Host nations and cities[edit]

Since the Southeast Asian Games began in 1959, it has been held in 15 different cities across all Southeast Asian countries except Cambodia and Timor Leste.

Games Year Host Nation Host City Opened by Date Sports Events Nations Competitors Ref
Southeast Asian Peninsular Games
I 1959  Thailand Bangkok King Bhumibol Adulyadej 12–17 December 12 N/A 6 518 [1]
II 1961  Burma Yangon President Win Maung 11–16 December 13 N/A 7 623 [2]
III 1963 Awarded to Cambodia, cancelled due to domestic political situation
III 1965  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur King Ismail Nasiruddin 14–21 December 14 N/A 6 963 [3]
IV 1967  Thailand Bangkok King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9–6 December 16 N/A 6 984 [4]
V 1969  Burma Yangon President Ne Win 6–13 December 15 N/A 6 920 [5]
VI 1971  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur King Abdul Halim 6–13 December 15 N/A 7 957 [6]
VII 1973  Singapore Singapore President Benjamin Sheares 1–8 September 16 N/A 7 1632 [7]
VIII 1975  Thailand Bangkok King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9–16 December 18 N/A 4 1142 [8]
Southeast Asian Games
IX 1977  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur King Yahya Petra 19–26 November 18 N/A 7 N/A [9]
X 1979  Indonesia Jakarta President Suharto 21–30 September 18 N/A 7 N/A [10]
XI 1981  Philippines Manila President Ferdinand Marcos 6–15 December 18 N/A 7 ≈1800 [11]
XII 1983  Singapore Singapore President Devan Nair 28 May – 6 June 18 N/A 8 N/A [12]
XIII 1985  Thailand Bangkok King Bhumibol Adulyadej 8–17 December 18 N/A 8 N/A [13]
XIV 1987  Indonesia Jakarta President Suharto 9–20 September 26 N/A 8 N/A [14]
XV 1989  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur King Azlan Shah 20–31 August 24 N/A 9 ≈2800 [15]
XVI 1991  Philippines Manila President Corazon Aquino 24 November – 3 December 28 N/A 9 N/A [16]
XVII 1993  Singapore Singapore President Wee Kim Wee 12–20 June 29 N/A 9 ≈3000 [17]
XVIII 1995  Thailand Chiang Mai Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn 9–17 December 28 N/A 10 3262 [18]
XIX 1997  Indonesia Jakarta President Suharto 11–19 October 36 490 10 5179 [19]
XX 1999  Brunei Darussalam Bandar Seri Begawan King Hassanal Bolkiah 7–15 August 21 233 10 2365 [20]
XXI 2001  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur King Salahuddin 8–17 September 32 391 10 4165 [21]
XXII 2003  Vietnam Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải 5–13 December 32 442 11 ≈5000 [22]
XXIII 2005  Philippines Manila President Gloria Arroyo 27 November – 5 December 40 443 11 5336 [23]
XXIV 2007  Thailand Nakhon Ratchasima Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn 6–15 December 43 475 11 5282 [24]
XXV 2009  Laos Vientiane President Choummaly Sayasone 9–18 December 29 372 11 3100 [25]
XXVI 2011  Indonesia Jakarta and Palembang President SB Yudhoyono 11–22 November 44 545 11 ≈5000 [26]
XXVII 2013  Myanmar Naypyidaw Vice President Nyan Tun 11–22 December 37 460 11 4730 [27]
XXVIII 2015  Singapore Singapore President Tony Tan 5–16 June 36 402 11 4370 [28]
XXIX 2017  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur TBA 19–31 August Future event
XXX 2019  Philippines Davao City and Tubod Future event
XXXI 2021  Vietnam Hanoi Future event
XXXII 2023  Cambodia Phnom Penh Future event
XXXIII 2025  Thailand TBA Future event


Sports[edit]

A host nation must stage at least a minimum of 22 sports. For each sport and event, a minimum of four member-country must participate to be included in the SEA Games. Sports competed shall not offer more than 5% of total medal tally, with the exception to athletics, aquatics, and shooting. Two compulsory sports (Category 1); athletics and aquatics must be stage in every SEA Games edition, in addition to a minimum of 14 sports from Category 2 and a maximum of 8 sports from Category 3. According to SEAGF Charter and Rules, sports competed in Olympic Games and Asian Games must be given priority or preference.[1]

Sport Years
Archery 1977–1997, since 2001
Arnis 1991, 2005
Athletics All
Badminton All
Baseball 2005–2007, 2011
Basketball 1979–2003, 2007, since 2011
Billiards and snooker Since 1991
Bodybuilding 1987–1993, 1997, 2003–2007,
2013
Bowling 1977–1979, 1983–2001,
2005–2007, 2011, since 2015
Boxing All
Canoeing 1985, 1995, 2001, 2005–2007,
2011–2015
Chess 2003–2005, 2011–2013
Chinlone Since 2013
Contract bridge 2011 only
Cricket 2017 only
Cycling 1959-1979, since 1983
Dancesport 2005–2009
Diving Since 1965
Equestrian 1983, 1995, 2001, 2005–2007,
since 2011
Fencing 1974–1978, since 1986
Field hockey 1971–1979, 1983, 1987–1989,
1993–2001, 2007, since 2013
Figure skating 2017 only
Fin swimming 2003, 2009–2011
Floorball 2015 only
Football All
Futsal 2007, 2011–2013, 2017
Golf 1985–1997, 2001, since 2005
Gymnastics 1979–1981, 1985–1997,
2001–2007, 2011, since 2015
Handball 2005–2007
Ice hockey 2017 only
Indoor hockey 2017 only
Judo 1967–1997, 2001–2007, since 2011
Karate 1985–1991, 1995–1997,
2001–2013, 2017
Kenpō 2011–2013
Sport Years
Lawn bowls 1997, 2001, 2005–2007, 2017
Modern pentathlon Never
Muaythai 2005–2009, 2013, 2017
Netball 2001, since 2015
Paragliding 2011 only
Pencak silat 1987–1989, 1993–1997,
since 2001
Pétanque Since 2001
Polo 2007, 2017
Roller sports 2011 only
Rowing 1989–1991, 1997, 2001–2007,
2011–2015
Rugby union 1969, 1977–1979, 1995, 2007
Rugby sevens Since 2015
Sailing 1961, 1969–1971, 1975–1977,
1983–1997, 2001, 2005–2007,
since 2011
Sepak takraw 1967–1969, since 1973
Shooting All
Short track speed skating 2017 only
Shuttle cock 2007–2009
Sport climbing 2011 only
Softball 1981–1983, 1989, 2003–2005,
2011, 2015
Soft tennis 2011 only
Squash 1991–2001, 2005–2007,
since 2015
Swimming All
Synchronized swimming 2001, 2011, since 2015
Table tennis All
Taekwondo Since 1985
Tennis 1959–2011, since 2015
Traditional boat race 1993, 1997–1999,
2003–2007, 2011–2015
Triathlon 2005–2007, since 2015
Volleyball 1959–1997, since 2001
Vovinum 2011–2013
Water polo Since 1965
Water skiing 1987, 1997, 2011, since 2015
Weightlifting 1959–1997, 2001–2013
Wrestling 1987, 1997, 2003–2013
Wushu 1991–1993, 1997, since 2001

All-time medal table[edit]

With reference to the official data of the Olympic Council of Asia.[2]

No. Nation Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Thailand (THA) 28 2089 1736 1736 5661
2  Indonesia (INA) 20 1714 1558 1580 4852
3  Malaysia (MAS)1 28 1104 1123 1526 3753
4  Philippines (PHI) 20 894 1041 1295 3230
5  Singapore (SGP) 28 828 881 1191 2900
6  Vietnam (VIE)4 21 771 730 829 2330
7  Myanmar (MYA)5 28 545 705 909 2159
8  Laos (LAO) 19 66 87 267 420
9  Cambodia (CAM)3 14 47 88 192 327
10  Brunei (BRU) 18 11 41 132 184
11  Timor-Leste (TLS) 5 3 5 18 26
Total
  • 1 – Competed as Malaya in the inaugural games until 1961.
  • 2 – The Republic of Vietnam was dissolved in July 1976 when it merged with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to become the Socialist Republic of Vietnam also known as Vietnam. Therefore, the medal counts for this country are considered to be as until 1975. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is not using codes for South Vietnam any more after unifying with North Vietnam.
  • 3 – Competed as Cambodia, Kampuchea, and Khmer Republic.
  • 4 – In the 1989 edition, a unified Vietnam rejoined the games with new name and new flag. Medals made by South Vietnam are already combined here. See table tally above for South Vietnam.
  • 5 – Competed as Burma until 1987.

Criticism[edit]

The games is unique in that there are no official limits to the number of sports which may be contested, and the range may be decided by the organising host pending approval by the Southeast Asian Games Federation. Albeit for some core sports which must be featured, the host is also free to drop or introduce other sports. The strategy to maximise the medal yield and advantage for host country has been a major problem for Southeast Asian Games that being carried out by the host country.

This leeway has resulted in hosts maximising their medal hauls by dropping sports which are disadvantages to themselves relative to their peers, and the introduction of obscure sports, often at short notice, thus preventing most other nations from building up credible opponents. Some examples of these include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "South East Asian Games Federation: Charter and Rules" (PDF). SEAGF. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "South East Asian Games Medal Count". Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Sports. "VietNamNet - SEA Games or a village festival | SEA Games or a village festival". English.vietnamnet.vn. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  4. ^ HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). "Cambodia eye record medal haul". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 

External links[edit]