SEPTA PCC II

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SEPTA PCC II
Route 15 PCC.jpg
SEPTA PCC car 2334 on the Route 15.
Manufacturer St. Louis Car Company, rebuilt by Brookville Equipment Company
Constructed 1947
Refurbishment 2002-2004
Fleet numbers 2320-2337
Capacity 46 (103 including standees, 40 with two wheelchairs) → 'crush'-load: 134 max.
Operator SEPTA
Depot(s) Callowhill and Elmwood
Line(s) served Route 15: 63rd-Girard to Richmond-Westmoreland
Specifications
Car length 46.5 feet (14.2 m)
Width 8 feet (2.44 m)
Height 11 feet (3.35 m)
Doors 2
Maximum speed 40 mph (64 km/h)
Weight 37,400 lb (16,964 kg) / 53,000 lb (24,040 kg)
(empty/full)
Traction system 4 × 48 hp or 36 kW continuous, 4 × 55 hp or 41 kW one hour (rating)
Power output 50 kW (67 hp)
Acceleration max. 4.3 MPHPS = 1.9 m/s²
Deceleration max. 9.0 MPHPS = 4.0 m/s² -- service 3.6 MPHPS = 1.6 m/s²
Electric system(s) 600 VDC Overhead
Current collection method Trolley pole
Braking system(s) Combined Regenerative and Rheostatic
Track gauge 5 ft 2 12 in (1,588 mm) Pennsylvania Trolley Gauge

The PCC II is a series of upgraded PCC streetcars used by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for its Route 15-Girard Avenue.

Background[edit]

See also: SEPTA Route 15

In the 1980s, SEPTA was in the process of upgrading its Subway–Surface Trolley Lines, replacing its fleet of PCCs with new light rail cars. Some lines, such as Routes 60, 50, 53, and 6 were converted to buses, while Routes 23, 56, and 15 continued to use PCCs into the 1990s. In 1992, SEPTA ended streetcar service on these three lines as well. In response to public outcry over the conversion, SEPTA stated that the suspension of these lines' streetcar service was temporary, and that they would be restored in 1997. However, during this time little was done to restore the lines, and as 1997 approached, it became clear that SEPTA had no immediate plans to restore streetcar service to these lines.[1]

In September 1997, at a City Council hearing, Jack Leary, SEPTA's general manager at the time, announced plans to restore streetcar service to only one of the three lines, Route 15.[2] The initial proposal was to purchase twelve low-floor articulated light rail cars, to make some existing railcars available for the line. However, this was found to be prohibitively costly, and the decision was made instead to rehabilitate older cars for the service. To this end, SEPTA sent eighteen of its retired PCC cars to the Brookville Equipment Company to be rebuilt, with another six to be used for parts.

SEPTA PCC II cars, shortly after entering service on Route 15.

The first of the rebuilt cars debuted on September 9, 2003,[3] and Route 15 was planned to open little under a year later. However, the line remained closed for another year due to disputes with local residents on 59th Street, over parking on the street. During this time, the cars remained stored in the Callowhill depot, although they were occasionally used for special charters on the Subway-Surface routes. The cars finally entered service on September 4, 2005. Unlike the light rail cars used on SEPTA Routes 10, 11, 13, 34, and 36, the PCC II cars operate exclusively on Route 15.

Design[edit]

PCC II car at Richmond and Westmoreland loop.

Essentially, the PCC II is a completely new car built within an old PCC car's shell. All new motors and brakes based on the PCC B3 truck design have been installed, as well as new air-conditioning units. The cars feature control consoles resembling those of SEPTA's light rail cars, as well as revised interiors with reused seats from retired buses. The rear doorway has been widened and features a wheelchair lift, thus making the PCC IIs the first (and as of this writing, the only) streetcars operated by SEPTA to be ADA-accessible.

The cars are painted in a unique green, red, and cream livery, nearly identical to that of the PCC cars of SEPTA's predecessor, the Philadelphia Transportation Company, as well as featuring a modified "wing" logo, which features the SEPTA "S" symbol in place of the "P-T-C" lettering.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Szilagyi, Mike. "Philadelphia Trolley Tracks: Route 15 / Girard Avenue". Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  2. ^ Szilagyi, Mike. "Philadelphia City Council Trolley Hearing". Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  3. ^ Monaghan, Bill. "Girard Avenue Route 15". Retrieved 2012-01-14.