S-F Magazine began publication with the February 1960 issue, which appeared in bookshops in December 1959. The magazine was established by Masami Fukushima. It was also first edited by him. He was the editor for nearly a decade, being succeeded by Masaru Mori in 1969. At first the magazine published translations of English language science fiction stories. Later the magazine began publishing original fiction by Japanese authors.
It became a bimonthly publication from the April 2015 issue.
S-F Magazine has conducted Hayakawa's S-F Magazine Reader's Award (SFマガジン読者賞 Esuefu Magajin Dokusha Shō?) where the magazine’s readers vote annually for best foreign short story, best Japanese short story and best illustrator from their issues in the previous year since 1989.
- Brian Aldiss
- J. G. Ballard
- Greg Bear
- Samuel R. Delany
- Greg Egan
- Bruce Sterling
- James Tiptree, Jr.
- Cordwainer Smith
- Kurt Vonnegut
- Michael Ashley (2007). Gateways to Forever: The Story of the Science-fiction Magazines from 1970 to 1980. Liverpool University Press. p. 420. ISBN 978-1-84631-003-4. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- David Seed (9 June 2008). A Companion to Science Fiction. John Wiley & Sons. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-470-79701-3. Retrieved 16 September 2016.