Number of employees
|Website||Sidor Web Page|
Siderúrgica de Orinoco C.A. "Alfredo Maneiro" (Sidor) is the biggest Venezuelan steel corporation. The company is situated in an industrial zone in Ciudad Guayana, Bolívar State, near the Orinoco River.
Major iron deposits were found in the area in 1926 and 1947. Mining companies constructed rail infrastructure to take iron ore to ports on the Orinoco river. The Sidor plant was designed to make use of hydro-electricity from the Caroni, a tributary of the Orinoco, to process iron ore which had been hitherto exported.
It was renationalised in mid-2008 under Hugo Chávez following a series of industrial disputes over pay which had paralysed the company for over year. In early 2009 compensation of around $1.65bn was nearly agreed for the nationalisation of Ternium's 59.7% stake, with Ternium also keeping a 10% stake in the company. In May 2009 a final compensation total of $1.97bn was agreed.
According to Venezuelanalysis.com, Bolívar governor Francisco Rangel Gómez, while on the negotiation commission to resolve the dispute, "ordered the National Guard to fire on protesting Sidor workers." In April 2008 Hugo Chavez ordered SIDOR to be nationalised. Production went down from 4.3 millon tons in 2007 to 307 thousand tons in 2016, production capacity being 4.6 million tons.
- Venezuela nationalizes steel industry, CNN, May 1, 2008
- Reuters, 26 April 2008, Venezuela says Ternium Sidor stake worth $800 mln
- Reuters, 30 January 2008, Thousands strike at Venezuela's Sidor steel
- Business News Americas, 20 January 2009, Ternium agrees to receive Sidor payment in two installments - Venezuela
- Venezuelanalysis, 8 May 2009, Venezuela and Ternium Reach Final Compensation Agreement for SIDOR Steel Plant
- Venezuelanalysis.com, 26 July 2009, Venezuela: Class Struggle Heats up over Battle for Workers’ Control
- Venezuelanalysis.com, 16 April 2008, Venezuelan Labor Minister Dismissed
- María Ramírez Cabello (22 January 2017). "Sidor operó en 2016 a 6% de su capacidad instalada". Correo del Caroní (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 March 2017.
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