|Headquarters||Newington, New Hampshire, United States|
|Products||Handguns, rifles, ammunition, electro-optics, airguns, suppressors, shooting accessories|
|Owner||Lüke & Ortmeier Holding Gruppe|
Number of employees
|Parent||L & O Holding Gruppe|
There are two SIG Sauer companies. The original company is SIG Sauer GmbH is a firearms manufacturer and importer. It had been formed as a partnership between Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft of Switzerland and J.P. Sauer & Sohn of Germany. It is a subsidiary of Lüke & Ortmeier Gruppe (L&O Holding), which also owns Swiss Arms AG.
A separate company named SIG Sauer was founded in the USA in 1985 with the name Sigarms (until October 2007) to import and distribute SIG Sauer firearms into the United States. Since 2000 SIG Sauer Inc has been organizationally separate from manufacturer SIG Sauer GmbH.
SIG no longer has any firearms business. This was sold to L&O Holding Gruppe and was renamed Swissarms.
L&O Holding Gruppe consists of:
- J.P. Sauer & Sohn
- Swissarms Inc.
- SIG Sauer, Eckernförde, Germany
- SIG Sauer, Exeter, New Hampshire
- Blaser Jagdwaffen GmbH
- Mauser Jagdwaffen GMBH
Schweizerische Waggon Fabrik
The origins of the SIG Sauer company lie in the company named Schweizerische Waggon Fabrik or Swiss Wagon Factory (in English) which was founded in 1853 by Friedrich Peyer im Hof, Heinrich Moser and Johann Conrad Neher. In 1860, a state-of-the-art rifle of their creation won a competition by Switzerland's Federal Ministry of Defense, resulting in the award of a contract to produce 30,000 Prelaz-Burnand rifles. The Prélaz-Burnand 1859 was invented by gunsmith Jean-Louis Joseph Prélaz and an army officer Edouard Burnand and adopted as rifle M1863 (15,566 made by SIG).
Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG)
Upon receiving the contract to produce rifles the company name was changed to Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG), German for "Swiss Industrial Company" (in French regions of Switzerland was known as Société Industrielle Suisse). reflecting the new emphasis on their production.
SIG produced other firearms and pioneered the first automatic rifle, the Mondragón Rifle, which was produced by SIG between 1908 and ~1910.
The SIG P210 pistol was developed in 1937 based on the French Model 1935 pistol (The Petter-Browning Design was licensed). It was adopted by the Swiss military in 1949 as the "Pistole 49". This single-action semi-automatic P210 brought SIG much acclaim, due to the precision manufacturing processes employed in its manufacture and its resultant accuracy and reliability. The P210 frame design incorporates external rails that fit closely with the slide, thus eliminating play in the mechanism during firing. The P210 was noted for its extreme accuracy. The Petter-Browning patent which was a refinement of the Browning Hi-Power (P35) which was John Moses Browning's last design which was created for, but not adopted, the French 1935 pistol.
There are now two SIG Sauer companies, one in New Hampshire, USA and the other in Eckenforde, Germany. Since its creation in the USA, all new SIG Sauer designs presented by this company have been designed in the USA.
Sauer & Sohn
In the 1970s SIG developed a new and highly efficient type of production machinery, then referred to as an Automatic Screw Machine. This allowed SIG to produce handguns at a major cost reduction with very high precision of parts fitting.
SIG began work on designing a handgun that would take advantage of the new production efficiency. Where the P210 had been a very expensive premium quality firearm SIG would now be able to produce a similar handgun at very low production cost. To this end the design of the P210 was simplified for efficient production on SIG's equipment.
A new design of firearm was created in response to the Swiss Military and Police requirement for a handgun to replace the P210. The new design was based on the Petter-Browning design but was simplified. It should properly be called the SIG Sauer System, which is in fact the labeling on one of the first SIG Sauer handguns. A modified SIG Sauer P220 design was produced for the Browning Arms company in 1977. On the right side of the slide are the words "SIG Sauer System". This was the first SIG Sauer P220 type sold in the USA. When the sales of the Browning BDA ceased in 1980 the P220 was sold in its own form.
Swiss law limits the ability of Swiss companies to export firearms. Swiss companies who wish to do this have to do so by using a foreign partner. In the case of SIG they chose the German firm of J.P. Sauer & Sohn. In partnering with Sauer, SIG also combined their expertise in firearms design.
The Sauer 38H had been produced in competition with other German makers such as Mauser and Walther at a time with new designs began to feature a double/single action trigger. The Double Action trigger mechanism combined with the advanced safety features including the hammer lowering decocking lever, were contributed by Sauer to the new P220 design.
SIG Sauer's line of handguns began in 1975 with the SIG Sauer SIG P220. Prior to World War II, Sauer had been primarily a maker of shotguns and hunting rifles. During the war, they produced a handgun, the Sauer 38H, but afterwards had withdrawn from this market. With SIG as their partner/owner, Sauer returned to the business of manufacturing handguns.
SIG Sauer Inc.
In January 1985 SIGARMS was established in Tyson's Corner, Virginia where the handgun models P220 and P230 were imported into the USA from SIG Sauer in Germany. Two years later the firm moved to a larger facility in Herndon, Virginia and introduced models P225, P226, and P228.
SIGarms moved to Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1990 where Production facilities had been established and production began on the P229 in 1992.
The parent company, SIG Sauer GmbH, is a subsidiary of manufacturing firm L&O Holding, which also owns Swiss Arms AG which was formerly a division of Sig Holding AG. Since 2000 SIG Sauer Inc has been organizationally separate from manufacturer SIG Sauer GmbH.
SIGarms, and its European sister companies, J.P. Sauer & Sohn, Blaser USA, Mauser Jagdwaffen GmbH, and Swiss Arms were bought by Michael Lüke and Thomas Ortmeier in October 2000. In 2007 SIGarms changed its name to SIG Sauer.
Ron Cohen, SIG Sauer's president and chief executive officer joined the privately held firm in 2004. Born in 1963 and of Israeli ancestry, Ron Cohen studied at Technion – Israel Institute of Technology and served in the Israeli Defense Forces. Cohen was a commander of a combat unit between 1979 and 1984. In 2004, according to Cohen the company was near failure, with just 130 employees. Cohen decided to add AR-15-pattern rifles to the company's product mix, which he credits with saving the company. By 2016, it had over 1,000 employees and was selling more than 43,000 firearms a year. SIG Sauer is the largest of the five sisters companies and one of the largest firearms manufacturing entities in the world.
- Browning BDA (A version of the P220 in 9mm, 38Super, .45 ACP is the first SIG Sauer handgun to be sold in the USA. Not to be confused with the smaller .380 Browning BDA, manufactured by Beretta.)
- SIG Sauer P210 (Originally a SIG model now revived by SIG Sauer)
- SIG Sauer P220
- SIG Sauer P224
- SIG Sauer P225-A1
- SIG Sauer P226 (US Federal Air Marshals, British SAS)
- SIG Sauer P226 MK25 (adopted by Navy SEALs, US Coast Guard)
- SIG Sauer P227
- SIG Sauer P228 (adopted by the US Military as the M11 Pistol)
- SIG Sauer P229 (adopted by the US Secret Service)
- SIG Sauer P230
- SIG Sauer P232
- SIG Sauer P238
- SIG Sauer P239
- SIG Sauer P245
- SIG Sauer P250
- SIG Sauer P290
- SIG Sauer P320 (selected by the US Army as the M17 MHS)
- SIG Sauer P556
- SIG Sauer P938
- SIG Sauer GSR
- SIG Sauer 1911
- SIG Sauer Mosquito
- SIG Sauer Pro series (includes SP 2009, SP 2022 and SP 2340)
US Modular Handgun System bid
The U.S. military has produced a requirement for a new handgun to replace the current M9 model (Beretta 92FS). In February 2016, bids were submitted by 12 companies to compete for this contract which was expected to result in purchases of more than 500,000 pieces. As of July 1, 2016, SIG Sauer was reported to be one of three remaining competitors who were in consideration for this contract. On January 19, 2017, SIG Sauer was awarded the contract.
- "About Us : Overview".
- http://www.guns-review.com/innovaeditor/assets/SigSauerMCX_516/founders_5.jpg Photo of Founder
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- Kapella, Jürgen. "Swiss Arms: Startseite".
- Ayoob, Massad (14 May 2014). Gun Digest Book of SIG-Sauer. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-1-4402-3920-5.
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- Ayoob, Massad (29 May 2012). Massad Ayoob's Greatest Handguns of the World. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media. pp. 237–238. ISBN 978-1-4402-2877-3.
- Ramage, Ken (19 November 2008). Guns Illustrated 2009. F+W Media, Inc. p. 30. ISBN 0-89689-673-0.
- "SIG SAUER Inc.".
- "This is how SIG Sauer cashed in on selling assault rifles". Newsweek. 27 June 2016.
"It was a company on the verge of bankruptcy and about two seconds away from imploding," company CEO Ron Cohen recalled in a 2010 profile in Management Today. Then, Cohen made a swift decision that would save the company and turn it into the No. 4 gun manufacturer in America: He turned the company’s sites onto "AR-style" assault rifles that would be marketed to civilians.... In 2004 the company had a mere 130 employees. ... A decade later it sold 43,141 guns in a single year and today has more than 1,000 employees in manufacturing facilities across the country.
- "Military / Federal Government -> Overview".
- "SIG-Sauer P226 - Development and Operational History, Performance Specifications and Picture Gallery".
- "The Top Three Contenders For The U.S. Military's XM17 Modular Handgun System Contract - Bearing Arms - APX, Beretta, Detonics Defense, Modular Handgun System, P320 MHS, Sig Sauer, STI". 1 July 2015.
- "After 10-year effort, Army selects new pistol makerI". CNN.com. 19 January 2017.