SIG Sauer P210
|SIG P210, now SIG Sauer P210|
Swiss Army P210
|Place of origin||Switzerland|
|Used by||See Users|
|Designed||1947 as SP47/8|
|Manufacturer||SIG Sauer formerly SIG|
|Produced||1949–2005 , 2017-Present|
|No. built||~350,000 all variants|
|Mass||970 g (34 oz)|
|Length||215 mm (8.5 in)|
|Barrel length||120 mm (4.7 in) (P210-5)|
.22 Long Rifle
|Action||Short Recoil Operated|
|Feed system||8-Round Detachable Box Magazine|
|Sights||Fixed Iron sights; adjustable in target variants|
The SIG P210 (Swiss Army designation Pistole 49) is a locked breech self loading, semi-automatic pistol designed and manufactured in Neuhausen am Rheinfall (Canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland) by SIG. The former SIG P210 model is now the SIG Sauer P210.
It is of all-steel construction chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum and 7.65×21mm Parabellum. It was used from 1949 to 1975 by the Swiss army and police units. It was also adopted and is still in service with the Military of Denmark (as M/49 Neuhausen or simply Neuhausen), in 1951 by the German Bundespolizei and in shooting sports.
The pistols were decommissioned and replaced by the SIG Sauer P220 (Swiss Army designation Pistole 75) which was designed as a replacement for the SIG P210 by the newly formed SIG Sauer company in 1975. The SIG Sauer P210 was made by SIG Sauer, GMBH in Eckenforde, Germany and was exported to SIG Sauer of New Hampshire until recently when it was announced that SIG Sauer in New Hampshire will produce the SIG Sauer P210 in Exeter, N.H. in the United States beginning in 2017.
The design was derived from Charles Petter's Modèle 1935A pistol. In 1937, SIG acquired a license for the Petter-Browning system from SACM in order to develop a replacement for the Luger Parabellum 06/29, which had been in service since 1900. Apparently not satisfied with the Petter Browning design or the changes they had made to it, SIG evaluated no less than 11 prototypes from 1942 through 1944. Selbstladepistole Neuhausen model 44/16 pistol production began in 1944. Some of the original Petter Browning features had been retained, specifically the self-contained firing and recoil systems. The Neuhausen 44/16 had a magazine capacity of 16 rounds.
Development was slowed by the Second World War. After testing various experimental models (such as the aforementioned 44/16 with a double column magazine), the 47/8 model was adopted in Oct 1948 as the Pistole Modell 1949 and (SP47/8) for civilian market. Some previous series were tested by Swedish sport shooters and by the Danish army (Danish Defence designation Pistol M/1949). In 1957, the civil designation (SP47/8) was definitively changed to P210 according to the company nomenclature policy.
The 47/8 model supported easy change of the barrels between 7.65 and 9mm Parabellum and a kit to convert to .22 caliber. See Table.
|44/8||44/16||Mod. SP 47/8||Mod. SP 47/8||Mod. SP 47/8|
|Cartridge||9mm Parabellum||9mm Parabellum||9mm Parabellum||7.65mm Parabellum||.22Cal|
|Overall Length||215mm (8 1/2“)||215mm (8 1/2“)||215mm (8 1/2“)||215mm (8 1/2“)||215mm (8 1/2“)|
|Barrel Length||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")|
|Sight Radius||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")||120mm (4 3/4")|
SIG M/1949: Usually called only Neuhausen in Denmark, this is the 47/8 model purchased for the Danish military and issued version for officers, military police, and special forces, chambered in 9mm Luger. This is the standard sidearm in the Danish military, though heading on nearly 60 years of continuous use; the SIG M/49 is being replaced with the SIG Sauer P320 X-5 Carry, but still in service as main pistol in the Danish military.
Serial numbers starting with a P were made for private use. Those that start with an A are the property of the Swiss army. Those that start with a D belongs to the Bundesgrenzschutz issues. Those that have a P added to the rear of a serial number that starts with an A have been sold by the Swiss army to civilians. A stamped "P" (="privat") on the front of the trigger guard shows that a weapon was left as a gift to the owner upon leaving the Armed Services. Danish and German P210s have their own special serial numbers.
SIG P210, 1st series, on display at Morges military museum
- Denmark: used by the Danish Defense Force as m/49.
- Kazakhstan: since 2007.
- Latvia: used by the Latvian National Guard.
- Monaco: used by the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince.
- Switzerland: used by the Swiss Military and various police forces.
- "SHOT Show 2017: SIG Sauer P210 Target Pistol". americanrifleman.org. americanrifleman.org. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- Mathis, Howard J (1973). Firearms Identification. Springfield, Ill., USA: Charles C Thomas. p. 646. ISBN 0-398-02355-7.
- Pistol Archived 7 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 14 October 2010 (in Danish)
- Wiener, Friedrich (1987). The armies of the NATO nations: Organization, concept of war, weapons and equipment. Truppendienst Handbooks Volume 3. Vienna: Herold Publishers. p. 428.
- "Регистрационный номер: 3.1/001 Пистолет служебный SIG P-210"
Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан № 1305 от 28 декабря 2006 года "Об утверждении Государственного кадастра гражданского и служебного оружия и патронов к нему на 2007 год"
- Giletta, Jacques (2005). Les Gardes Personnelles des Princes de Monaco (1st ed.). Taurus Editions. ISBN 2 912976-04-9.
- Armbruster, Erwin, & Werner Kessler (ed.). Begegnungen mit einer Legende—SIG SP 47/8 / P 210. Kessler Waffen AG, 2007. (in German) Sample
- Doebeli, Hans P. Die SIG-Pistolen. Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag, 1981. ISBN 3-87943-739-4. (in German)
- Vetter, Lorenz. Das große Buch der SIG-Pistolen. Dietikon-Zürich: Stocker-Schmid, 1995. ISBN 978-3-7276-7123-4. (in German)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SIG P210.|
- Description of Pistole 49, official Swiss Army webpage
- SIG P210 history and design features
- SIG P210 parts and variations
- SIG P210 serial numbers
- SIG P210-2 disassembly/reassembly
- Commemorative Confederatio Helvetica 1291-1991 for the 700th Swiss Confederation anniversary