SKY (universities)

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Locations of 'SKY' universities

SKY is an acronym used to refer to the three most prestigious universities in South Korea: Seoul National University, Korea University, and Yonsei University.[1] The term is widely used in South Korea, both in media and by the universities themselves.[2][3]

In South Korea, admission to one of the SKY universities is widely considered as determining one's career and social status.[4][5] Many of South Korea's most influential politicians, lawyers, physicians, engineers, journalists, professors, and policymakers (bureaucrats) have graduated from one of the SKY universities.

Members[edit]

Institution Type Location Established Academic staff Undergraduate enrollment Postgraduate enrollment Rankings
ARWU World (2022)[6] THE World (2022)[7] QS World (2023)[8] THE Asia (2022)[9] QS Asia (2022)[10]
Seoul National University Public (National) Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 1946 2,130
(2019)[11]
16,556
(2019)[11]
11,228
(2019)[11]
98 54 29 8 18
Korea University Private Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 1905 1,442
(2019)[12]
21,165
(2019)[12]
8,592
(2019)[12]
201–300 201–250 74 27 13
Yonsei University Private Sinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 1885 1,682
(2019)[13]
19,087
(2019)[13]
11,229
(2019)[13]
201–300 151 73 21 16

History[edit]

National recognition[edit]

In 2010, it was reported that 46.3% of high government officials and 50% of CEOs of major financial industries were graduates of SKY universities.[14] Also, over 60% of the students who passed the 2010 Korean Bar examination were graduates of SKY universities.[15] Being admitted in one of these universities typically requires students to be within the top 1% of the Korean College Scholastic Ability Test[citation needed].

Concerns[edit]

There have been a number of SKY university students who have dropped out of school to protest against South Korea's overheated academic elitism.[16]

In popular culture[edit]

  • SKY Castle, a 2018–2019 JTBC Friday-Saturday prime time drama, explores the employment of coordinators by parents who wishes their children to enter one of the three colleges, which sometimes does not come without consequences.
  • In the visual novel game Mystic Messenger, main character Yoosung Kim is a student at a school dubbed "SKY University".

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asia Times Online :: Korea News and Korean Business and Economy, Pyongyang News". December 4, 2005. Archived from the original on 2005-12-04.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ New York Times, "A Taste of Failure Fuels an Appetite for Success at South Korea’s Cram Schools" [10]
  5. ^ *"Life and death exams in South Korea" by James Card, Asia Times Online, November 30, 2005, retrieved December 18, 2005.
  6. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2022". Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  7. ^ "World University Rankings 2022". 25 August 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  8. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2023". Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2022". 1 June 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  10. ^ "QS Asia University Rankings 2022". Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "Facts". Seoul National University. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "About KU". Korea University. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Yonsei at a Glance". Yonsei University. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  14. ^ "금융권 CEO 출신대학..서울대>고려대>연세대 順". news.naver.com.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-01. Retrieved 2013-08-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ Kim (김), Gyeong-su (경수) (2011-11-17). 명문대 줄잇는 ‘공개 자퇴’ 왜?. 파이낸셜뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-11-20.