KF Tirana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from SK Tirana)
Jump to: navigation, search
KF Tirana
KF Tirana Logo
Full name Klubi i Futbollit Tirana
Nickname(s) Bardh e blu (The White and Blues)
Founded 16 August 1920 ; 94 years ago
Ground Selman Stermasi Stadium
Tirana, Albania
Ground Capacity 12,724[1]
President Refik Halili
Head Coach Shkëlqim Muça
League Albanian Superliga
2014–15 Albanian Superliga, 4th
Website Club home page
Current season
Active branches of KF Tirana
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg
Football (Men's) Football (Women's) Football (B team) Football (Youth)
Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg
Futsal Basketball Volleyball (Men's) Volleyball (Women's)

KF Tirana is an Albanian football club based in the country's capital city, Tiranë. The men's football club is part of the multi-disciplinary sports club SK Tirana, and is the most successful in Albania, having won 49 recognized major trophies. They play their home games at the Qemal Stafa stadium and the Selman Stërmasi Stadium in Tiranë and they compete in Albania's highest tier of football, the Albanian Superliga.

The club was founded on 16 August 1920 as Shoqata Sportive Agimi, which translates to the Agimi Sports Association, and they have since participated in all the top tier national championships ever held in Albania, making them the only club in Albania to have never been relegated.[2] They have competed under the name of SK Tirana between 1927 and 1947, before renaming to 17 Nëntori Tirana, Puna Tirana and KS 17 Nëntori, which was the name of the club until 1991 when it was divided into two branches, the multi disciplinary SK Tirana and the football branch of KF Tirana.

KF Tirana is also the most successful Albanian team in European competitions, having progressed from the first rounds on 11 occasions since making their European debut in the 1965–66 European Cup. The club also holds the record of being the highest ever ranking Albanian club according to IFFHS, having been ranked 31st in the world in 1987, as a result of the success in their 1986-87 campaign. KF Tirana is also an ECA member.[3]

History[edit]

1911 tournament[edit]

Although still an unofficial event in Albanian footballing history, in 2012 historians revealed what is believed to be the first ever competitive football tournament in the country which took place in Fier between the 7th and 14 April 1911. The tournament featured 8 teams and was played in a one-legged format, similar to that of other European competitions at the time. Shallvarexhinjte of Tirana was represented what is believed to be the predecessor of KF Tirana, and in their first game on 7 April 1911 against Elbasani they won 9-4 to progress to the semifinals, where they defeated Kavaja 4-0 to reach the final. The final was held on 14 April and was contested between Tirana and Peqini, and ended 6-1 to Tirana, making them Albania's first ever champions, although this is still not officially recognised by the Albanian Football Association.[4]

Early years (1920–1929)[edit]

On 16 August 1920, shortly after Tiranë became the capital city of Albania, patriot and football enthusiast Palok Nika along with A. Erebara, P. Jakova, A. Hoxha, Anastas Koja, P. Berisha, Avni Zajmi, H. Fortuzi, B. Pazari, L. Berisha, S. Frasheri, H. Alizoti, A. Gjitomi and V. Fekeci founded the Agimi Sports Association, who took its name from the Agimi building in the centre of Tiranë where they would hold meetings near to. The club was formed as a multi disciplinary one, but the emphasis on football was far greater than that of other sports. In October of the same year the club played its first ever football match at Shallvare in the centre of Tiranë against Juventus Shkodër, which was a selection of players from Bashkimi Shkodran, modern day Vllaznia Shkodër.

In 1925 the association's governing council was elected and its members were Avni Zajmi, Selman Stërmasi, B. Toptani, Irfan Gjinali and Anastas Koja. Shortly after in the same year, the club played its first international match against Yugoslav team Crnogorac Cetinje from Montenegro. On 16 August 1927, which was the seventh anniversary of the formation of the Agimi Sports Association, Stërmasi, Erebara, Zajmi and Koja changed the club's name to Sportklub Tiranë, which would be commonly referred to as SK Tiranë.[5]

Domestic dominance (1930–1937)[edit]

The first picture of the KF Tirana Squad

With the formation of the Albanian Football Association on 6 June 1930 came the first officially recognised football competition held in Albania, which was the 1930 National Championship, of which SK Tiranë had enrolled in. The club's reached the championship final after winning 5 games, drawing 4 and losing just one, to finish joint top along with Skënderbeu Korçë, albeit with a slightly better goal difference. The championship final games were due to be played on 26 June and 6 July respectively, but Skënderbeu Korçë forfeited both games by refusing to play which was a sign of protest against the bias of the competition and the Albanian Football Association towards the SK Tiranë. The club were awarded both games 2-0, thus crowning them the first champions of Albania who's winning team consisted of Rudolf Gurashi, Abdullah Shehri, Irfan Gjinali, Xhelal Kashari, Vasil Kajano, Gjon Sabati, Llazar Miha, Mark Gurashi, Bexhet Jolldashi, Shefqet Ndroqi, Isuf Dashi, Adem Karapici, Hysen Kusi, Mustafa Begolli, Hilmi Kosova, Emil Hajnali, Rexhep Maçi and Selman Stërmasi as player-manager. Maçi and Hainali were also won the inaugural golden boot for being the joint top goal scorers with 3 goals apiece.[6] As multi-disciplinary club, this was the second national championship that was won, as the athletics team had won the national championship a year earlier in 1929.

The following season the club introduced former Fenerbahçe goalkeeper Vasfi Samimi into the team, who had represented Sportklub Vlorë the previous season, who also joined with other new players who were Sabit Çoku, Muhamet Agolli and Halim Begeja. The Albanian Football Association decided to alter the format of the championship as they divided the teams into two groups, with SK Tiranë being placed in Group A along with Sportklub Vlorë and Bashkimi Shkodran. They played four games, winning two, drawing one and losing one, to finish top of the group level on points with Bashkimi Shkodran but still won the group due to a superior goal difference. The club met Group B winners Teuta Durrës in the championship final, who they drew 1-1 to at home at Shallvare in a notable game. SK Tiranë had opened the scoring and taken the lead through a Mark Gurashi goal, before Teuta Durrës' goalkeeper Niko Dovana instructed one one of the forwards to cover for him in goal as he went to play as a forward, and with a shot on goal he scored and equalised. His goal led to mass media coverage, with many Albanian football fans fascinated by the sight of the goalkeeper playing as a forward and scoring. SK Tiranë complained to the Albanian Football Association on the grounds that a registered goalkeeper cannot play as an outfield player,[7] but these complaints were not heard and the second leg of the tie was played a week later on 5 July 1931 in Durrës, which SK Tiranë won comfortably 3-0 to win 4-1 on aggregate and to regain the National Championship.

The Albanian Football Association once again changed the format of the championship and opted for a five team league format, where every club would play each other twice and the winner would be decided by who finished top of the league, and not a championship final. SK Tiranë went unbeaten throughout the season, with five wins and three draws to their name, including emphatic 6-0 wins over Urani Elbasan and Teuta Durrës respectively and a 9-2 away win once again against Urani Elbasan. The club were crowned Albanian champions for a third consecutive season, which further cemented their place in history as the first club to dominate football in Albania.

The 1933 National Championship proved to be less fruitful for the club, as they missed out on a fourth consecutive title, finishing in a disappointing third place out of six, behind Bashkimi Shkodran and the winners Skënderbeu Korçë.[8] However, they bounced back firmly in the 1934 National Championship, finishing five points ahead of runners-up Skënderbeu Korçë in a seven team format. They won a total of ten games out of twelve, which included 9-0 wins over Teuta Durrës and Bashkimi Elbasanas respectively, as well as an 8-0 win over Sportklub Vlorë, with Mark Gurashi being named the top goalscorer with 12 goals.[9] The following year there was no official competition held by the Albanian Football Association, so only friendly games were played.

In 1936 the National Championship returned and SK Tiranë regained their title with a two-point difference between them and runners-up Vllaznia Shkodër.[10] The ethnic-Albanian forward from Yugoslavia Riza Lushta was the top goalscorer with 11 goals scored in the campaign. The following season the club once again won the National Championship, with Vllaznia Shkodër coming in second place, and Riza Lushta being named the top goalscorer, this time with a record 25 goals.[11] This was the last pre-World War II competition held by the Albanian Football Association as there was no championship held in 1938 and World War II broke out in 1939.

Interwar period (1939–1944)[edit]

In 1939 following the Italian invasion of Albania, a national football tournament was held which featured eight of the country's best clubs at the time, of which SK Tiranë was part of. Under the fascist rule of the Victor Emmanuel III, who was the king of the Albanian Kingdom, sports activities in the country were revamped in order to mirror the systems in place in Italy. Giovanni Giro, who was a loyal trustee of the Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano, was in charge of organising the first football competition under Victor Emmanuel III which was called Turneja Kombëtare E Footbollit Për Ndeshjet E Trofeut Të Liktorit, which translates to the National Tour of Football for the Matches of the Lictor Trophy. In the first round of the tournament, SK Tiranë met Dragoj Pogradeci who they defeated 7-0 in the first leg, with Zyber Lisi opening the scoring in the 7th minute before Naim Kryeziu netted 5 goals in the 8th, 35th, 68th, 81st and 89th minutes, with Zyber Lisi finding the net once again in the 85th minute. SK Tiranë starting formation in the game consisted of previous championship winners Rudolf Gurashi, Sllave Llambi, Foto Janku, Hasan Maluçi, Hasan Balla, Zyber Lisi, Haki Korça, Naim Kryeziu and Mark Gurashi. They defeated Dragoj Pogradeci in the second leg to win 9-0 on aggregate and reach the semifinals against Skënderbeu Korçë, which was played on 6 August 1939. Mark Gurashi scored the opening goal of the game within 10 minutes, as SK Tiranë went on to win 3-0 and reach the final against Vllaznia Shkodër on 30 September. The final was played at the Shallvare in Tiranë, in the presence of many important figures in the National Fascist Party as well as important Albanian nobleman and figures which included Eqrem Vlora, Aleksandër Xhuvani, Anton Harapi, Dhimitër Beratti and Karl Gurakuqi.

The ruling fascist regime organised a similar competition the following year in 1940, this time in a group format where teams were divided into two groups based on geography location. Two of the club's most important players who had come from Kosovo had left Albania for Italy to join Bari and Roma respectively. They met Vllaznia Shkodër on 17 March in a memorable game which ended in a 2-2 draw, and where the fans left the ground at Shallvare following two stoppages due to players and staff fighting. The game had started positively with Skënder Gjinali opening the scoring in the 10th minute for Vllaznia, following an assist by Frederik Shkjezi. Vasif Biçaku then equalised four minutes later, before Zyber Lisi gave Sportklub Tiranë the lead in the 40th minute from a Skënder Begeja cross. However, Vllaznia levelled the scores just 60 seconds later through Met Vasija, following a combination of Muç Koxhja, Loro Boriçi and the goalscorer Vasija. On 31 March they met Elbasani at Shallvare in a thrilling game which saw the home side go 3-0 down through goals by Progri, Shefqet Lamçja and Kasapi in the 30th, 48th and 56th minute respectively. Sportklub Tiranë then scored a free kick through Vasif Biçaku in the 60th minute, to begin a comeback which saw three goals in three minutes, before Zyber Lisi scored the winner in the 85th minute. The rest of the campaign did not prove to be fruitful as Vllaznia finished top of the group ahead of Sportklub Tiranë and reached the championship finals, where they defeated Skënderbeu Korçë 11-1 on aggregate to win their first national championship, albeit one that is not recognised.

There was no competition held in 1941 but on 21 April of the same year, the foreign ministers of Italy and Germany met in Vienna and concluded that most of Kosovo should join Albania to become what was known as the Kingdom of Albania under Victor Emmanuel III. In 1942 the national championship was held with the inclusion of three clubs from Kosovo, which were Prizreni, Peja and KF Prishtina. These clubs from Kosovo competed in the northern section along with the reigning champions Vllaznia Shkodër, and Sportklub Tiranë competed in the new middle section group and the southern clubs competed in their own group. In a bizarre ruling, only players born between 1921 and 1925 were allowed to participate in the competition, meaning that only players between the ages of 17 and 22 were allowed to play. However, this rule was not followed by most clubs and senior players did participate in the competition. Another rule was that all participants had to members of one of the youth fascist groups, but this was merely a formality as many players who were anti-fascist competed. Tirana defeated Elbasani 5-1 and drew 1-1 with Teuta Durrës to reach the semi final against Prizreni which was played in Tiranë over two legs on 26 and 27 June. During the first leg, Zyber Lisi opened the scoring through a 21st minute penalty before doubling the lead just 7 minutes later. Former SK Tirana player Skender Gjinali then scored for Prizreni on the 30th minute before Hasani equalised on the 81st minute and sent the game to extra time, but a winner could not be decided while led to a replay the following day. The scoring in the replay was opened by Akil Derani on the 17th minute, with Zyber Lisi scoring a minute later to make it 2-0 to the SK Tirana. Skender Gjinali scored a conciliation goal for Prizreni in the 76th minute but they could not equalise, and SK Tirana reached the final against Shkodra on 29 June. The final was played at the Shallvare and Shyqyri Bylyku opened the scoring for SK Tirana in the 65th minute before Pali equalised in the 90th minute. Italian referee Michele Carone then asked both sides to play extra time of two 15 minute halves but Shkodra refused to continue play without a concrete reason, although it has been suggested that the darkness was one of the reasons. Two days after the final had been played the match was awarded 2-0 to SK Tirana along with the title.[12][13]

The club won two out of the three National Championships that were held during World War II, with the other championship being won by Vllaznia Shkodër in 1940. The AFA finally made a decision in February 2013 that, according to them, although AFA admits the WWII Championships have indeed been played correctly and rightfully, are not legitimate and won't be recognized since they weren't organized by the AFA, but by the Fascist regime.[14]

Postwar period (1944–1957)[edit]

Following the end of World War II, Albania fell in the hands of the socialist dictator Enver Hoxha, and footballing activities resumed as they had done before the war under the guidance of the Albanian Football Association. The first championship held was in 1945 and Tirana were placed in Group B along with a short lived Communist military team under the name of Ylli, Bashkimi Elbasanas, Skënderbeu Korçë, Apolonia Fier and ShqiponjaGjirokastër. Tirana eased through to reach the finals, after finishing top of the group with 16 points, 7 wins, 2 draws and one loss. In the first led of the finals on 23 December Tirana met Vllaznia Shkodër, who they lost 2-1 to, but Vasif Biçaku's late goal gave Tirana some hope for the second leg on 26 December. Vllaznia won the second leg 2-1 once again, with Tirana's only goal coming from a Besim Fagu penalty. Vllaznia won what is officially recognised as their first title, in a season where Loro Boriçi was the top goalscorer.[15] Despite a relatively successful season which saw the club finish as runners-up, they would quickly become victims of the ruling Communist regime under Enver Hoxha's dictatorship. In early March 1946 at the Nacional movie theatre in Tiranë, the ruling Communist Politburo had instructed the club to change its name to 17 Nëntori in honour of the Liberation of Tirana which took place on 17 November 1944. In the following decade, the club was subject to appalling treatment by the Communists, and this was highlighted by the creation of a privilege system for the newly created Communist backed teams Partizani Tirana and Dinamo Tirana.

The following decade would unroll in the same suffocating atmosphere, becoming even heavier after the foundation of two system-privileged teams that would follow the experiences of their sisters in the former USSR, former Yugoslavia, and the other eastern European countries: Partizani, the Defense Ministry team and Dinamo, the Internal Affairs Ministry team. Dozens of Tirana’s talented players were "convinced", against their will, to play for either Partizani or Dinamo. As a result "17 Nentori" struggled to stay at the top during the years 1947–1957, however the team managed to gain some of the lost groung during the second part of the 50's after replacing in part some of the first choice players of its line up.

1958–1970[edit]

From 1958 to 1964 Tirana kept on producing some good football and finishing the championship almost always at the third spot. These years were a prelude to what was about to happen later: Tirana reexperienced its pre-war glory spell under the services of the unforgettable coach Myslym Alla. At the end of the 28th national championship Tirana became champions of Albania more than twenty years after their last title.

Championship of 1966–67[edit]

The team repeated the success the year after, but this was an obvious challenge to Partizani's generals and Dinamo's secret service bosses. After having practically won the 1966–1967 title three matches in advance, Tirana was banned from the competition and the title was assigned to Dinamo.[16][17]

After this, Tirana won the championship two years in a row in style, losing only two matches in 1968 and only one during the 1969–1970 season.[18]

1970s and 1980s[edit]

In 1974, The communist regime did everything in order to help the club not to be relegated. During the seventies Tirana struggled hard to stay at the top, the best result being the second place and the worst the thirteenth. Yet the club won the national cup twice. The generation of older players came to the end of their careers and this could only mark the end of a highly successful era. However the unsuccessful spell would not last long this time. Tirana won the championship at the end of the 1981–1982 season, and they went on to win the title three other times during the eighties, in 1984–1985, 1987–1988, and 1988–1989 and the Albanian Cup in 1983, 1984, and 1986. The club was also successful in the European club competitions and many of the team players made up the core of the best Albania the country had ever had.[citation needed]

1990s and 2000s[edit]

During the first half of the nineties KF Tirana (which in August 1991 regained its old name), likewise the whole Albanian society, went through a period of profound changes. Almost all the best Albanian players left the country and went abroad looking for a richer team who could hire them. But it seems that the club simply could not stand being too long from the leading spots. Thus at the end of the 1994–1995 season, K. F. Tirana once again won the championship five matches in advance with 12 points ahead of the second placed team. During the recent years Tirana has dominated the Albanian football by winning 10 out of the last 18 Albania's championships.[19]

Recent seasons and the present[edit]

Utrecht-KF Tirana

Between years 1993 - 2007 Tirana completed another significant feat, still unmatched from any other Albanian club; their end-of-season ranking never dropped from 2nd place within 14 consecutive seasons. 9 championship trophies and 5 runner-ups were achieved during this period, as well as 6 Cups and 7 Supercups were added in club's palmares.

Even though KF Tirana has dominated in nearly last three decades, since 2007 club have displayed instability in management, which has also reflected in the results. Several factors have affected negatively the presentation, not only in the domestic competitions, but also the international appearances. Here is a summary of Tirana's recent years performance:

Recent years[edit]

Following a successful 2006–07 campaign which saw the club win the Albanian Superliga comfortably, KF Tirana began to struggle and they kicked off the season with two losses in the Champions League against Slovenian side NK Domžale meaning they were knocked out in the second qualifying round. Despite winning the Albanian Supercup in the next game against Besa Kavajë, the club had a difficult start to the season, as they won only one of their opening 8 games. They did regain some form and managed to reach third spot, but they ended the season poorly and ultimately finished 6th, their worst finish since 1993. In the Albanian Cup they defeated Butrinti Sarandë, KF Laçi, Kastrioti Krujë and KF Elbasani to reach the final against Vllaznia Shkodër, which they lost 2–0 as they failed to save their season. The 2008–09 season proved to be successful as the club won the Albanian Superliga title for the 24th time, officially, and they also reached the final of the Albanian Cup, but instability in terms of the ownership of the club was still present and the following season would prove so as they went trophy-less as they finished third in the league and were knocked out in the quarter final of the Albanian Cup. During the 2010–11 season there were major controversies off the field, as there was an ongoing dispute between the club's chief and president, which lead to a delay in paying the players' wages and even some players not receiving their wages. The results on the field were also largely negative, and there were three head coached throughout the campaign, as Sulejman Starova, Nevil Dede and the Croatian Mišo Krstičević all being in charge of the squad at some stage during the 2010–11 campaign which saw the club finish 5th. They did however do well in the cup, as they defeated local rivals Dinamo Tirana on penalties in the final as they won the Albanian Cup and earned a spot in the Europa League qualifiers for the following season. However, due to late preparations that included a delay in signing new players and appointing a head coach, the club failed to reach the second qualifying round as they were knocked out by Slovakian side FC Spartak Trnava.[20]

Despite winning the 2011 Albanian Supercup, KF Tirana had another difficult season, and on 12 October 2011 the Municipality of Tirana city council voted through a unanimous decision to change the status of the club from a municipality owned to a shareholder own one, under the name KF Tirana Sh.A, with the municipality of Tirana initially holding a 100% stake in the club but with the possibility of any future private sponsors and donors to own stocks in the club.[21] On the field they won the Supercup and Cup despite major financial setbacks caused by the change in status. Spanish coach Julián Rubio led the side to two out of three trophies during the 2011–12 campaign, and they finished third in the league despite major departures just before the start of the season and players not receiving their wages on time. The club sold their main striker Bekim Balaj to Sparta Prague ahead of the new season, and they failed to bring in quality players in time for their Europa League run, which saw them defeat modest CS Grevenmacher from Luxembourg, before being knocked out by Norwegian side Aalesunds FK. They won the Supercup in their next game, but they lost their Spanish head coach Julián Rubio due to a contract disagreement,[22] and they appointed former accomplished KF Tirana player Artur Lekbello as head coach, but he struggled in charge and after a poor start to the season he handed in his resignation after just 42 days. The technical director Alban Tafaj took charge as interim coach as he had done previously, before Nevil Dede returned to the club, who guided them to a disappointing 5th spot. Dede, intending to use younger players as the basis for the future, presented a project to the club's board and was eventually offered a two year contract, but the 2013–14 began in turmoil as players had gone unpaid due to the Tirana city council's failure to sell club assets.[23] The situation on the field was heavily disrupted by off field troubles, and the squad was made up only 10 players with little experience just weeks before the start of the season, before three wealthy local businessmen took charge of the club to provide much needed short term investments. Ndriçim Babasi was appointed president, whilst former president Refik Halili and Lulzim Morina were also co-donors during the 2013–14 season, and they were able to bring in some new players ahead of the season. Despite the collective efforts of Babasi, Halili and Morina to build a squad days before the start of the season, the club made a poor start to the campaign which led to the departure of head coach Dede, who was replaced by Alpin Gallo, who himself lasted only 5 games before being fired. The board opted for an experienced head coach and hired Gugash Magani, who was given the task of avoiding relegation, which is something the club had never experienced. Magani succeeded in keeping the club up as they finished 6th in what is considered to be one of the worst seasons in the club's history.

On 26 June 2014 the Tirana city council approved a proposal to give private donors a 66% stake in the club's assets for the next 18 years, which at the time fell in the hands of Refik Halili and Lulzim Morina, which enabled such donors to invest in players, facilities and youth teams.[24] Ahead of the 2014–15, head coach Magani and the rest of the back room staff with the backing of Refik Halili aimed to put together a squad capable of winning the league for the first time since 2009. They were title challengers in a highly competitive season, as Skënderbeu Korçë, FK Kukësi and Partizani Tirana all invested generously in their squads to be able to compete for the title, which eventually went to Skënderbeu Korçë for the fifth time in a row, as KF Tirana failed to carry on their good form in the closing stages of the season and ultimately finished fourth. FK Kukësi lost the final of the Albanian Cup to KF Laçi which meant that KF Tirana also failed to qualify for the Europa League, thus ending the season trophy-less and failing to qualify for Europe. During the winter break major investments were made in the training facilities at the Skënder Halili Complex as well as the Selman Stërmasi Stadium, with the latter being reconstructed as the club sought to return to the stadium permanently the following season. Magani left the club at the end of the season, and former coach Shkëlqim Muça replaced him, who's only task was to win the Superliga title.

Grounds[edit]

Shallvare (1920–1946)[edit]

The club's first home ground was the Shallvare, located in the centre of Tiranë nearby the existing Shallvare block, which they acquired prior to their formation in 1920. The also field served as an amusement centre for the youth of Tiranë to enjoy, and it was a popular gathering place where various games were played during religious holidays.[25][26] Before its use as a football ground the site was use by the Ottoman garrison as a playground, and in 1916 it served as a runway for the Austrian-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops. The club played their first game at the Shallvare in 1920 against a team made up of the occupying Austrian-Hungarians. In 1925 there were changing rooms built at the ground, and in the early 1930s there was an athletics track built around the football pitch. The administrator of the ground was the football referee, Besim Hamdiu (Qorri), who only had one assistant in the maintenance of the ground.

The ground did not have a main stand or seating area for spectators, but rather a two storied building that was constructed in 1923 by a member of parliament Masar Kelliçi. The building stood 50 metres away from the football pitch and was located in line with the middle of the pitch, with its balcony facing the field and the Dajt mountains. The ground was also used for other sporting events as well as military parades, one of which the president and later king Ahmet Zogu attended in 1927. The ground was destroyed in 1951 and Soviet–style apartment blocks were built onto of it instead.

Qemal Stafa (1946–2014)[edit]

The home ground of KF Tirana is Selman Stërmasi Stadium, which is shared with city rivals Dinamo Tirana and Partizani Tirana. However, most derby and significant matches are played at the national team's Qemal Stafa Stadium; the stadium is also used if the Selman Stërmasi Stadium is unavailable as it is used by three different teams. The club has expressed its desire to rebuild the current Selman Stërmasi Stadium into a modern complex with around 15,000 to 20,000 season. They want it to be Albania's first modern post-Communism stadium without an athletic track around the field, which they hope will provide more atmosphere and attract more fans. However, it has not yet been decided when this will be built but it is rumoured to be the club's 100th anniversary present in 2020.[27]

Selman Stërmasi (1956–present)[edit]

KF Tirana plays most of its official and friendly games at the Selman Stërmasi Stadium in Tirana. The Selman Stërmasi Stadium was built in 1956 and was previously named the 'Dinamo' Stadium till 1991 when it was permanently given its new name. The Football Association of Albania and the club decided to name the stadium post mortem after the eminent KF Tirana player, coach and president, Selman Stërmasi.

The stadium has a capacity of 12,500 (6000 seated) and on December 2014 started another phase of reconstruction, involving a new pitch, central main covered stand, central fans stand including two extra rows extension, broken or missing seats replacements/repairs, interior facilities, general lineaments and a shopping centre just under central seated. The internal facilities include general repairs, a press conference room, journalists' corner and modern showers. The side fans stands will temporary be shut and covered by advertising boards. It is still unclear when will stadium lighting and scoreboard be fitted.[28]

The main parking area is located at the front of the stadium, which leads to the entrance. The whole external part of the stadium is surrounded by a 2.7 M (9 ft) rail fence.[29]

Skënder Halili Complex[edit]

The club's training ground is called the Skënder Halili Complex and it is located off of Rruga e Kavajës, near the Birra Tirana factory. The training complex was posthumously named after Skënder Halili, who was one of the club's most notable associates, both during his playing career and after. The complex features a full sized natural grass football pitch, as well as a smaller astro turf fan along with dressing rooms used by senior team as well as some of the youth teams. In December 2014 work began on both the Skënder Halili Complex and the Selman Stërmasi Stadium in order to fully renovate these grounds to be used by the club, and at the training ground the training facilities were all improved which included the dressing rooms and even the single stand that holds a small number of spectators for those wishing to attend training sessions and even occasional friendlies that are played at the ground.[30]

Supporters[edit]

Tirona Fanatics
Tirona fanatics.gif
Tirona Fanatics's Logo
Established 2006
Type Football Supporters Trust
Club KF Tirana
Motto Born in 1920, still great![31]
Headquarters Tirana,  Albania
Affiliations Tifozat Kuq e Zi
Website www.tirona-fanatics.com

The club's main supporters group are called the Tirona Fanatics, who were officially formed on 8 January 2006 in order to unite all fans of KF Tirana in the capital, the rest of Albania and even abroad where their fans may live.[32][33][34][35]

The name of the fan club is written in the distinct dialect of Tirana as it is colloquially pronounces Tirona instead of Tirana. The supporters are considered to be one of the most organised and powerful fan clubs of any sport in Albania.

The fan group relies on membership fees being paid by its members for funding. They prepare and organise themselves in advance of home and away games, have self-established funds, their own logo, and all the required equipment commonly used by football supporters during matches.

The fans most numerous away trip abroad include trips to Trnava and Grevenmacher, and regularly attend Albania National Football Team matches. Since its creation, the membership number has noted a constant increase.

Friendships[edit]

Tirona Fanatics are in close cooperation with the Kosovan group Plisat of FC Prishtina, and Macedonian group Shvercerat of FK Shkupi.

Rivalries[edit]

The fans have three main rivals. Vllaznia Shkodër, one of the oldest derbies in the country, with the matches between them called the All-time Albanian derby. The other rivalries are the Tirana derbies with Dinamo Tirana and Partizani Tirana.

Players[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 1 July 2015

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Albania GK Stivi Frashëri
2 Albania DF Dritan Smajli
5 Albania DF Entonio Pashaj (4rd captain)
6 Albania DF Erjon Dushku
7 Albania MF Jetmir Sefa
8 Albania MF Ervin Bulku (captain)
9 Albania FW Grend Halili
10 Albania FW Mario Morina
13 Albania MF Erando Karabeci (vice-captain)
14 Kenya MF Francis Kahata
16 Austria DF Ronald Gërçaliu
17 Albania MF Gjergji Muzaka
18 Albania MF Dorian Kërçiku
No. Position Player
19 Albania DF Erion Hoxhallari
20 Albania DF David Domgjoni
21 Albania DF Olsi Teqja
22 Albania GK Marsel Çaka
23 Kosovo MF Argjend Malaj
24 Albania MF Gilman Lika
26 Albania MF Afrim Taku (3rd captain)
27 Bulgaria DF Martin Kavdanski
28 Albania DF Endrit Idrizaj
29 Kosovo MF Allush Gavazaj
31 Albania GK Edvan Bakaj
99 Japan FW Masato Fukui

Current youth players with first-team experience[edit]

As of 20 July 2015

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
21 Albania MF Hanc Llagami
- Albania MF Majkell Peci
- Albania GK Ditmar Shehri
44 Albania FW Senad Sallaku
No. Position Player
- Albania DF Admir Merdosti
- Albania MF Fjoralb Deliaj
25 Albania MF Marlind Nuriu

International players[edit]

Retired numbers[edit]

12 – Since the 2014–15 Albanian Superliga season, Tirona Fanatics of the Selman Stermasi Stadium, as a sign of recognition towards the fans who sit in the Tirona Fanatics , considered the 12th man in the pitch.

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Albania GK Xhino Sejdo (to KF Adriatiku Mamurrasi)
Albania GK Terenc Mema (to KF Bulqiza)
Kosovo DF Lapidar Lladrovci (to KosovoKF Feronikeli)
Albania DF Mario Roshi (to Kastrioti)
Albania DF Markeliano Tabaku (to FC Eagles)
4 Albania DF Gentian Muça (to FK Kukesi) *
No. Position Player
Albania DF Albert Doda (to KF Valbona)
Albania MF Devi Rrokaj (to FC Internacional Tirana)
Albania MF Donald Muça (to KS Egnatia)
Albania MF Mateos Cake (to Sopoti Librazhd)
Albania FW Ergys Sorra (to Dinamo Tirana)

Reserves and academy[edit]

For the reserve and academy squads, see KF Tirana Reserves and Academy

KF Tirana B[edit]

Main article: KF Tirana B

Former players[edit]

For details on former players, see Category:KF Tirana players.

Honours[edit]

KF Tirana is the most successful and decorated club in Albania, having won a record total of 49 major trophies, which includes 24 league titles. The club has earned 2 league stars as they have won over 20 titles, as well as a star for the Albanian Cup and Albanian Supercup for having won these trophies at least 10 times each.

Domestic[edit]

*Including the Championships which are awaiting to be officially recognized from AFA.

International[edit]

Runners Up (1)1981.

Records[edit]

Domestic[edit]

  • Biggest ever home league victory: KF Tirana – KS Flamurtari 11:0 (05.07.1936)
  • Biggest ever home league defeat: KF Tirana – KS Vllaznia 0:6 (1947)
  • Biggest ever away league victory: KF Elbasani – KF Tirana 2:9 (12.06.1932)
  • Biggest ever away league defeat: KS Besa – KF Tirana 7:1 (1992)
  • Most league appearances: Albania Elvis Sina (419)
  • Most league goals: Albania Indrit Fortuzi (152)
  • Most points in a season: 84 (2004–05)
  • Least points in a season: 7 (1940)
  • Most wins in a season: 26 (2004–05)
  • Least wins in a season: 3 (1931, 1933, 1940, 1942)
  • Most ties in a season: 15 (1974–75)
  • Least ties in a season: 0 (1939, 1946)
  • Most losses in a season: 13 (1972–73, 1976–77, 1991–92)
  • Least losses in a season: 0 (1932, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1942)
  • Best Goal Differential: +66 (1936)
  • Worst Goal Differential: -5 (1972–73)

Europe[edit]

  • Biggest ever European home victory: KF Tirana – Malta Sliema Wanderers 5:0 (27 September 1989)
  • Biggest ever European home defeat: KF Tirana – Croatia NK Croatia Zagreb 2:6 (24 July 1996)
  • Biggest ever European away victory: Belarus FC Gomel – KF Tirana 0:2 (14 July 2004)
  • Biggest ever European away defeat: Norway Aalesunds FK – KF Tirana 5:0 (26 July 2012)
  • Most European appearances: Albania Elvis Sina (31)
  • Most European goals: Albania Indrit Fortuzi (10)

KF Tirana Statistics in Albanian Superliga[edit]

Since the Kategoria superiore began in 1930, KF Tirana have played 1853 Superliga matches, scored 3104 goals and conceded 1672. The club has collected so far 2649 points, won 973 games, drawn 472 and lost 408. The club's goal difference is +1432 and the winning difference is +565.[36]

Historical Goals Wins Draws Losses +/-Goals +/- Wins Points Matches
TOTAL 3104-1672 973 472 408 +1432 +565 2749 1853

Data correct up to the end of the 2014–15 season.

See also: KF Tirana Statistics in Albanian Superliga
Season Div. Albanian Superliga M W D L GSco GCon Pts Albanian Cup Albanian Supercup
2005–06 1st Runners-up 36 17 11 8 54 33 62 Winners Winners
2006–07 1st Champions 33 22 6 5 64 33 72 1/4 Finals Winners
2007–08 1st 6 33 14 7 12 46 36 49 Runners-up
2008–09 1st Champions 33 19 11 3 58 27 68 Runners-up Winners
2009–10 1st 3 33 15 7 11 38 32 52 1/4 Finals
2010–11 1st 5 33 11 11 11 42 31 44 Winners Winners
2011–12 1st 3 26 16 5 5 33 21 53 Winners Winners
2012–13 1st 5 26 12 7 7 30 23 43 1/8 Finals
2013–14 1st 6 33 14 8 11 36 31 50 1/8 Finals
2014–15 1st 4 36 21 8 7 47 27 71 1/2 Finals
2015–16 1st

KF Tirana in Europe[edit]

In addition to being the best team in all domestic competitions, K.F. Tirana (Men) have also given the best performances in Europe among Albanian teams. Although Tirana have passed 11 times one European round, they have never gone further than that. However, white and blues hold the all-time record for the highest IFFHS ranking of an Albanian football club, being ranked as high as 31st in the World in 1987, as result of success preceded 1986-87.[37] In their European path, Tirana have played against "big guns" such as: AFC Ajax, FC Bayern Munich, A.C. Milan, etc. Drawn against reputable teams such as FC Dinamo București, Ferencvárosi TC, PFC CSKA Sofia, Stabæk IF, FC Utrecht, NK Dinamo Zagreb, IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, Standard Liège, etc. In several occasions, respectable European names such as: FC Dinamo București, FC Dinamo Tbilisi, ND Gorica, NK Varteks, etc. have been eliminated from white and blues.

The best squad to compete in Europe was that of season 2004/05. After having easily passed FC Gomel of Belarus in the first round, Tirana played against Ferencvárosi TC in the second round. Having lost the first leg at home 2–3, KF Tirana produced fantastic football in Budapest and was leading 1–0, after which the team missed a penalty and the ball hit woodwork twice, but they just could not score the qualifying goal and therefore were eliminated with a 3–3 on aggregate.[38]

KF Tirana friendly match for social initiative[edit]

KF Tirana vs A.C. Milan. On 14 October 2008, KF Tirana and A.C. Milan took part, for the first time ever, in the "Taci Oil Albania Reads" project in Tirana. This new initiative had the goal to raise funds for the construction of new and modern libraries across Albania, a project launched by UNICEF. The proceeds of this event, sponsored by Taçi Oil helped to create 100 new libraries in Albanian schools, whilst also driving forward the improvement in learning, teaching and reading standards in schools. KF Tirana won the match 2–1.[39]

World & European Rankings[edit]

Records[edit]

[citation needed]

Ervin Bulku is the seventh player with more presence in Tirana jersey . Currently he played 231 matches and scored 15 goals.

Managers[edit]

Managerial record[edit]

Coach from until Major Titles
Albania Selman Stërmasi 1930 1937 6 6x National Championships
Albania Myslym Alla 1956 1971 4 4x National Championships
Albania Enver Shehu 1971 1973
Albania Enver Shehu 1980 1985 2 2x National Championships
Albania Fatmir Frasheri 1985 1987 0
Albania Shyqyri Rreli 1987 1990 2 2x National Championships
Albania Fatmir Frasheri 1992 1993 0
Albania Shkëlqim Muça 1 July 1994 1 July 1995 1 Albanian Superliga, Albanian Supercup
Albania Sulejman Mema 1 July 1995 1 July 1996 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Enver Shehu 1 July 1996 3 May 1997 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Ramadan Shehu 3 May 1997 3 December 1998 0
Albania Ardian Mema 3 December 1998 3 May 1998 0
Albania Millan Baçi 3 May 1998 1 July 1998 0
Albania Sulejman Mema 1 July 1998 1 July 1999 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Shkëlqim Muça 1 July 1999 1 July 2000 1 Albanian Superliga
Hungary Miklós Temesvári 1 July 2000 14 April 2001 1 Albanian Supercup
Albania Shkëlqim Muça 14 April 2001 1 May 2002 0
Albania Sulejman Mema 1 May 2002 1 July 2002 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina Enver Hadžiabdić 1 July 2002 28 Feb 2003 1 Albanian Supercup
Albania Fatmir Frashëri 28 Feb 2003 1 July 2003 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Sulejman Mema 1 July 2003 25 Oct 2003 1 Albanian Supercup
Albania Mirel Josa 2 Nov 2003 20 Aug 2004 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Sulejman Starova 1 Sept 2004 1 July 2005 1 Albanian Superliga
Italy Leonardo Menichini 1 July 2005 11 Nov 2005 0
Albania Krenar Alimehmeti 13 Nov 2005 15 Feb 2006 0
Albania Mirel Josa 17 Feb 2006 13 Nov 2006 0
Albania Shkëlqim Muça 14 Nov 2006 1 July 2007 1 Albanian Superliga
Albania Sulejman Starova 1 July 2007 19 Sept 2007 0
Albania Krenar Alimehmeti 22 Sept 2007 25 Sept 2007 0
Albania Astrit Hafizi 25 Sept 2007 3 Feb 2008 0
Albania Sulejman Mema 3 Feb 2008 1 July 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina Blaž Slišković 1 July 2008 10 Dec 2008 0
Albania Agustin Kola 11 Dec 2008 2 May 2009 1
Albania Alban Tafaj 2 May 2009 21 June 2009 1 Albanian Superliga
Croatia Ilija Lončarević 21 June 2009 6 Oct 2009 1 Albanian Supercup
Albania Alban Tafaj 6 Oct 2009 26 Jan 2010 0
Albania Sulejman Starova 26 Jan 2010 10 Oct 2010 0
Albania Nevil Dede 11 Oct 2010 6 Feb 2011 0
Croatia Mišo Krstičević 8 Feb 2011 22 June 2011 1 Albanian Cup
Spain Julian Rubio 22 June 2011 31 Aug 2012 3 Albanian Cup, Albanian Supercup(2)
Albania Alban Tafaj 1 Sept 2012 16 Sept 2012 0
Albania Artur Lekbello 17 Sept 2012 30 Oct 2012 0
Albania Nevil Dede 30 Oct 2012 24 Oct 2013 0
Albania Alpin Gallo 25 Oct 2013 28 Nov 2013 0
Albania Gugash Magani 1 Dec 2013 17 May 2015 0
Nigeria Ndubuisi Egbo 18 May 2015 1 June 2015 0
Albania Shkëlqim Muça 1 June 2015

Current coaching staff[edit]

Position Name
Head Coach Albania Shkëlqim Muça
Assistant Manager Serbia Ivan Gvozdenović
Physiotherapist Albania Altin Haxhia
Physiotherapist Albania Arzen Voci
Coordinator Albania Eduard Gjini
Goalkeeping Coach Albania Astrit Nallbani
Nigeria Ndubuisi Egbo
U-19 Head Coach AlbaniaBedri Omuri
U-17 Head Coach Albania Blerim Metani
U-15 Head Coach Albania Kadri Pengili
U-12 Head Coach Albania Irfan Bujari
U-10 Head Coach Albania Bujar Lubani

Top scorers Golden Foot[edit]

Season Top-scorer Team Goals
1930 Albania Emil Hajnali
Albania Rexhep Maçi
SK Tirana 3
1932 Albania Haki Korça SK Tirana 4
1934 Albania Mark Gurashi SK Tirana 12
1936 Albania Riza Lushta SK Tirana 11
1937 Albania Riza Lushta SK Tirana 25
1959 Albania Enver Shehu
Albania Gani Merja
SK Tirana 6
1965–66 Albania Josif Kazanxhi SK Tirana 14
1968 Albania Skënder Hyka SK Tirana 19
1978–79 Albania Petrit Dibra SK Tirana 14
1984–85 AlbaniaArben Minga SK Tirana 13
1987–88 Albania Agustin Kola SK Tirana 18
1988–89 Albania Agustin Kola SK Tirana 19
2000–01 Albania Indrit Fortuzi SK Tirana 30
2001–02 Albania Indrit Fortuzi SK Tirana 24
2002–03 Albania Mahir Halili SK Tirana 20
2005–06 Albania Hamdi Salihi SK Tirana 29
2008–09 Albania Migen Memelli SK Tirana 22

Kit suppliers[edit]

Kit provider Period Shirt sponsor
United KingdomUmbro 1988–91 Ariston
1993–97 Parmalat
Germany Adidas 1998–99 Kent
1999–00 Hawaii
Spain Joma 2000–01
2001–02 Volkswagen
Germany Jako 2002–04
Germany Puma 2004–06
Germany Adidas 2006–08
Germany Puma 2008–09
Italy Lotto 2009–10 none
Germany Adidas 2010–11
Italy Macron 2011–12 BPP
Italy Errea 2012–13 none
Italy Legea 2013–15
2015–17 Range Rover

KF Tirana Sponsorship[edit]

Sponsor Type Name
Main Sponsors Halili Constructions, Municipality of Tirana
Secondary Sponsors Lani ltd, BHI-Tiranë, Lajthiza Water, Boga ltd
Official clothing provider Legea

Presidents[edit]

KF Tirana has historically been managed and owned by one president. The only exception is during period of 2007–2008, when the presidency was vacant and club was managed by a number of sponsors. KF Tirana has had numerous presidents over the course of its history, most of which have also been the owners of the club, whilst others have only been honorific presidents such as Bamir Topi and Fatmir Frasheri. The club has had a total of 13 presidents, in total from 1920 until the present day. The most successful president in history is considered to be the Egyptian millionaire Metwally El Sayed who was president of the club during the period 1999–2004. The president who has had the longest management over the club has been Selman Stermasi who was owner and president from 1936 until 1960, whilst the president with the shortest management has been Fatmir Frasheri, who only lasted a single year from 2004–2005. Below is the official presidential history of KF Tirana, from when the club was formed, until the present day.[40]

List of presidents[edit]

[41]

Name Nationality From To Honours
Bahri Toptani  Albania 1920 1933 3 Albanian Superliga
Stefan Shundi  Albania 1933 1936 2 Albanian Superliga
Stermasi, SelmanSelman Stermasi  Albania 1936 1960 1 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup
Lame Konomi  Albania 1960 1970 4 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup
Nuri Bylyku  Albania 1970 1983 1 Albanian Superliga, 3 Albanian Cup
Clirim Hysi  Albania 1983 1985 1 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup
Zija Shaba  Albania 1985 1993 2 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup
Metush Seferi  Albania 1993 1998 3 Albanian Superliga, 2 Albanian Cup, 1 Albanian Supercup
Lutfi Nuri  Albania 1998 1999 1 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup
Metwally El Sayed  Egypt 1999 2004 3 Albanian Superliga, 2 Albanian Cup, 3 Albanian Supercup
Fatmir Frashëri  Albania 2004 2005 1 Albanian Superliga
Topi, BamirBamir Topi  Albania 2005 2007 1 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Cup, 2 Albanian Supercup
Halili, RefikRefik Halili  Albania May 29, 2008 1 Albanian Superliga, 1 Albanian Supercup

KF Tirana's champions[edit]

(4 times or more)

# Champion Times Seasons
1 Nevil Dede 8 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2007
Blendi Nallbani 8 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2009
3 Krenar Alimehmeti 7 1985, 1988, 1989, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000
Eldoraldo Markoçi 7 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005
5 Adem Karapici 6 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937
Arben Minga 6 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996
Agustin Kola 6 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1997
Ardian Mema 6 1989, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000
Sokol Bulku 6 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004
Elvis Sina 6 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005
Devi Muka 6 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009
Rezart Dabulla 6 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009
Ervin Bulku 6 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007
Isli Hidi 6 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007
15 Mark Gurashi 5 1930, 1931, 1934, 1936, 1937
Rudolf Gurashi 5 1930, 1931, 1934, 1936, 1937
Emil Hajnali 5 1930, 1931, 1932, 1936, 1937
Florian Riza 5 1988, 1989, 1996, 1997, 2000
Indrit Fortuzi 5 1995, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2004
Alpin Gallo 5 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000
Alban Tafaj 5 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005
Saimir Patushi 5 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009
23 Selman Stërmasi 4 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934
Hysen Kusi 4 1930, 1931, 1932, 1936
Pavllo Bukoviku 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Luigj Bytyçi 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Fatmir Frashëri 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Skënder Hyka 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Bahri Ishka 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Ali Mema 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Osman Mema 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Niko Xhaçka 4 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970
Shkëlqim Muça 4 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989
Mirel Josa 4 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989
Leonard Liti 4 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989
Bedri Omuri 4 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989
Bujar Sharra 4 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989
Anesti Stoja 4 1985, 1988, 1989, 1995
Ansi Agolli 4 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009
Gentjan Hajdari 4 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Stadiums – Stadiums in Albania". Worldstadiums.com. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Unrelegated association football clubs". Wikipedia. 
  3. ^ "KF Tirana". ECA. 
  4. ^ "peshkupauje.com". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Kampionatet e kohës së Luftës II Botërore
  6. ^ Kampionati 1, sezoni 1930
  7. ^ Dovana, portieri që shënoi në Tiranë
  8. ^ Albania 1933
  9. ^ Albania 1934
  10. ^ Albania 1936
  11. ^ Albania 1937
  12. ^ Giovanni Armillotta: "DREJT NJOHJES SË TRE KAMPIONATEVE KOMBËTARE TË LUFTËS: 1939, 1940 DHE 1942 (1942: KAMPIONAT MBARËKOMBËTAR ME PJESËMARRJEN E PRIZRENIT, PEJËS E PRISHTINËS)" – GIOVANNI ARMILLOTTA ON LINE PËR SHQIPTARËT
  13. ^ Kampionatet e kohës së Luftës II Botërore (Albanian)
  14. ^ FSH (2013-02-28). "AFA's General Assembly: War championships are not legitimate". Partizani.net. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  15. ^ Albania 1945
  16. ^ "SK Tirana Forum". Sktirana.com. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  17. ^ "Dictature eliminates true champions". Ballikombit.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  18. ^ "RSSSF Albania". Rsssf.com. 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  19. ^ "RSSSF Champions". Rsssf.com. 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  20. ^ Česky. "2011–12 UEFA Europa League – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  21. ^ Tirana kthehet ne sh.a. (in Albanian)
  22. ^ Dreka e lamtumirës Rubio, drejtuesve: Do të iki të punoj te Reali i Madridit; Sport Ekspres, 29 August 2012 (Albanian)
  23. ^ "Give Tirana what belongs to...Tirana". Panorama-sport.com. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  24. ^ "Tirana given for use for next 18 years". Panorama-sport.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  25. ^ Fusha e Shallvares, fusha e parë sportive zyrtare në Tiranë
  26. ^ Na ishin njëherë fushat sportive të Tiranës
  27. ^ New stadium plans (in Albanian)
  28. ^ "Selman Stermasi Stadium". sportishqiptar.com.al. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Selman Stermasi Stadium". Kftirana.info. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  30. ^ "Skender Halili training ground". supersport.al. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  31. ^ SK Tirana Online
  32. ^ Saisonfinale auf Albanisch – Fussball – Blick
  33. ^ http://www.tirana1920.info/Historia.html
  34. ^ http://www.sktirana.com/public/kuvend/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=466 (in Albanian)
  35. ^ Giovanni Armillotta: "Drejt njohjes së tre Kampionate Kombëtare të Luftës: 1939, 1940 dhe 1942"
  36. ^ KF Tirana Statistics in Albanian Superliga
  37. ^ "Skenderbeu 178th but Tirana 31st". 
  38. ^ "CHL season 2004-05". 
  39. ^ "Tirana upsets Milan". Youtube. 19 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  40. ^ kftirana.info. "Club Presidency". kftirana.info. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  41. ^ "List of all Presidents". kftirana.info. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 

External links[edit]