SMS Bussard in Dar es Salaam
|Launched:||23 January 1890|
|Commissioned:||7 October 1890|
|Class and type:||Bussard-class unprotected cruiser|
|Displacement:||1,868 t (1,838 long tons; 2,059 short tons)|
|Length:||82.6 m (271 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)|
|Draft:||4.45 m (14 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||3-cylinder triple expansion engines, 2 screws|
|Speed:||15.5 knots (28.7 km/h)|
|Range:||2,990 nmi (5,540 km) at 9 knots (17 km/h)|
SMS Bussard ("His Majesty's Ship Bussard—Buzzard")[a] was an unprotected cruiser of the Imperial German Navy, built in the 1880s. She was the lead ship of her class, which included five other vessels. The cruiser's keel was laid in 1888, and she was launched in January 1890 and commissioned in October of that year. Intended for overseas duty, Bussard was armed with a main battery of eight 10.5-centimeter (4.1 in) guns, and could steam at a speed of 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph).
Bussard served abroad for the majority of her career, first in the East Asia Division in the mid-1890s, and in German East Africa for the first decade of the 20th century. She had a relatively peaceful career; her only major action came while stationed in Asia in 1894. There, she assisted in suppressing a local revolt in Samoa. In 1910, she returned to Germany, where she remained in service for only two more years; she was stricken in October 1912 and scrapped the following year in Hamburg.
Bussard was 82.6 meters (271 ft) long overall and had a beam of 12.5 m (41 ft) and a draft of 4.45 m (14.6 ft) forward. She displaced 1,868 t (1,838 long tons; 2,059 short tons) at full combat load. Her propulsion system consisted of two horizontal 3-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines powered by four coal-fired cylindrical boilers. These provided a top speed of 15.5 kn (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph) and a range of approximately 2,990 nautical miles (5,540 km; 3,440 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph). She had a crew of 9 officers and 152 enlisted men.
The ship was armed with eight 10.5 cm K L/35 guns in single pedestal mounts, supplied with 800 rounds of ammunition in total. They had a range of 8,200 m (26,900 ft). Two guns were placed side by side forward, two on each broadside in sponsons, and two side by side aft. The gun armament was rounded out by five revolver cannon. She was also equipped with two 35 cm (14 in) torpedo tubes with five torpedoes, both of which were mounted on the deck.
Bussard was laid down at the Kaiserliche Werft (Imperial Shipyard) in Danzig under the contract name "C". She was launched on 23 January 1890; fitting-out work was completed quickly, and the new cruiser was ready for commissioning into the Imperial fleet on 7 October 1890. She thereafter served on overseas stations in the German Empire. Early in her career, Bussard served on the East Asia Station with the East Asia Division. In July 1893, she and her sister ship Falke assisted in the suppression of a local revolt led by Mata'afa Iosefo in Samoa. They were joined by the old British corvette HMS Curacao, and the three vessels bombarded rebel positions on 7 July, forcing their surrender. Mata'afa was taken to Apia, the capital, while Bussard remained behind to ensure the demilitarization of his supporters.
In 1898, Bussard returned to Germany, arriving in the Elbe River in March. On the return voyage, she carried several tropical birds for the Berlin Zoological Garden. After her arrival, Bussard went into drydock at the Kaiserliche Werft in Danzig for reconstruction. The barque rig was cut down to a top-sail schooner rig. A new, larger conning tower structure was built. Work was completed by 1900, when Bussard returned to service. She was sent to China in response to the Boxer Rebellion earlier that year. While en route to China on 6 August 1900, a boiler room exploded aboard Bussard, due to a blown out manhole gasket; the explosion killed three sailors and seriously wounded another three men. After arriving in China, Bussard took part in the attack on the Taku Forts, along with her sisters Seeadler and Geier. Her crew suffered no casualties during the campaign.
As of 1901, Bussard was assigned to the East Africa Station in German East Africa, along with the unprotected cruiser Schwalbe. The only other German warships in Africa at the time were the gunboats Habicht and the elderly Wolf; these two ships were stationed in German West Africa. Bussard remained on the East Africa station in 1904, and Schwalbe was replaced by her sister Sperber. During this period, Hans Paasche served as the ship's navigation officer; he held this position for two years.
By 1908, Sperber had been transferred to German West Africa, and another of Bussard's sisters, Seeadler, took her place alongside Bussard. Bussard remained in Africa until 1910, when she returned to Germany for a second and final time. She remained in active service for only a brief time; she was stricken from the naval register on 25 October 1912 and was broken up for scrap the following year in Hamburg.
- "SMS" stands for "Seiner Majestät Schiff" (German: His Majesty's Ship).
- Gröner, p. 97
- Gardiner, p. 253
- Clowes et al., p. 414
- Krämer, p. 505
- Gröner, pp. 97–98
- Sundries, p. 547
- Phelps, p. 175
- Naval Notes, 1901, p. 1502
- Naval Notes, 1904, p. 1079
- Lange, p. 27
- Naval Notes, 1908, p. 710
- Clowes, William Laird; Markham, Clements; Mahan, Alfred Thayer; Wilson, Herbert Wrigley; Roosevelt, Theodore (1903). The Royal Navy: A History From the Earliest Times to the Death of Queen Victoria. VII. London, UK: Sampson Low, Marston and Company. OCLC 1296915.
- Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Gröner, Erich (1990). German Warships 1815–1945. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-790-9.
- Hildebrand, Hans H.; Röhr, Albert; Steinmetz, Hans-Otto (1993). Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe. 3. Ratingen, DE: Mundus Verlag. ISBN 3-7822-0211-2.
- Krämer, Augustine (1994). The Samoa Islands: Material Culture. II. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1634-6.
- Lange, Werner (2005). Hans Paasche: Militant Pacifist in Imperial Germany. Victoria, BC: Trafford. ISBN 978-1-4120-5246-7.
- "Naval Notes". Journal of the Royal United Service Institution. London, UK: J. J. Keliher & Co. XLV: 1496–1510. December 1901. ISSN 0035-9289. OCLC 723657282. doi:10.1080/03071840109418906.
- "Naval Notes". Journal of the Royal United Service Institution. London, UK: J. J. Keliher & Co. XLVIII: 1071–1081. June 1904. ISSN 0035-9289. OCLC 723657282. doi:10.1080/03071840409418368.
- "Naval Notes". Journal of the Royal United Service Institution. London, UK: J. J. Keliher & Co. LII: 704–715. June 1908. ISSN 0035-9289. OCLC 723657282. doi:10.1080/03071840809418822.
- Phelps, Harry (1901). "Notes on Ships and Torpedo Boats". General Information Series. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. XX: 9–182.
- "Sundries". The United Service Magazine. London, UK: William Clowes & Sons. XXV: 545–550. 1902. OCLC 4031674.