SM U-14 (Germany)

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For other ships with the same name, see German submarine U-14.
Submarine U-14 (LOC) (6358166395).jpg
U-14
History
Germany
Name: U-14
Ordered: 23 February 1909
Builder: Kaiserliche Werft Danzig
Cost: 2,101,000 Goldmark
Yard number: 10
Launched: 11 July 1911
Commissioned: 24 April 1912
Fate: 5 June 1915 - Disabled by gunfire from armed trawler Oceanic II and sunk off Peterhead at position 57°16′N 1°16′E / 57.267°N 1.267°E / 57.267; 1.267Coordinates: 57°16′N 1°16′E / 57.267°N 1.267°E / 57.267; 1.267. 1 dead and 27 survivors.
General characteristics
Class and type: German Type U 13 submarine
Displacement:
  • 516 t (508 long tons) surfaced
  • 644 t (634 long tons) submerged
Length: 57.88 m (189 ft 11 in)
Beam: 6 m (19 ft 8 in)
Draught: 3.44 m (11 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shafts
  • 2 × Körting 6-cylinder and 2 × Körting 8-cylinder two stroke paraffin motors with 900 PS (890 hp)
  • 2 × SSW electric motors with 1,040 PS (1,030 hp)
  • 550 rpm surfaced
  • 600 rpm submerged
Speed:
  • 14.8 knots (27.4 km/h; 17.0 mph) surfaced
  • 10.7 knots (19.8 km/h; 12.3 mph) submerged
Test depth: 50 m (160 ft)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
1 dinghy
Complement: 4 officers, 25 men
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
  • I Flotilla
  • 1 August 1914 – 5 June 1915
Commanders:
  • Kptlt. Walther Schwieger[1]
  • 1 August – 15 December 1914
  • Kptlt. Otto Dröscher[2]
  • 17 December 1914 – 15 April 1915
  • Oblt.z.S. Max Hammerle[3]
  • 16 April – 5 June 1915
Operations: 1 patrol
Victories: 2 merchant ships sunk (3,907 GRT)

SM U-14[Note 1] was one of the 329 submarines serving in the Imperial German Navy in World War I.

Service history[edit]

U-14 was engaged in the naval warfare and took part in the First Battle of the Atlantic. U-14 was damaged by an air raid on the German-occupied port of Zeebrugee, Belgium, on the night of 12 February 1915.[4]

Fate[edit]

On 5 June 1915, U-14 approached the trawler Oceanic II off Peterhead, firing a couple of warning shots, but Oceanic II was armed and was acting as a decoy and returned fire, being joined by the armed trawler Hawk. U-14 was hit several times, and unable to escape by submerging sank, with six officers and 21 ratings being rescued, and one man, her commanding officer, being killed.[5][6] She was sunk by gunfire on 5 June 1915 .

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage[Note 2] Fate[7]
2 June 1915 Cyrus  Denmark 1,669 Sunk
3 June 1915 Lappland  Sweden 2,238 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "SM" stands for "Seiner Majestät" (English: His Majesty's) and combined with the U for Unterseeboot would be translated as His Majesty's Submarine.
  2. ^ Tonnages are in gross register tons

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Walther Schwieger (Pour le Mérite)". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Otto Dröscher (Royal House Order of Hohenzollern)". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Max Hammerle". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Karau 2014, p. 27.
  5. ^ Grant 1964, pp. 24–25.
  6. ^ Corbett 1923, pp. 45–46.
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U 14". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Corbett, Julian S. (1923). History of the Great War: Naval Operations: Volume III. London: Longmans Green and Co. 
  • Grant, Robert M. (1964). U-Boats Destroyed: The Effect of Anti-Submarine Warfare 1914–1918. London: Putnam. 
  • Karau, Mark D. (2014). The Naval Flank of the Western Front: The German MarineKorps Flandern 1914–1918. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-231-8.