SM U-27 (Germany)
German UBoat U27 with crew
|Career (German Empire)|
|Ordered:||19 February 1912|
|Builder:||Kaiserliche Werft Danzig|
|Launched:||14 July 1913|
|Commissioned:||8 May 1914|
|Fate:||Sunk 19 August 1915 in Western Approaches. 37 dead.|
|Class and type:||German Type U 27 submarine|
|Displacement:||685 tons surfaced
878 tons submerged
|Length:||64.70 m (212.3 ft)|
|Beam:||6.32 m (20.7 ft)|
|Draught:||3.48 m (11.4 ft)|
|Speed:||16.4 knots (30.4 km/h; 18.9 mph) (surfaced)
9.8 knots (18.1 km/h; 11.3 mph) (submerged)
|Range:||9,770 nautical miles (18,090 km; 11,240 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) (surfaced)
85 nautical miles (157 km; 98 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) (submerged)
|Test depth:||50 m (164.0 ft)|
|Part of:||Imperial German Navy:
1 August 1914 – 19 August 1915
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Bernhard Wegener
8 May 1914 - 19 August 1915
|Victories:||10 merchant ships sunk (31,120 GRT)
2 warships sunk (6,325 tons)
Sinking of HMS E-3
HMS E3 had sailed from Harwich on 16 October to patrol off Borkum in the North Sea. On 18 October, E3 spotted some German destroyers ahead but was unable to get into a position to take a shot at them. Unable to pass them, Commander Cholmley retreated into the bay to wait for them to disperse. As he did so, he failed to see that the bay was also occupied by U-27, under Kapitänleutnant Bernd Wegener.
Wegener was surfaced and patrolling between the Ems and Borkum when at 11:25, an object resembling a buoy was spotted where no buoy should be. Suspecting a British submarine, U-27 immediately dived and closed the object. Although ‘conned down’, the number 83 was clearly visible on the conning tower of the British boat, now identified as such beyond reasonable doubt. Wegener tracked the submarine for two hours until able to approach ‘up sun’. He noted that the look-outs were staring intently in the other direction, towards the Ems. When the distance had closed to 656 yd (600 m), two G6 torpedoes were fired by U-27. Detonation followed 12 seconds later, and E3 sank immediately. The KTB records that men (probably the look-outs from the bridge) were visible in the water but fearing a second British submarine might have been lurking nearby, U-27 dived and withdrew. 30 minutes later, the U-boat returned to the scene to search for evidence and possible survivors but without success. All 28 members of E3 's crew were lost.
- 31 October 1914, U-27 sank the seaplane carrier HMS Hermes in the Straits of Dover, in position .
- 11 March 1915, U-27 sank the armed merchant cruiser HMS Bayano off Carswell Point, Stranraer at position .
- 18 May 1915 – Drumcree ( United Kingdom) was torpedoed and sunk by U-27 eleven miles NE of Trevose Head in Cornwall. She was in ballast from Barry to Port Arthur, Texas.
- 19 May 1915 – Dumfries ( United Kingdom) was torpedoed and sunk by U-27 13 miles north of Trevose Head. She was carrying coal from Cardiff to Livorno with the loss of two lives
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to German Type U 27 submarine.|
On 19 August 1915, U-27 was sunk in the Western Approaches in position Coordinates: by gunfire from Q-Ship HMS Baralong, and her entire crew including Bernhard Wegener was killed in the so-called Baralong Incident.
Summary of raiding career
|18 October 1914||HMS E3||Royal Navy||725||Sunk|
|31 October 1914||HMS Hermes||Royal Navy||5,600||Sunk|
|11 March 1915||HMS Bayano||Royal Navy||5,948||Sunk|
|13 March 1915||Hartdale||United Kingdom||3,839||Sunk|
|18 May 1915||Drumcree||United Kingdom||4,052||Sunk|
|19 May 1915||Dumfries||United Kingdom||4,121||Sunk|
|21 May 1915||Glenholm||United Kingdom||1,968||Sunk|
|18 August 1915||Ben Vrackie||United Kingdom||3,908||Sunk|
|18 August 1915||Gladiator||United Kingdom||3,359||Sunk|
|18 August 1915||Magda||Norway||1,063||Sunk|
|18 August 1915||Sverresborg||Norway||1,144||Sunk|
|19 August 1915||Pena Castillo||Spain||1,718||Sunk|
- Uboat.net U 27 type
- HMS Hermes at www.wrecksite.eu
- "Record for HMS Bayano". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- Lettens, Jan. "SS Drumcree [+1915]". wrecksite. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Lettens, Jan. "SS Dumfries [+1915]". wrecksite. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-27". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.