SM U-65 (Germany)
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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-65.
|Ordered:||17 May 1915|
|Builder:||Germaniawerft, Kiel ( 248)|
|Laid down:||4 June 1915|
|Launched:||21 March 1916|
|Commissioned:||11 May 1916|
|Fate:||28 October 1918 - Scuttled at Pola in position during the evacuation from there.|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Type U 63 submarine|
|Height:||7.65 m (25 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||4.04 m (13 ft 3 in)|
|Test depth:||50 m (164 ft 1 in)|
|Part of:||Imperial German Navy|
|Victories:||48 ships sunk for a total of 76,774 GRT, 2 ships damaged for a total of 7,860 tons.|
U-65. Kaptlt. Hermann von Fischel. On completion at Kiel did trials at Kiel School about May and June 1916, afterwards proceeding to the North Sea to join 4th Flotilla.
- ? 11–14 July 1916. North Sea patrol.
- 16–24 July 1916. North Sea patrol.
- 3–4 September 1916. North Sea patrol. Returned with defects.
- 26 October – 19 November 1916. To Mediterranean, northabout. Engaged by armed yacht Valiant II in . Sank nothing. On arrival at Cattaro joined the Pola-Cattaro Flotilla.
- 28 November – 7 December 1916. Left Cattaro and on 1 December probably sank a steamer. On 4 December sank British SS Caledonia in . The submarine was badly rammed by Caledonia and appears to have returned home immediately on the surface.
- 17 February 1917. Sank troopship SS Athos (12,644 tons). 754 casualties.
- 29 March – 19/20 April 1917. In western Mediterranean sank 4 S.S., 5 sailing vessels (13,000 tons).
- 14 May – 9 June 1917. Possible cruise of U-65. After leaving Cattaro submarine damaged cruiser HMS Dartmouth by torpedo on 15 May in . She then sank 7 steamers and 12 sailing vessels in the central Mediterranean. 6 June, she was reported off Cape Passaro, 7 June in the vicinity of Straits of Messina, and 8 June was possibly attacked by seaplane in .
- The next cruise of U-65 which can be reconstructed with probability was from 10 January to 31 January or 1 February 1918. On this cruise she sank 2 steamers and 1 sailing vessel, and was twice attacked from the air and once by depth-charged by Campanula, which she missed by torpedo.
- A later possible cruise was for about the first 3 weeks of September 1918, on which she sank 4 steamers and damaged 4 more, between longitudes 8° and 17°E.
Summary of raiding career
|4 December 1916||Caledonia||United Kingdom||9,223||Sunk|
|17 February 1917||Athos||France||12,644||Sunk|
|24 February 1917||Venere||Kingdom of Italy||290||Sunk|
|28 February 1917||Emancipato||Kingdom of Italy||30||Sunk|
|1 March 1917||Nicolaos||Greece||1,215||Sunk|
|1 March 1917||Teresina||Kingdom of Italy||212||Sunk|
|2 March 1917||San Vincenza F.||Kingdom of Italy||52||Sunk|
|6 March 1917||Porto Di Smirne||Kingdom of Italy||2,576||Sunk|
|1 April 1917||Maria T.||Kingdom of Italy||45||Sunk|
|1 April 1917||Maria Santissima D. Grazie||Kingdom of Italy||35||Sunk|
|2 April 1917||Britannia||United Kingdom||3,129||Sunk|
|3 April 1917||Maria Ferrara||Kingdom of Italy||106||Sunk|
|5 April 1917||Calliope||United Kingdom||3,829||Sunk|
|7 April 1917||Trefusis||United Kingdom||2,642||Sunk|
|8 April 1917||Lucia||Kingdom of Italy||138||Sunk|
|8 April 1917||Papa Gian Battista||Kingdom of Italy||138||Sunk|
|11 April 1917||Tremorvah||United Kingdom||3,654||Sunk|
|12 April 1917||Angela M.||Kingdom of Italy||187||Sunk|
|21 May 1917||Ampleforth||United Kingdom||3,873||Sunk|
|21 May 1917||Don Diego||United Kingdom||3,632||Sunk|
|23 May 1917||England||United Kingdom||3,798||Sunk|
|23 May 1917||Maria Febronia Antonina||Kingdom of Italy||55||Sunk|
|24 May 1917||Sant Antonio Di Padova||Kingdom of Italy||184||Sunk|
|25 May 1917||Diego Russo||Kingdom of Italy||113||Sunk|
|25 May 1917||Natale Monaco||Kingdom of Italy||57||Sunk|
|25 May 1917||Rosina R.||Kingdom of Italy||54||Sunk|
|25 May 1917||Vincenzino C.||Kingdom of Italy||54||Sunk|
|26 May 1917||Angelo Padre||Kingdom of Italy||50||Sunk|
|26 May 1917||Umaria||United Kingdom||5,317||Sunk|
|27 May 1917||Luigi||Kingdom of Italy||137||Sunk|
|27 May 1917||Maria Giuseppe||Kingdom of Italy||26||Sunk|
|4 June 1917||Manchester Trader||United Kingdom||3,938||Sunk|
|7 June 1917||Rosa M||Kingdom of Italy||64||Sunk|
|5 July 1917||Ciboure||France||2,388||Sunk|
|6 July 1917||Roma||Kingdom of Italy||52||Sunk|
|8 July 1917||L'Immortale Leone||Kingdom of Italy||133||Sunk|
|24 November 1917||Enna||Kingdom of Italy||1,814||Sunk|
|1 December 1917||Citta Di Sassari||Kingdom of Italy||2,167||Sunk|
|2 December 1917||Carlino||Kingdom of Italy||94||Sunk|
|2 December 1917||La Margherita||Kingdom of Italy||41||Sunk|
|2 December 1917||San Antonio Il Vittorioso||Kingdom of Italy||45||Sunk|
|3 December 1917||Angelo||Kingdom of Italy||542||Damaged|
|25 January 1918||Giuseppe O.||Kingdom of Italy||74||Sunk|
|27 June 1918||Sotolongo||Spain||3,009||Sunk|
|1 July 1918||Monte Cristo||France||622||Sunk|
|4 July 1918||Merida||United Kingdom||5,951||Damaged|
|2 September 1918||San Andres||United Kingdom||3,314||Sunk|
|12 September 1918||Chao Chow Fu||United Kingdom||1,909||Damaged|
|12 September 1918||Sarnia||United Kingdom||1,498||Sunk|
|14 September 1918||Ioanna No. 45||United Kingdom||9||Sunk|
|15 September 1918||Ioanna No. 37||United Kingdom||17||Sunk|
- Ubaot.net U-65
- Gröner 1985, p. 33-34.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hermann von Fischel". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Gustav Sieß". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Clemens Wickel". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-65". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- NA, HW 7/3, p.230, states U-65 was "blown up". Handelskrieg, Vol 5, p.227, names 10 submarines, including U-65, which were all in a state beyond repair and were destroyed at the evacuation of the Austrian submarine bases: "... some of them were blown up in their bases, some were scuttled at sea in the vicinity of their bases." Uboat.net says she was "scuttled", but gives no source or reference for this.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-65". German and Austrian U-Boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Spindler, Arno (1966) . Der Handelskrieg mit U-Booten. 5 Vols. Berlin: Mittler & Sohn. Vols. 4+5, dealing with 1917+18, are very hard to find: Guildhall Library, London, has them all, also Vol. 1-3 in an English translation: The submarine war against commerce.
- Beesly, Patrick (1982). Room 40: British Naval Intelligence 1914-1918. London: H Hamilton. ISBN 978-0-241-10864-2.
- Halpern, Paul G. (1995). A Naval History of World War I. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85728-498-0.
- Roessler, Eberhard (1997). Die Unterseeboote der Kaiserlichen Marine. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-5963-7.
- Schroeder, Joachim (2002). Die U-Boote des Kaisers. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-6235-4.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2008). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol I., The Fleet in Action. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-76-3.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2009). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol II., The Fleet in Being. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-77-0.
- Photos of cruises of German submarine U-54 in 1916-1918.
- A 44 min. German film from 1917 about a cruise of the German submarine U-35.
- Uboat.net: More detailed information about U-65.
- Room 40: original documents, photos and maps about World War I German submarine warfare and British Room 40 Intelligence from The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, UK.