SM UB-88

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UB 148 at sea 2.jpeg
UB-148 at sea, a U-boat similar to UB-88.
History
German Empire
Name: UB-88
Ordered: 6/8 February 1917[1]
Builder: AG Vulcan, Hamburg
Cost: 3,654,000 German Papiermark
Yard number: 104
Launched: 11 December 1917[2]
Commissioned: 26 January 1918[2]
Fate: surrendered 26 November 1918, sunk as target 1921[2]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: German Type UB III submarine
Displacement:
  • 510 t (500 long tons) surfaced
  • 640 t (630 long tons) submerged
Length: 55.52 m (182 ft 2 in) (o/a)
Beam: 5.76 m (18 ft 11 in)
Draught: 3.73 m (12 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
  • 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 7,120 nmi (13,190 km; 8,190 mi) at 6 knots (11 km/h; 6.9 mph) surfaced
  • 55 nmi (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 50 m (160 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 31 men[2]
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
  • Flandern Flotilla
  • 12 June – 4 October 1918
  • II Flotilla
  • 4 October – 11 November 1918
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Johannes Ries[3]
  • 26 January – 15 February 1918
  • Kptlt. Reinhard von Rabenau[4]
  • 16 February – 11 November 1918
Operations: 5 patrols
Victories:
  • 14 merchant ships sunk (31,076 GRT)
  • 2 merchant ships damaged (10,135 GRT)

SM UB-88 was a German Type UB III submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. She was commissioned into the German Imperial Navy on 26 January 1918 as SM UB-88.[Note 1]

Construction[edit]

She was built by AG Vulcan of Hamburg and following just under a year of construction, launched at Hamburg on 11 December 1917. UB-88 was commissioned early the next year under the command of Oblt.z.S. Johannes Ries. Like all Type UB III submarines, UB-88 carried 10 torpedoes and was armed with a 10.5 cm (4.13 in) deck gun. UB-88 would carry a crew of up to 3 officers and 31 men and had a cruising range of 7,120 nautical miles (13,190 km; 8,190 mi). UB-88 had a displacement of 510 t (500 long tons) while surfaced and 640 t (630 long tons) when submerged. Her engines enabled her to travel at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) when surfaced and 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph) when submerged.

Service history[edit]

UB-88 was surrendered to the United States of America on 26 November 1918 in accordance with the requirements of the Armistice with Germany.

After an extensive tour along the U.S. coast, she was sunk as a target on 3 January 1921 in waters off Los Angeles County, California. The wreck of the vessel was found in 2003.[2]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage[Note 2] Fate[5]
10 June 1918 Princess Maud  United Kingdom 1,566 Sunk
10 June 1918 Dora  Sweden 1,555 Sunk
22 June 1918 Avance  Sweden 1,585 Sunk
23 June 1918 London  United Kingdom 1,706 Sunk
25 June 1918 African Transport  United Kingdom 4,482 Sunk
25 June 1918 Moorlands  United Kingdom 3,602 Sunk
29 June 1918 Herdis  United Kingdom 1,157 Sunk
29 June 1918 Sixty-six  United Kingdom 214 Sunk
30 July 1918 Bayronto  United Kingdom 6,045 Damaged
3 August 1918 Berwind  United States 2,589 Sunk
3 August 1918 Lake Portage  United States 1,998 Sunk
4 August 1918 Hundvaagø  Norway 1,901 Sunk
9 August 1918 Anselma De Larrinaga  United Kingdom 4,090 Damaged
16 September 1918 Philomel  United Kingdom 3,050 Sunk
19 September 1918 Fanny  Sweden 1,450 Sunk
22 September 1918 Polesley  United Kingdom 4,221 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "SM" stands for "Seiner Majestät" (English: His Majesty's) and combined with the U for Unterseeboot would be translated as His Majesty's Submarine.
  2. ^ Tonnages are in gross register tons

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Rössler 1979, p. 61.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gröner 1991, pp. 25-30.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Johannes Ries". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Reinhard von Rabenau (Royal House Order of Hohenzollern)". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by UB 88". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bendert, Harald (2000). Die UB-Boote der Kaiserlichen Marine, 1914-1918. Einsätze, Erfolge, Schicksal (in German). Hamburg: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn GmbH. ISBN 3-8132-0713-7. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Rössler, Eberhard (1979). U-Bootbau bis Ende des 1. Weltkrieges, Konstruktionen für das Ausland und die Jahre 1935 – 1945. Die deutschen U-Boote und ihre Werften (in German). I. Munich: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-5213-7. 

External links[edit]

  • Personal account of Charles Daniel Turner, United States Navy sailor who served aboard UB-88 following surrender, Charles Daniel Turner Collection (AFC/2001/001/27862), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress