SM UB-90

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
UB 148 at sea 2.jpeg
UB-148 at sea, a U-boat similar to UB-90.
History
German Empire
Name: UB-90
Ordered: 6/8 February 1917[1]
Builder: AG Vulcan, Hamburg
Cost: 3,654,000 German Papiermark
Yard number: 106
Launched: 12 February 1918[2]
Commissioned: 21 March 1918[2]
Fate: sunk 16 October 1918 by British submarine[2]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: German Type UB III submarine
Displacement:
  • 510 t (500 long tons) surfaced
  • 640 t (630 long tons) submerged
Length: 55.52 m (182 ft 2 in) (o/a)
Beam: 5.76 m (18 ft 11 in)
Draught: 3.73 m (12 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
  • 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 7,120 nmi (13,190 km; 8,190 mi) at 6 knots (11 km/h; 6.9 mph) surfaced
  • 55 nmi (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 50 m (160 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 31 men[2]
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
  • II Flotilla
  • 29 June – 16 October 1918
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Gottfried von Mayer[3]
  • 21 March – 16 October 1918
Operations: 2 patrols
Victories:
  • 1 merchant ship sunk (3,575 GRT)
  • 1 merchant ship captured as a prize (850 GRT)

SM UB-90 was a German Type UB III submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. She was commissioned into the German Imperial Navy on 21 March 1918 as SM UB-90.[Note 1]

On 16 October 1918, UB-90 was hit by a torpedo from HMS L12 at 57°55′N 10°27′E / 57.917°N 10.450°E / 57.917; 10.450Coordinates: 57°55′N 10°27′E / 57.917°N 10.450°E / 57.917; 10.450 and sunk. All 38 crew members died in the event.[2]

Construction[edit]

She was built by AG Vulcan of Hamburg and following just under a year of construction, launched at Hamburg on 12 February 1918. UB-90 was commissioned early the next year under the command of Oblt.z.S. Gottfried von Mayer. Like all Type UB III submarines, UB-90 carried 10 torpedoes and was armed with a 10.5 cm (4.13 in) deck gun. UB-90 would carry a crew of up to 3 officer and 31 men and had a cruising range of 7,120 nautical miles (13,190 km; 8,190 mi). UB-90 had a displacement of 510 t (500 long tons) while surfaced and 640 t (630 long tons) when submerged. Her engines enabled her to travel at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) when surfaced and 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph) when submerged.

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage[Note 2] Fate[4]
29 July 1918 Douro  Denmark 850 Captured as a prize
3 October 1918 Eupion  United Kingdom 3,575 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "SM" stands for "Seiner Majestät" (English: His Majesty's) and combined with the U for Unterseeboot would be translated as His Majesty's Submarine.
  2. ^ Tonnages are in gross register tons

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Rössler 1979, p. 61.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gröner 1991, pp. 25-30.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Gottfried von Mayer". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by UB 90". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 February 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bendert, Harald (2000). Die UB-Boote der Kaiserlichen Marine, 1914-1918. Einsätze, Erfolge, Schicksal (in German). Hamburg: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn GmbH. ISBN 978-3-8132-0713-2.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-593-7.
  • Rössler, Eberhard (1979). U-Bootbau bis Ende des 1. Weltkrieges, Konstruktionen für das Ausland und die Jahre 1935 – 1945. Die deutschen U-Boote und ihre Werften (in German). I. Munich: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-5213-3.