|LeO H-49, SE-200 Amphitrite|
|Manufacturer||Lioré et Olivier, SNCASE|
|First flight||11 December 1942|
The Sud-Est SE.200 Amphitrite (named after Amphitrite) was a flying boat airliner built in France in the late 1930s, originally developed as the Lioré et Olivier LeO H-49 before the nationalisation of the French aircraft industry. It was a large, six-engine design with a high-set cantilever monoplane wing, and twin tails. It was developed in response to a French air ministry specification of 1936 for a transatlantic airliner for Air France with a range of 6,000 km (3,700 mi) and capacity for 20 passengers and 500 kg (227 lb) of cargo. Designs were submitted by Latécoère, Lioré et Olivier and by Potez-CAMS as the Laté 631, LeO H.49 and the Potez-CAMS 161 respectively, and examples of all designs were approved for construction. A large mock-up, resting on simulated water, was displayed at the 1938 Salon de l'Aéronautique.
Four SE.200s were under construction at Marignane at the outbreak of the Second World War, and work on them continued after the fall of France, along with a fifth machine now started. The first aircraft, christened Rochambeau flew on 11 December 1942. Following testing, it was seized by the German occupation and taken to the Bodensee, where it was destroyed in an air-raid by RAF Mosquitos on 17 April 1944. A USAAF raid on Marignane on 16 September destroyed the second SE.200 and badly damaged the other machines.
Enough work on the third SE.200 had been carried out to make salvage worthwhile after the war. This aircraft eventually flew on 2 April 1946 but was damaged in a hard landing in October 1949 and was not repaired. Plans existed to also complete the fourth aircraft, but these did not eventuate and it and the fifth machine were scrapped. The remains of the first SE.200 were raised by Dornier in 1966.
Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1947
- Crew: 8-10 (including cabin crew)
- Capacity: 80 pax (40 pax as a night sleeper)
- Length: 40.15 m (131 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 52.2 m (171 ft 3 in)
- Height: 9.73 m (31 ft 11 in)
- Wing area: 340 m2 (3,700 sq ft)
- Airfoil: root:NACA 2418; tip:NACA 2409
- Empty weight: 32,746 kg (72,193 lb)
- Gross weight: 72,000 kg (158,733 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 38,000 l (10,000 US gal; 8,400 imp gal) in inter-spar wing tanks
- Powerplant: 3 × Gnome-Rhône 14R-26 14 cylinder air-cooled two-row radial piston engine, 1,200 kW (1,600 hp) each for take-off; LH rotation (fitted to starboard)
- Powerplant: 3 × Gnome-Rhône 14R-27 14 cylinder air-cooled two-row radial piston engine, 1,200 kW (1,600 hp) each for take-off; RH rotation (fitted to port)
- Propellers: 3-bladed variable-pitch reversible propellers
- Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph; 127 kn) at 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
- Cruise speed: 305 km/h (190 mph; 165 kn)
- Range: 6,060 km (3,766 mi; 3,272 nmi) maximum in 60 km/h (37 mph; 32 kn) headwind
- Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 3.7 m/s (730 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 212 kg/m2 (43 lb/sq ft)
- Power/mass: 12.2 kg/kW (20 lb/hp) (at 984 kW (1,320 hp) per engine)
- Taylor 1989, 844
- Hartmann 2000, 4
- Flight 1 December 1938, 506
- Hartmann 2000, 16
- Hartmann 2000, 18
- Hartmann 2000, 24
- Bridgman, Leonard, ed. (1947). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1947. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. pp. 135c–136c.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SNCASE SE-200.|
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.
- "The Civil Side at the Paris Show". Flight: 505. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "Six Motored French Air Giant Weighs 63-tons" Popular Mechanics, June 1943
- Hartmann, Gérard (3 May 2000). "L'hydravion le plus rapide du monde fut conçu à Argenteuil" (PDF). Dossiers historiques et techniques aéronautique française. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2004. Retrieved 2008-10-03.