SNCF TGV Sud-Est
This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2020)
|SNCF TGV "Sud-Est"|
|Formation||2 power cars, 8 passenger cars|
|Fleet numbers||01–37, 39–69, 71–87, 89–102, 110–118|
|Train length||200 m (656 ft)|
|Width||Motor car 2.81 m (9 ft 3 in)|
Trailer 2.904 m (9 ft 6.3 in)
|Maximum speed||300 km/h (186 mph) |
(originally 260 km/h or 162 mph)
|Weight||385 t (379 long tons; 424 short tons)|
|Power output||6,800 kW (9,100 hp) @ 25 kV AC|
3,100 kW (4,200 hp) @ 1.5 kV DC
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC |
1500 V DC
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Pneumatic and Regenerative|
|Safety system(s)||TVM 300/TVM 430|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The SNCF TGV Sud-Est was a French high speed TGV train built by Alsthom and Francorail-MTE and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. A total of 111 trainsets were built between 1978 and 1988 for the first TGV service in France between Paris and Lyon which opened in 1981. The trainsets were semi-permanently coupled, consisting of two power cars (locomotives) and eight articulated passenger carriages, ten in the case of the tri-voltage sets. The trains were named after the Ligne à Grande Vitesse Sud-Est (lit. 'Southeast high-speed line') that they first operated on. They were also referred to as TGV-PSE, an abbreviation of Paris Sud-Est.
The TGV Sud-Est fleet was built between 1978 and 1988 and operated the first TGV service from Paris to Lyon in 1981. Formerly there were 107 passenger sets operating, of which nine were tri-current (25 kV 50-60 Hz AC - French lignes à grande vitesse, 1500 V DC - French lignes classiques, 15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC - Switzerland) and the rest bi-current (25 kV 50–60 Hz AC, 1500 V DC). There were also five, later seven, bi-current half-sets - TGV La Poste - without seats which carried mail for La Poste between Paris, Lyon and Avignon. These were painted in the distinctive La Poste yellow livery.
Each set was made up of two power cars and eight carriages (capacity 345 seats), including a powered bogie in each of the carriages adjacent to the power cars. They were 200 m (656 ft) long and 2.904 m (9 ft 6.3 in) wide. They weighed 385 tonnes (379 long tons; 424 short tons) with a power output of 6,450 kW (8,650 hp) under 25 kV.
When the trains were delivered they wore a distinctive orange, grey, and white livery. The last set to wear this livery was repainted in the silver livery similar to the TGV Atlantique sets in 2001. From 2012 trains were repainted in the new SNCF Carmillon livery. The TGV Sud-Est sets can be easily distinguished from the TGV-Atlantique and TGV-Reseau versions by the break in the roof just above the cabin windows.
Originally the sets were built to run at 270 km/h (168 mph) but most were upgraded to 300 km/h (186 mph) during their mid-life refurbishment in preparation for the opening of the LGV Méditerranée. The few sets which still have a maximum speed of 270 km/h (168 mph) operate on routes which have a comparatively short distance on the lignes à grande vitesse, such as those to Switzerland via Dijon. SNCF did not consider it financially worthwhile to upgrade their speed for a marginal reduction in journey time.
Nine sets were originally delivered as all first class. Set 88 was used as a test train for synchronous traction motors then subsequently rebuilt as a tri-voltage set and renumbered 118. Set 114 was sold to SBB in 1993 and a second set in 2005. In 1995, Set 38, one of the all first class sets, was converted to an extra postal set in addition to the existing 5 half-sets.
In March 2012, a hired postal set, numbered 951, was taken to London to advertise the Euro Carex project.
In February 2013 the TGV Lyria sets (110 to 118), designed for services to Switzerland, were taken out of service. These were replaced by TGV POS sets.
In December 2019, all TGV Sud-Est sets were retired from service. In early 2020, a farewell service was run which included TGV01 (nicknamed Patrick), the very first TGV train ever built. This train was painted in all 3 liveries that it used during its service.
The TGV Sud-Est sets were originally used on services between Paris, Lyon, Marseille and other cities in the south-east of France. In 2013 there were still 55 sets in use on services to south-eastern France and on cross-country services. The remaining sets were replaced by TGV POS in late 2019.
The power cars were numbered as Class 23000 dual voltage locomotives, with the trailers being numbered according to the position in the set they were allocated to. So for Set XXX they would be numbered 123XXX, 223XXX, 323XXX and so on. The triple-voltage sets were numbered similarly but as Class 33000. Postal half sets were initially numbered P1–P5, later to P7. The power cars were numbered 923001—005, similarly the intermediate vehicles added a 9 in front of number.
Many of the sets received names, principally of French communes, towns and cities. The names were carried on the two non-driving motor cars at each end of the articulated rake.
|Dual voltage sets|
|Set Number||Name||Set Number||Name|
|Set 01||Patrick||Set 52||Genève|
|Set 02||Marseille||Set 53||Le Puy-en-Velay|
|Set 03||Belfort||Set 54||Chagny|
|Set 04||Rambouillet||Set 55||Denain|
|Set 05||Ris-Orangis||Set 56||Annecy|
|Set 06||Frasne||Set 57||Bourg-en-Bresse|
|Set 07||Conflans-Sainte-Honorine||Set 58||Oullins|
|Set 08||Rouen||Set 59||Hautmont|
|Set 09||Vincennes||Set 60||Langeac|
|Set 10||Hayange||Set 61||Fontainebleau|
|Set 11||Nîmes||Set 62||Toulouse|
|Set 12||Le Havre||Set 63||Villeurbanne|
|Set 13||Ablon-sur-Seine||Set 64||Dole|
|Set 14||Montpellier||Set 65||Sète|
|Set 15||Pau||Set 66||Avignon|
|Set 16||Lyon||Set 67||Bellegarde-sur-Valserine|
|Set 17||Tergnier||Set 68||Modane|
|Set 18||Le Creusot||Set 69||Vichy|
|Set 19||Saint-Amand-les-Eaux||Set 70||Melun|
|Set 20||Colmar||Set 71||Brunoy|
|Set 21||Dijon||Set 72||Cahors|
|Set 22||Valenciennes||Set 73||Charenton-le-Pont|
|Set 23||Montbard||Set 74||Arbois-Mouchard-Port-Lesney|
|Set 24||Alfortville||Set 75|
|Set 25||Besançon||Set 76||Pontarlier|
|Set 26||Saint-Étienne||Set 77||Nuits-Saint-Georges|
|Set 27||Mâcon||Set 78||Culoz|
|Set 28||Montélimar||Set 79||Annemasse|
|Set 29||Villeneuve-Saint-Georges||Set 80||Toulon|
|Set 30||Lille||Set 81||Tonnerre|
|Set 31||Combs-la-Ville||Set 82||Trappes|
|Set 32||Maisons-Alfort||Set 83||Moissy-Cramayel|
|Set 33||Fécamp||Set 84||Dieppe|
|Set 34||Dunkerque||Set 85||Beaune|
|Set 35||Grenoble||Set 86||Montluçon|
|Set 36||Seine-Saint-Denis||Set 87||Montchanin|
|Set 37||Saint-Germain-en-Laye||Set 88/118|
|Set 38/P6,P7||Set 89|
|Set 39||Évian + Thonon||Set 90|
|Set 40||Versailles||Set 91|
|Set 41||Villiers-le-Bel||Set 92|
|Set 42||Chambéry||Set 93|
|Set 43||Aix-les-Bains||Set 94|
|Set 44||Clermont-Ferrand||Set 95|
|Set 45||Valence||Set 96|
|Set 46||Contrexéville||Set 97|
|Set 47||Nancy||Set 98|
|Set 48||Comte-de-Nice||Set 99|
|Set 49||Rennes||Set 100||Saint Gervais-les-Bains|
|Set 50||Beauvais||Set 101|
|Set 51||Givors + Grigny-Badan||Set 102|
|Set Number||Name||Set Number||Name|
|Set 110||Pays de Vaud||Set 114|
|Set 111||Set 115|
|Set 112||Lausanne||Set 116|
|Set 113||Set 116|
|Set 114||Set 117|
Four of the TGV Sud-Est cars are preserved
- No. 53 at Cité du train, Mulhouse.
- No. 57 at the former La Chapelle depot as part of the "Grand Train" exhibition 40.
- No. 61 by the Bischheim technicenter and intended for the Cité du train, Mulhouse
- No. 112 at the Railway Museum in Ambérieu-en-Bugey.
|Class||No. in Service||Year Built||Operator||Current Units||Notes|
|Series 23000||0||1978–1985||SNCF||01-37, 39-69, 71-87, 89-102||Bicurrent|
No. 38 rebuilt as TGV La Poste
No. 70 scrapped 1988
No. 88 rebuilt for TGV Atlantique testing
No. 101 rebuilt for tilt testing
Retired in December 2019
- van Uden, Marcp. "SNCF withdrawn high-speed trains". Railfan Europe. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
- Perren, Brian (1997). TGV Handbook. London: Capital Transport. pp. 50–51. ISBN 1-85414-195-3.
- "International Railway History Made at St. Pancras as a Cargo Carrying TGV Makes First Visit to the Station". Rail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
- "[SNCF] Farewell tour for Patrick, the first TGV train". Eng News 24h. 2020-02-07. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
- "Goodbye "Patrick", the oldest TGV in France". www.tellerreport.com. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
- Garvin, Brian; Fox, Peter; Appleby, Chris (1986). SNCF/French National Railways. Sheffield: Platform Five. pp. 98–99. ISBN 0-906579-62-7.
- Spec Sheet (in French)