|Labels||Ninestyle Model Agency
Shanghai Star48 Culture & Media Co. Ltd.
SNH48 is a Chinese idol girl group based in Shanghai, China. Following AKB48's creator Yasushi Akimoto's concept of "idols you can meet", the group features dozens of female members around the age of 20, who perform regularly in the group's own theater and interact with fans predominantly via handshake events. The group is owned by Chinese companies NineStyle and Star48.
2012–2013: Creation and debut
On April 21, 2012, AKS Co., Ltd. and Chinese company Ninestyle jointly announced the establishment of SNH48. A theater was built in Shanghai beginning in October.
In January 2013, SNH48 debuted in the show "Give Me Power!", with 16 selected members on stage performing the Chinese version of "Heavy Rotation", "River" and "Ponytail to Shushu". In April MV "River" was released and the group participated in the "2013 Shanghai Strawberry Music Festival". In June the video for "Let's Become Cherry Blossom Trees" was released, as well as their first EP, Heavy Rotation (Traditional Chinese: 無盡旋轉, Simple Chinese: 无尽旋转, Pinyin: Wújìn Xuánzhuǎn). That same month the group performed overseas for the first time, at the Singapore "Asia Style Collection" Show with AKB48. In July the video for "Ponytail and Scrunchie" was released, and a month later their second EP, Flying Get (Traditional Chinese: 飛翔入手, Simple Chinese: 飞翔入手, Pinyin: Fēixiáng rùshǒu) and SNH48's theater, the Star Dream theater, was opened. In September SNH48 announced the result of their second audition, and 31 new members were added into the group. Mariya Suzuki and Sae Miyazawa made their theater debut in October, after receiving working visas from the Chinese government. In November the group held a concert in Guangzhou with an audience of 10,000, and released a third EP, Fortune Cookie of Love. In December SNH48 signed up for China's Got Talent (5th season).
2014–2015: Mae Shika Mukanee
On January 18, 2014, SNH48 held their first and only "Kouhaku Utagassen" (红白歌会) in Shanghai, of which Team SII won. Meanwhile, they began their third generation member audition. On March 12, they released their 4th EP, Heart Electric (心电感应).
On May 10, they released their first album, Mae Shika Mukanee (一心向前), in digital form, at the same time kick-starting voting for their first General Election. The physical copy was released one week later. During the first General Election held on July 26, Wu Zhehan emerged as winner, becoming the center for their next EP. Meanwhile, 30 third-generation members were announced.
On August 8, auditions for fourth-generation members kick-started.
On August 21, it was announced that the theater would be closed shortly for an upgrade. It would reopen on September 5, with a special stage by the Top 16 of 2014. During this stage, most third-generation members were allocated to Team HII, with some allocated to Team SII and Team NII.
On October 12, they released their fifth EP, UZA. Its music video was shot in South Korea.
On January 15, 2015, SNH48 released their sixth EP, Give Me Five! (青春的约定).
On January 31, they held their first Request Time, of which the songs performed at this event were determined by televoting. 18 fourth-generation members were announced during the event, all of whom would be assigned to Team X on April 17.
On March 18, auditions for fifth-generation members kick-started.
On March 28, they released their seventh EP, After Rain (雨季之后).
On May 15, they released their eight EP, Manatsu no Sounds Good! (盛夏好声音), which has its music video shot in Saipan. The EP included ballots for SNH48's second General Election. On June 22, their first documentary, Documentary of SNH48: Girls of Babel Tower was released. During the General Election of the year, held on July 25 at the Mercedes-Benz Arena, Shanghai, China, Zhao Jiamin was crowned winner. 43 fifth-generation members were announced at the event.
On October 31, SNH48 held its first "SNH48 Fashion Awards" (SNH48年度风尚大赏) at the Redtown in central Shanghai. It was the first of its kind within AKB48 and its sister groups.
On November 18, it was announced that the 36 fifth-generation members will be split into Teams A and B from the first stage performance on December 4. On December 4, the fifth-generation members were promoted to Team XII. On December 22, it was announced that members in Team XII would hold concurrent positions with Teams SII, NII, HII and X.
On December 26, they held their second Request Time. On December 8, they released their 10th EP, New Year's Bell (新年的钟声).
2016–present: Independence from AKB48, original releases
On January 18, 2016, SNH48 released their mini-movie Soulvenir.
On March 3, Tang Anqi, was the victim of attempted murder by being set on fire at a coffee shop in Shanghai and suffered severe burns on 80% of her body. Most people believed that it was due to the mishandling of a lighter, however evidence pointed towards a member of her fanclub, who poured oil over her during an argument.
SNH48 began its move towards originality by placing more emphasis on original material, starting from the release of their 11th EP, Engine of Youth (源动力) on March 25.
On March 26, they announced the first batch of 11 sixth-generation members. On April 20, SNH48's management company, Star48, announced the formation of two sister groups, BEJ48, based in Beijing, and GNZ48, based in Guangzhou, as well as the formation of three new sub-units, Color Girls, 7SENSES and ElectroEyes Girls. Auditions for SNH48 seventh-generation members and BEJ48 and GNZ48 first-generation members were also kick-started.
On May 20, SNH48 released their 12th and second original EP, Dream Land (梦想岛), which in its first time included BEJ48 and GNZ48 members. It includes ballots for SNH48's third General Election, and its music video was shot in Mauritius. Meanwhile, original stages were put up by various teams, starting from Team SII's "Journey of the Heart" on May 20 and Team NII's "Exclusive Party" on July 22.
On June 1, SNH48 released its second documentary, Documentary of SNH48: Taking Off Together (SNH48 比翼齐飞) for its third General Election.
On June 9, AKB48 removed all SNH48-related content on their website, declaring the group to be fully independent, after violating a contract. Overseas transfer member Mariya Suzuki's concurrent position was also removed. On June 10, SNH48 management side insisted that they were an independent unit from the start and were never a sub-unit of AKB48, and there was never a contract to begin with. On the same day, AKB48 removed Mariya Suzuki's concurrent position with SNH48, and SNH48-related materials were removed from JKT48's website. The next day, according to a report by Southern Metropolis Entertainment Weekly, AKB48 founder Kotaro Shiba made a call to the SNH48 management, saying that he fully understood and supported SNH48's move towards originality.
SNH48 held its third General Election on July 30 at the Mercedes-Benz Arena, with Ju Jingyi emerging as winner with 230,752.7 votes. During this event, a fourth sister group, SHY48, was announced.
On August 14, the SNH48 management company announced that there will be stricter checks on the members of SNH48 and its sister groups. As a result, two fifth-generation members of Team SII and two sixth-generation members of Team NII were dismissed from the group.
On September 15, during the Mid-Autumn Special Stage, 13 seventh-generation members were announced. Meanwhile, SNH48 Team X's Yan Mingjun is transferred to Team B due to academic reasons.
On October 12, they released their 13th EP, Princess's Cloak (公主披风). The title track's music video was shot in Madrid, Spain while the music videos for "Romantic Melody" and "A Yo Ai Yo" were shot in South Korea.
On October 29, Team X began its third stage, "The Flag Of The Dream".
On November 1, auditions are held for SNH48 eighth-generation members, BEJ48 second-generation members, GNZ48 second-generation members and SHY48 second-generation members, the first ever at a global scale.
On November 5, they held their second Fashion Awards at the Shanghai World Expo Exhibition and Convention Center, and introduced their own fashion label, "Idol's Generation".
On November 13, Team HII captain Wang Lu announced that she would leave SNH48 and resign from her position as captain, which is currently unconfirmed by the officials. If so, she would be the second SNH48 captain to leave, and the first captain to leave voluntarily.
On December 20, SNH48 released their 14th EP, Happy Wonder World (新年这一刻).
On January 7, 2017, they held their third "Request Time".
On January 12, they held the "SNH48 4th Anniversary Concert" at the Shanghai World Expo Exhibition Hall 4, involving all first-generation members as well as a few others from subsequent generations. It was later released in USB format on February 28.
On March 17, they released their 15th EP, Each Other's Future (彼此的未来).
On April 8, they held the "48 Idol Festival", with special stages held in all four theaters. Meanwhile, Team HII began its fourth stage, "Beautiful World", making the group and its sister groups' material fully original.
On May 19, they released their 16th EP, "Summer Pirates", of which its title song involves SHY48 members for the first time, and its music video is shot in Australia. It includes ballots for SNH48's fourth General Election.
On June 2, Star48 held the launching ceremony for SNH48's fourth General Election, in which a sister group, CKG48, was announced. Meanwhile, SNH48 released its third documentary, Documentary of SNH48: My Heart Soars (SNH48 我心翱翔).
On July 28, SNH48 held the 4th General Election Preheat Concert at the Mercedes-Benz Arena. During SNH48's fourth General Election held on July 29 at the same venue, Ju Jingyi won with 277781.3 votes, which is higher than the number of votes won by Rino Sashihara at AKB48's ninth General Election. On the same day, auditions were held for SNH48 ninth-generation members, BEJ48, GNZ48 and SHY48 fourth-generation members and CKG48 second-generation members.
SNH48's line-up has frequently changed due to departures, admissions and transfers of members to its sister groups. As of October 4, 2017, SNH48 has 107 members, divided into five teams: Team SII with 23 members, Team NII with 24 members, Team HII with 22 members, Team X with 19 members and Team XII with 19 members. SNH48 introduces members as understudies before promoting them to their various teams, however the practice was discontinued between 2016 and 2017 during the introduction of its sixth and seventh-generation members.
- 1st EP: "Heavy Rotation" (Chinese: 无尽旋转, Pinyin: Wújìn Xuánzhuǎn) - Released on June 13, 2013
- 2nd EP: "Flying Get" (Chinese: 飞翔入手, Pinyin: Fēixiáng rùshǒu) - Released on August 2, 2013
- 3rd EP: "Fortune Cookie of Love" (Chinese: 爱的幸运曲奇 , Pinyin: Ài de xìngyùn qū qí) - released on November 25, 2013 (Beijing) and November 29, 2013 (Shanghai)
- 4th EP: "Heart Electric" (Chinese: 心电感应 , Pinyin: Xīndiàn gǎnyìng) - Released on 12 March 2014
- 5th EP: "UZA" (Chinese: 呜吒) - Released on October 12, 2014
- 6th EP: "Give Me Five!" (Chinese: 青春的约定) - Released on January 15, 2015
- 7th EP: "After Rain" (Chinese: 雨季之后) - Released on March 28, 2015
- 8th EP: "Manatsu no Sounds Good!" (Chinese: 盛夏好声音) - Released on May 15, 2015
- 9th EP: "Halloween Night" (Chinese: 万圣节之夜) - Released on October 12, 2015
- 10th EP: "New Year's Bell" (Chinese: 新年的钟声) - Released on December 28, 2015
- 11th EP: "Engine of Youth" (Chinese: 源动力) - Released on March 25, 2016
- 12th EP: "Dream Land" (Chinese: 梦想岛) - Released on May 20, 2016
- 13th EP: "Princess's Cloak / Romantic Melody" (Chinese: 公主披风/浪漫关系) - Released on October 12, 2016
- 14th EP: "Happy Wonder World" (Chinese: 新年这一刻) - Released on December 20, 2016
- 15th EP: "Each Other's Future" (Chinese: 彼此的未来) - Released on March 17, 2017
- 16th EP: "Summer Pirates" (Chinese: 夏日柠檬船) - Released on May 19, 2017
- 17th EP: "Dawn in Naples / Glorious Times" (Chinese: 那不勒斯的黎明/绚丽时代) - Released on October 18, 2017
- 1st Album: "Mae Shika Mukanee" (Chinese: 一心向前) - Released on May 10, 2014
Awards and nominations
|2013||6th Music Billboard New Artists' Awards Ceremony (Chinese: 第6届玉兰油北京音乐风云榜新人盛典)||Most Potential Group Award||Won|
|2014||21st Oriental Billboard (Chinese: 第21届东方风云榜)||Best New Artist||Won|
|2nd Yinyuetai Awards (Chinese: 第二届音悦V榜年度盛典)||Best New Group (Chinese Mainland)||Won|
|2015||22nd Oriental Billboard (Chinese: 第22届东方风云榜)||Best Group||Nominated|
|Best Track of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Local Artist||Won|
|WebTVAsia Awards 2015||Breakout Artist||Won|
|2016||23rd Oriental Billboard (Chinese: 第23届东方风云榜)||People's Choice Award||Won|
|2016 Fresh Asia Music (Chinese: 2016亚洲新歌榜)||Best Group||Won|
|Best Music Video||Won|
|2016 Music Pioneer Awards (Chinese: 音乐先锋榜2016年度颁奖典礼)||Pioneer Most Popular Group||Won|
|Top 10 Tracks of the Year||Won|
|2017||2016 Shanghai Influence Award (Chinese: 2016上海影响力颁奖盛典)||Shanghai Influence Award||Won|
|2017 Weibo Night Awards (Chinese: 2017微博之夜)||Most Popular Group||Won|
|Chinese Music Network (Chinese: 中国音乐联播榜年度盛典)||Best Group of the Year||Won|
|Top 10 Songs||Won|
|24th Oriental Billboard (Chinese: 第24届东方风云榜)||Breakout Group||Won|
|Best Pop Collaboration||Won|
|17th Top Chinese Music Awards (Chinese: 第17届音乐风云榜)||Group Receiving Most Attention||Won|
|2017 China Youth Day Gala (Chinese: 激扬青春梦-2017年「5月的鲜花」五四青年节晚会)||Outstanding Youth||Won|
|CNR MusicRadio Awards (Chinese: 中国TOP排行榜颁奖盛典)||All Media Choice Award – Group||Won|
According to the Financial Times, SNH48 is described as being "run more like a tech start-up than a musical group". Its strategy, which is modelled after AKB48's, involves teams of interchangeable singers, allowing to build generations of female stars and longer-lasting revenue streams. In May 2017, it is reported that they had raised more than $150 million from investors.
Based on AKB48's "idols you can meet" concept, SNH48 formed two sister groups, BEJ48 (Beijing) and GNZ48 (Guangzhou) in 2016. During SNH48's third General Election on July 30, 2016, SHY48, based in Shenyang, was announced. On June 2, 2017, a fourth sister group, CKG48, based in Chongqing, was announced. On September 25, 2017, a fifth sister group, CGT48, based in Chengdu, was announced.
During SNH48's third Request Time on January 7, 2017, Star48 announced the formation of boy band N2M, however on February 24, in order for it to concentrate on SNH48 and its sister groups, the management of N2M is to be transferred to Nuclear Fire Media.
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- "关于SNH48" (in Chinese). SNH48中国官方网站. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "The fans are fantastic". Global Times站. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- "周杰倫后街男孩SNH48演唱會扎堆上海 巨星新秀多重驚喜" (in Chinese). Yes娛樂. 2013-05-22.
- "视频：SNH48萌杀草莓音乐节 手绘可爱草莓T恤" (in Chinese). 南海网. 2013-05-03.
- "SNH48首支剧情MV《化作樱花树》正式版发布". SNH48. 2013-06-06.
- "SNH48新MV《化作樱花树》致敬即将告别的青春". 北京青年报. 2013-06-06.
- "SNH48首张正能量EP大碟《無盡旋轉》今日正式预售！". SNH48. 2013-06-13.
- SNH48新加坡ASC首秀 与AKB48、少女时代同台竞技
- AKB48、SNH48新加坡ASC受赞 少女时代被指耍大牌
- SNH48《马尾与发圈》MV首播 成员着泳装亮相
- "SNH48红白歌会1月18日上海大舞台激情战响" (in Chinese). SNH48 Official Website. 2014-01-18. Retrieved 2014-01-19.
- "梦想不需要仰望，SNH48三期生招募今日正式启动！" (in Chinese). SNH48 Official Website. 2014-01-18. Retrieved 2014-01-19.
- "SNH48马年首张EP《心电感应》下周开启预售 让我们一起Rock". 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Lyme, Chloe (2 March 2016). "Chinese pop star accidentally sets HERSELF on fire after argument with friend". Daily Mail. DMG Media. Daily Mail and General Trust. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "SNH48 Tang Anqi deliberately burnt by fan Miyamoto?". SporeLa.com. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "关于SNH48四期生闫明筠移籍BEJ48公告" (in cn). BEJ48 Official Website. 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
- "SNH48 H队首场原创公演《Beautiful World》（美丽世界）闪耀上演". SNH48 Official Website (in Chinese). 8 April 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "SNH48 GROUP第四届总决选启动仪式举行 年度纪录片燃情首映". SNH48 Official Website (in Chinese). 2 June 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "SNH48姐妹团BEJ48、GNZ48、SHY48魅力绽放总决选预热场演唱会". SNH48 Official Website (in Chinese). 26 July 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "SNH48 GROUP第四届总决选落幕 鞠婧祎问鼎年度人气王". SNH48 Official Website (in Chinese). 30 July 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "“我心翱翔”SNH48GROUP第四届总决选最终结果公布 鞠婧祎连霸". SNH48 Official Website (in Chinese). 29 July 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "SNH48 GROUP 五团联合招募开启，让青春闪耀 为梦想加冕" (in Chinese). 31 July 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- Feng, Emily (8 June 2017). "Chinese teenagers dance to new generation of girl bands". Financial Times. The Nikkei. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- Wang, Amy X. "China’s latest investor-funded startup is actually a 200-member girl band". Quartz. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- Official website (in Chinese)