SN 1181

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Supernova SN 1181
3C58 xray.jpg
3C 58, a pulsar wind nebula, is the presumed remnant.
Other designations SN 1181, SNR G130.7+03.1
Event type Supernova remnant, History of supernova observation Edit this on Wikidata
Spectral class Unknown
Date between 4 August and 6 August 1181
Constellation Cassiopeia
Right ascension 2h 5m 38s[1]
Declination +64° 49.7′[1]
Epoch J2000
Galactic coordinates g.130.719+03.084[1]
Distance >8kpc
Remnant Unknown
Host Milky Way
Progenitor Unknown
Progenitor type Unknown
Colour (B-V) Unknown
Notable features Visible at night for 185 days
Peak apparent magnitude -1?
See also
Preceded by SN 1054
Followed by SN 1572

First observed between August 4 and August 6, 1181, Chinese and Japanese astronomers recorded the supernova now known as SN 1181 in eight separate texts. One of only eight supernovae in the Milky Way observable with the naked eye in recorded history, it appeared in the constellation Cassiopeia and was visible in the night sky for about 185 days.

The radio and X-ray pulsar J0205+6449 (also known as 3C 58), which rotates about 15 times per second, is possibly the remnant from this event. If the supernova and pulsar are associated, the star is still rotating about as quickly as it did when it first formed.[2] This is in contrast to the Crab pulsar, known to be the remnant of the SN 1054 supernova in the year 1054, which has lost two-thirds of its rotational energy in essentially the same time span.[3] Recent radio surveys of 3C 58, however, indicate that this supernova remnant may be much older and thus not associated with SN 1181.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "SIMBAD Astronomical Database". Results for SN 1181. Retrieved 2013-11-05. 
  2. ^ Panagia, N.; Weiler, K. W. (1980). "The absolute magnitude and the type classification of SN 1181 equals 3 C 58". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 82 (3): 389–391. Bibcode:1980A&A....82..389P. 
  3. ^ Galas, C. M. F.; Tuohy, I. R.; Garmire, G. P. (1980). "Soft X-ray observations of the supernova remnants HB 3 and 3C 58". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 236: L13–L16. Bibcode:1980ApJ...236L..13G. doi:10.1086/183188. 
  4. ^ Bietenholz, M. F. (2006). "Radio Images of 3C 58: Expansion and Motion of Its Wisp" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 645 (2): 1180–1187. arXiv:astro-ph/0603197Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006ApJ...645.1180B. doi:10.1086/504584.