SN 1181

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Supernova SN 1181
3C58 xray.jpg
3C 58, a pulsar wind nebula, is the presumed remnant.
Observation data (Epoch J2000)
Supernova type Unknown
Remnant type Unknown
Host galaxy Milky Way
Constellation Cassiopeia
Right ascension 2h 5m 38s[1]
Declination +64° 49.7′[1]
Galactic coordinates g.130.719+03.084[1]
Discovery date year 1181 ce
Peak magnitude (V) -1?
Distance >8kpc
Physical characteristics
Progenitor Unknown
Progenitor type Unknown
Colour (B-V) Unknown
Notable features Visible at night for 185 days
Other SNe
Preceded by SN 1054
Succeeded by SN 1572

First observed between August 4 and August 6, 1181, Chinese and Japanese astronomers recorded the supernova now known as SN 1181 in eight separate texts. One of only eight supernovae in the Milky Way observable with the naked eye in recorded history, it appeared in the constellation Cassiopeia and was visible in the night sky for about 185 days.

The radio and X-ray pulsar J0205+6449 (also known as 3C 58), which rotates about 15 times per second, is possibly the remnant from this event. If the supernova and pulsar are associated, the star is still rotating about as quickly as it did when it first formed.[2] This is in contrast to the Crab pulsar, known to be the remnant of the SN 1054 supernova in the year 1054, which has lost two-thirds of its rotational energy in essentially the same time span.[3] Recent radio surveys of 3C 58, however, indicate that this supernova remnant may be much older and thus not associated with SN 1181.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "SIMBAD Astronomical Database". Results for SN 1181. Retrieved 2013-11-05. 
  2. ^ Panagia, N.; Weiler, K. W. (February 1980). "The absolute magnitude and the type classification of SN 1181 equals 3 C 58". Astronomy and Astrophysics 82 (3): 389–391. Bibcode:1980A&A....82..389P. 
  3. ^ Galas, C. M. F.; Tuohy, I. R.; Garmire, G. P. (February 15, 1980). "Soft X-ray observations of the supernova remnants HB 3 and 3C 58". The Astrophysical Journal Letters 236: L13–L16. Bibcode:1980ApJ...236L..13G. doi:10.1086/183188. 
  4. ^ Bietenholz, M. F. (July 10, 2006). "Radio Images of 3C 58: Expansion and Motion of Its Wisp" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal 645 (2): 1180–1187. arXiv:astro-ph/0603197. Bibcode:2006ApJ...645.1180B. doi:10.1086/504584.