SOS (ABBA song)

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"SOS"
SOS - Man In The Middle.jpg
Single by ABBA
from the album ABBA
B-side"Man in the Middle"
ReleasedJune 1975 (Sweden)
8 September 1975 (US)
20 September 1975 (UK)
Recorded22–23 August 1974
StudioGlen Studio
GenrePop
Length3:22
LabelPolar (Sweden)
Epic (UK)
Atlantic (US)
Mushroom/Warner Bros. (Oceania)
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • Björn Ulvaeus
  • Benny Andersson
ABBA singles chronology
"Rock Me"
(1975)
"SOS"
(1975)
"Mamma Mia"
(1975)
Music video
"SOS" on YouTube

"SOS" was the third single from Swedish pop group ABBA's self-titled 1975 album, their third for Polar Music and their second for Epic and Atlantic.[1] It was released with "Man in the Middle" as the B-side. Agnetha Fältskog, who sang lead, recorded the song in Swedish on her 1975 solo album Elva kvinnor i ett hus.[2] "SOS" was ABBA's first major worldwide hit since "Waterloo".

History[edit]

"SOS" (working title; "Turn Me On") was written by Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus and Stig Anderson and was recorded at Glen Studio in Långängen, Sweden on 22–23 August 1974.[3] The title itself was coined by Stig, though the lyrics he provided were re-written by Ulvaeus.[1] "SOS" was among the first of three songs recorded for the group's 1975 album, ABBA and the opening track of their classic Greatest Hits LP released at the end of the same year.

The song opens with a piano intro, followed by the first verse sung by Fältskog. Palm described it as 'Agnetha's first 'heartbreak classic, wherein the tear-filled vocal delivery, her trademark, would blend an Anglo-Saxon pop melody, with a dash of Swedish melancholy.[1]

Lyricist Ulvaeus has said that, after three years of trying to figure out what style would define them, ABBA found its identity as a pop group with the release of "SOS".[4] While Palm described it as 'pure ABBA'.[1]

During the band's first visit to the United States, ABBA performed "SOS" on the long-running television program American Bandstand on 15 November 1975.[5][6] The promotional video was directed by Lasse Hallström and released in the same year, along with the single.[7] The video and three others (for "I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do", "Mamma Mia" and "Bang-A-Boomerang"), were completed in two days for a total cost of Kr 50,000 (£5,500).[3] The video was uploaded to YouTube on 8 October 2009, on the AbbaVEVO channel, and has almost 59 million views as of June 2020.[8]

The song is also featured in the concert film ABBA: The Movie (1977) and Live at Wembley Arena, released in 2014.[9]

Reception[edit]

I remember hearing "S.O.S". on the radio in the States and realizing that it was Abba. But it was too late, because I was already transported by it. I just thought it was such a great sound, you know – great bass drum and the whole thing..

Pete Townshend,
Rolling Stone Magazine, June 1982

"SOS" marked a significant turnaround in ABBA's fortunes and returned them to the Top 10 in many countries.[10] Reaching #6 and #4 respectively, "SOS" started a run of 18 consecutive Top 10 hits for ABBA in the UK and Ireland.[11][12] "SOS" reached #1 in Australia, Belgium, France, West Germany (where it spent 7 weeks at the top), New Zealand and South Africa, and was a Top 3 hit in Austria, the Netherlands, Norway, Italy (where it became ABBA's most successful hit), Mexico, Rhodesia and Switzerland. The song also became ABBA's second Top 20 hit in the United States, peaking at #15.[13][14]

Chicago radio station WLS, which gave "SOS" much airplay, ranked the song as the 61st biggest hit of 1975.[15] It peaked at number six on their survey of 22 November 1975.[16]

"SOS" has been recorded and performed in concert by several prominent artists, including John Frusciante, Peter Cetera, Chris deBurgh, Cher, Portishead, Fozzy, and Canadian rock group Headstones. Erasure covered SOS and three other Abba songs on their 1992 E.P. Abba-Esque, reaching number one in the UK singles chart.[17]

Ray Davies of The Kinks said that he was taken with the song after seeing the group perform it on the BBC television show Seaside Special.[18]

American singer-songwriter and former Czars frontman John Grant has called "SOS" "one of the greatest pieces of music ever made", adding that Agnetha Fältskog's "perfect" lyrical interpretation and emotional delivery is "a beautiful thing".[4] British conductor and producer Charles Hazlewood called the song's "supersonic" transition from an acoustic D-minor key to an electric rock motif "absolutely genius".[4]

Sex Pistols bassist Glen Matlock has claimed to have been inspired to write the main riff of Pretty Vacant after hearing "SOS" on a jukebox.[19]

ABBA's performance of "SOS" on American Bandstand in 1975 has been included on lists of the most significant performances in the show's 31 seasons by several reviewers and critics. Bill Lamb put the song at number five,[20] as did Alicia Diaz Dennis[21] and Andres Jauregui.[22]

ABBA performed "SOS" on episode five of the inaugural season of the long-running comedy-variety show Saturday Night Live (SNL) on 15 November 1975.[23] SNL head writer Michael O'Donoghue staged the performance on a set of the deck of the Titanic and continued the sketch while the band were performing, according to bandleader Paul Shaffer, "They kept on singing like the pros that they are."[24]

To date, the song is the only Hot 100 single (or #1 single in Australia[25]) in which both the title and the credited act (and also the musical genre) are palindromes.[26]

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."SOS"
  • Andersson
  • Ulvaeus
  • Anderson
3:24
2."Man in the Middle"
  • Andersson
  • Ulvaeus
3:04

Personnel[edit]

Chart performance[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Germany
physical
500,000[42]
Japan (RIAJ)[43]
2001 release
Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[44]
digital sales since 2004
Silver 200,000double-dagger

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

Agnetha Fältskog version[edit]

"SOS"
Single by Agnetha Fältskog
from the album Elva kvinnor i ett hus
ReleasedJune 1975 (Sweden)
8 September 1975 (US)
20 September 1975 (UK)
Recorded22–23 August 1974
StudioGlen Studio
GenrePop
Length3:22
LabelCupol
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • Björn Ulvaeus
  • Benny Andersson
Music video
"SOS" on YouTube

Agnetha Fältskog's version was the second single from her fifth Swedish solo-album Elva kvinnor i ett hus (Eleven Women in One House).[1] It was the only song from this album not to have been composed by Fältskog herself. Despite the fact that Fältskog never promoted the single in Sweden, it peaked at No. 4 on the singles chart on 1 January 1976 during a 20-week chart run, and it also became Fältskog's third No. 1 on radio chart Svensktoppen, entering the chart on 22 November 1975 and spending a total of eleven weeks on the listing.[45] The B-side of the single, "Visa I Åttonde Månaden" (Song in the Eighth Month) was a song written from a very personal perspective, as it was composed during Fältskog's pregnancy with daughter Linda Ulvaeus in 1973.[3]

Cher version[edit]

"SOS"
Cher - SOS - Single.png
Single by Cher
from the album Dancing Queen
Released23 August 2018
Recorded2018
GenrePop
Length3:22
LabelWarner Bros.
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Mark Taylor
Cher singles chronology
"Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)"
(2018)
"SOS"
(2018)
"One of Us"
(2018)
Music video
"SOS" on YouTube

American singer Cher's version was the second single from her 2018 album Dancing Queen. It was released on 23 August 2018.[46] The song peaked at number 56 in the Scottish singles chart in August of that year.[citation needed]

Critical reception[edit]

Writing for Rolling Stone, Brittany Spanos felt that "working with producer Mark Taylor who helped seal Cher’s legacy with the game-changing "Believe" in the late Nineties, she finds subtle changes that update ABBA classics without totally stripping them of the catchiness that made those songs beloved hits well beyond their heyday. "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)," "SOS" and "Mamma Mia" are given just enough of a knob turn that they're transformed from upbeat FM radio pop into club bangers, pulsating with every beat."[47]

Music video[edit]

An accompanying music video for "SOS" was directed by Jake Wilson, and was premiered through Cher's official YouTube channel on 18 September 2018. The video features Rumer Willis, singer Betty Who, Transparent star Trace Lysette, comedian Sabrina Jalees, Elena of Avalor voice actor Aimee Carrero and Crazy Ex-Girlfriend cast member Vella Lovell. It was styled by fashion director William Graper in a similar fashion to the original ABBA video.[48] It was also listed as the 18th best music video of 2018 by Paper. Roytel Montero said that "in a studied homage to the original ABBA classic from 1975, [the] interpretation of the video renders it a poignant call to female solidarity".[49]

Live performances[edit]

Cher appeared on The Ellen Show on 7 September 2018, to promote her ABBA tribute album, Dancing Queen. During her appearance on Ellen, Cher also performed her rendition of ABBA’s "SOS" and discussed her upcoming world tour.[50] During her Here We Go Again Tour she performs "SOS" together with "Waterloo" and "Fernando".[51] On 31 October 2018 "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)" and "Take Me Home" were cut from her Classic Cher concert residency and "Waterloo", "SOS" and "Fernando" were added.[52]

Track listings and formats[edit]

Digital download[edit]

  • "SOS" – 3:22

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits for Dancing Queen adapted from AllMusic.[53]

Management[edit]

  • Published by Universal Songs of PolyGramInt., Inc. (ASCAP) and EMI Grove Park Music Inc. (BMI)
  • Recorded by Mark Taylor and Paul Meehan at Metrophonic Studios, London
  • Mixed at by Matt Furmidge and Mark Taylor at Metrophonic Studios, London
  • Mastered by Sthephen Marcussen Mastering, Hollywood, CA

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (2018) Peak
position
CIS (Tophit)[54] 688
Scotland (OCC)[55] 56
UK Singles Sales (Official Charts Company)[56] 78

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Palm, Carl Magnus. (2005). Abba : the complete guide to their music. London: Omnibus Press. pp. 29–30. ISBN 1-84449-505-1. OCLC 60589495.
  2. ^ "Agnetha Fältskog - Elva Kvinnor I Ett Hus". Discogs. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Palm, Carl Magnus (28 October 2009). Bright Lights, Dark Shadows: The Real Story of ABBA. Omnibus Press. ISBN 9780857120571 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c BBC documentary "The Joy of ABBA", produced by Ben Whalley (2013).
  5. ^ AwardsShowNetwork. "American Bandstand". Abba on Tv. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  6. ^ Rees, Dafydd (1999). Rock stars encyclopedia. Crampton, Luke., Rees, Dafydd. (New rev., 1st American ed.). New York: DK Publishers. p. 8. ISBN 0-7894-4613-8. OCLC 41137541.
  7. ^ Sheridan, Simon. The Complete ABBA, London, England, Titan Books, 22 May 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2017. ISBN 9781781164983
  8. ^ AbbaVEVO (8 October 2009), Abba - SOS, retrieved 18 June 2017
  9. ^ Elliott, Mark (10 November 2020). "'Live At Wembley Arena': How ABBA Went Beyond All Expectations". uDiscover Music. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  10. ^ Kennaugh, Jonathan (1996). "Abba". Rock : the rough guide. Jonathan Buckley, Mark Ellingham, Justin Lewis, Jill Furmanovsky (eds) (1st ed.). London: Rough Guides. pp. 3–4. ISBN 1-85828-201-2. OCLC 35981756.
  11. ^ "United Kingdom". Home.zipworld.com.au. 4 September 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Ireland". Home.zipworld.com.au. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  13. ^ "S.O.S Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  14. ^ "United States of America". 13 October 2009. Archived from the original on 30 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  15. ^ "WLS : THE BIG 89 OF 1975". Oldiesloon.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  16. ^ "WLS : MUSICRADIO SURVEY : NOVEMBER 22, 1975 VOL. 16, NO. 7". Users.qwest.net. 22 November 1975. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 75 | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  18. ^ A is for ABBA, TV documentary. BBC television, July 1993
  19. ^ "I Was A Teenage Sex Pistol". The Quietus.
  20. ^ Lamb, Bill. "American Bandstand - 10 Great Performances". Top40.about.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  21. ^ Alicia Dennis (19 April 2012). "Remembering Dick Clark: The Best of 'American Bandstand' - Beyond the Charts". Zimbio.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  22. ^ Andres Jauregui (18 April 2012). "'American Bandstand': Dick Clark's Greatest Moments (VIDEOS)". HuffPost. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  23. ^ "SNL Season 01 Episode 05 - Robert Klein, ABBA, Loudon Wainwright III - NBC.com". NBC. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  24. ^ "Archive interview: Paul Shaffer (Part 2 of 4)". Television Academy Foundation. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  25. ^ "ABBA – Group". Last.fm groups. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  26. ^ Whitburn, J. (2004) The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 8th ed. New York: Billboard Books
  27. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  28. ^ a b c d e f "Dutch Charts - dutchcharts.nl". dutchcharts.nl.
  29. ^ Canada, Library and Archives (17 July 2013). "Image : RPM Weekly". bac-lac.gc.ca.
  30. ^ "Songs from the Year 1975". Tsort.info. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  31. ^ "SA Charts 1965–March 1989". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  32. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1993). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-1993. Record Research. p. 11.
  33. ^ Downey, Pat; Albert, George; Hoffmann, Frank W (1994). Cash Box pop singles charts, 1950–1993. Libraries Unlimited. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-56308-316-7.
  34. ^ "Image : RPM Weekly - Library and Archives Canada". Bac-lac.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
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  39. ^ "Britain's best selling records of '75". Record Mirror. London. 10 January 1976. p. 12. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  40. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 428. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
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  42. ^ "International - From The Music Capitols of the World - Hamburg" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 40 no. 36. 17 April 1976. p. 74. Retrieved 16 September 2020 – via World Radio History.
  43. ^ "Japanese single certifications – ABBA – SOS" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved 6 May 2020. Select 2001年2月 on the drop-down menu
  44. ^ "British single certifications – ABBA – SOS". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  45. ^ "swedishcharts.com - Swedish Charts Portal". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  46. ^ "Hear Cher Belt Out Emotional Version of ABBA's 'SOS'". Rolling Stone.
  47. ^ "Review: Cher Lovingly Updates ABBA's Hits on 'Dancing Queen'". Rolling Stone. 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  48. ^ "Betty Who, Trace Lysette, Rumer Willis, Vella Lovell, Lauren Weedman and More Lip Sync Cher's ABBA-esque 'S.O.S.' Video". towleroad.com. 12 October 2018.
  49. ^ Montero, Roytel (17 December 2018). "PAPER's Top 20 Music Videos of 2018". Paper. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  50. ^ "Ellen DeGeneres Trolls Cher With Cheesy Impersonation of 'If I Could Turn Back Time'". Rolling Stone. 12 October 2018.
  51. ^ Cashmere, Paul (24 September 2018). "Cher Opens Here We Go Again Tour in Auckland And Then Heads Out For Gelato". Nosie11. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  52. ^ Caulfield, Keith (9 February 2017). "Cher Returns to the Concert Stage With Glitz & Hits (But No Politics)". Billboard. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  53. ^ "Dancing Queen - Cher | Credits". AllMusic.
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External links[edit]