The SPARC Enterprise series is a range of UNIX server computers based on the SPARC V9 architecture. It was co-developed by Sun Microsystems and Fujitsu, announced on June 1st, 2004 and introduced in 2007. They were marketed and sold by Sun Microsystems (later Oracle Corporation, after their acquisition of Sun), Fujitsu, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers under the common brand of "SPARC Enterprise", superseding Sun's Sun Fire and Fujitsu's PRIMEPOWER server product lines. Codename is APL (Advanced Product Line).
Since 2010, servers based on new SPARC CMT processors (SPARC T3 and later) have been branded as Oracle's SPARC T-Series servers, the "SPARC Enterprise" brand being dropped. Fujitsu continued to sell SPARC T-Series as their SPARC Enterprise product line until December 2015. Fujitsu rebranded the product line to "SPARC Servers" since SPARC M10 released in 2013 and continued to sell SPARC M-Series and T-Series with their new brand.
|Model||Height, RU||Max. processors||Processor frequency||Max. memory||Max. disk capacity||GA date|
|M3000||2||1× SPARC64 VII or VII+||2.52, 2.75 GHz (VII) or 2.86 GHz (VII+)||64 GB||4× 2.5-inch SAS||October 2008 (2.52 GHz), February 2010 (2.75 GHz), April 2011 (VII+)|
|M4000||6||4× SPARC64 VI or VII or VII+||2.15 GHz (VI), 2.53 GHz (VII), or 2.66 GHz (VII+)||256 GB||2× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M5000||10||8× SPARC64 VI, VII or VII+||2.15 GHz (VI), 2.53 GHz (VII), or 2.66 GHz (VII+)||512 GB||4× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M8000||N/A||16× SPARC64 VI, VII, or VII+||2.28, 2.4 GHz (VI), 2.52, 2.88 GHz (VII), or 3.0 GHz (VII+)||1024 GB||16× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M9000||N/A||32 or 64× SPARC64 VI, VII, or VII+||2.28, 2.4 GHz (VI), 2.52, 2.88 GHz (VII), or 3.0 GHz (VII+)||4096 GB||64× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|T1000||1||1× UltraSPARC T1||1.0 GHz||32 GB||1× 3.5-inch SATA or 2× 2.5-inch SAS||March 2006|
|T2000||2||1× UltraSPARC T1||1.0, 1.2, 1.4 GHz||64 GB||Up to 4× 2.5-inch SAS||December 2005|
|T5120||1||1× UltraSPARC T2||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to 8× 2.5-inch SAS||November 2007|
|T5140||1||2× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to 8× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2008|
|T5220||2||1× UltraSPARC T2||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to 16× 2.5-inch SAS||November 2007|
|T5240||2||2× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4, 1.6 GHz||256 GB||Up to 16× 2.5-inch SAS||April 2008|
|T5440||4||4× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4, 1.6 GHz||512 GB||Up to 4× 2.5-inch SAS||Oct 2008|
SPARC64 processor based models (M-series)
- M3000 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
- M4000 - Up to 4 processor sockets, 6U rack-mount
- M5000 - Up to 8 processor sockets, 10U rack-mount
- M8000 - Up to 16 processor sockets, one data center rack
- M9000 - Up to 64 processor sockets, one or two data center racks
The SPARC64 VI is a dual-core processor, with each core featuring two-way vertical multi-threading (VMT). A M9000 server configured with the maximum number of processors supports running 256 concurrent threads. VMT is a coarse-grained multi-threading implementation. Each core in the SPARC64 VI can handle two strands or threads. VMT switches execution from one strand to the other on the basis of events. To execute instructions from another thread, the pipeline must be saved/flushed and switched to the registers for the other thread. These events include L2 cache misses, a hardware timer exception, interrupts, or some multi-threading-related control instructions. This is also called Switch On Event (SOE) threading.
In 2008, Fujitsu released the SPARC64 VII, a quad-core processor, with each core featuring two-way simultaneous multi-threading. Existing M-class servers will be able to upgrade to the SPARC64 VII processors in the field.
In 2010, Fujitsu released the SPARC64 VII+, running at higher frequency and with a larger L2 cache than its predecessor. A SPARC64 VII or SPARC64 VII+ processor module includes four physical cores, where each core can execute two threads. Each physical core is able to run both threads simultaneously. With SMT, there is no context-switch time and the two threads share the instruction pipeline smoothly. When both are ready to run, they alternate cycles for superscalar instruction issue, and share the functional units according to need.
An important capability of the M-Series is the ability to mix processor generations and clock speeds in the same system and domain. All M-Series servers can have both SPARC64 VI and SPARC64 VII CPUs installed and they will run at their native speeds, with no clocking down to the slowest CPU.
UltraSPARC T processor based models (T-series)
- T1000 - 1 processor socket, 1U rack-mount
- T2000 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
In October 2007, Sun added the UltraSPARC T2-based servers to the SPARC Enterprise line:
- T5120 - 1 processor socket, 1U rack-mount
- T5220 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
In April 2008, Sun added the UltraSPARC T2 Plus-based servers to the SPARC Enterprise line:
- T5140 - 2 processor sockets, 1U rack-mount
- T5240 - 2 processor sockets, 2U rack-mount
In October 2008, Sun released the 4-way SMP UltraSPARC T2 Plus-based server:
- T5440 - 4 processor sockets, 4U rack-mount
Partitioning and virtualization
The UltraSPARC T1, UltraSPARC T2/T2+ models partition the system using Logical Domains.
Both M-series and T-series models support Solaris Containers, which supports a maximum of 8191 non-global zones in each Dynamic Domain or Logical Domain.
- "Community Development Comes to Hardware". Sun Microsystems. Archived from the original on 2009-06-14. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- "Improving Application Efficiency Through Chip Multi-Threading". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise Server Family Architecture: Flexible, Mainframe-Class Compute Power for the Datacenter" (PDF). Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2008-04-21.
- "Oracle and Fujitsu Enhance SPARC Enterprise M-Series Servers with New Processor". Oracle. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise M9000 Breaks a Teraflop". supercomputingonline.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14.[dead link]
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise M9000 server". Transaction Processing Performance Council. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- "SPARC Enterprise M8000 server". SPEC. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "SPARC Enterprise M8000 server". SPEC. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Introduction to Dynamic Reconfiguration and Capacity on Demand for Sun SPARC Enterprise Servers". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-25.
- "High Availability in the Data Center" (PDF). Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "System and Resource Management" (PDF). Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- SPARC Servers (Oracle)
- SPAC Enterprise(for Japanese, archived on 2017-08-14)
- Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise Servers (for European, African and Middle Eastern markets, archived on 2009-02-09)
- UNIX Servers SPARC Enterprise (Fujitsu global)
- Fujitsu Computer Systems SPARC Enterprise Servers (For North American markets, archived on 2014-10-13)