SPG-9

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SPG-9
SPG-9M rus.jpeg
A Russian SPG-9M
Type Recoilless gun
Anti-tank gun
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1962–present
Wars Vietnam War
Iran–Iraq War
Gulf War
Lebanese Civil War
Iraq War
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Iraq Civil War (2014–present)
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)[1][2]
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
Specifications
Weight 47.5 kg (105 lb)
59.5 kg (131 lb)
with the tripod[3]
Length 2.11 m (6 ft 11 in)[3]
Width 99 cm (3 ft 3 in)
allowing for full weapon traverse[3]
Height 80 cm (2 ft 7 in)[3]
Crew 2 (1 gunner, 1 loader)

Caliber 73 mm (2.87 in) smoothbore[3]
Breech Interrupted screw[3]
Recoil None
Carriage Tripod
Elevation +7°/−3°
Traverse 30° total
Rate of fire 5–6 rounds per minute[3]
Muzzle velocity 250 to 435 m/s
(800 to 1,427 ft/s)
Effective firing range 800 m (875 yds)
Maximum firing range 1,200 m to 6,500 m
(1,300 to 7,100 yd)
Feed system Manually breech loaded
Sights PGO-9 optical 4× sight or PGN-9 IR and passive night sight

The SPG-9 Kopye (Spear) is a tripod-mounted man-portable, 73 millimetre calibre recoilless gun developed by the Soviet Union. It fires fin-stabilised, rocket-assisted HE and HEAT projectiles similar to those fired by the 73 mm 2A28 Grom low pressure gun of the BMP-1 armored vehicle. It was accepted into service in 1962, replacing the B-10 recoilless rifle.

Description[edit]

The projectile is launched from the gun by a small charge, which gives it an initial velocity of between 250 and 400 metres per second. The launch charge also imparts spin to the projectile by a series of offset holes. Once the projectile has travelled approximately 20 meters (65.6 feet) from the launcher, a rocket motor in its base ignites. For the PG-9 projectile, this takes it to a velocity of 700 metres per second (2,296.6 feet per second) before the motor burns out.

The SPG-9 is light, and is normally transported by vehicle, and carried into position by its two crew. It can be deployed in around a minute. The weapon is in service with a large number of armed forces, and a variety of ammunition is produced; however, they are mostly copies of the original Soviet PG-9 HEAT and OG-9 FRAG-HE rounds.

The SPG-9 is widely available to terrorists and maritime pirates such as in the Horn of Africa region, as well as in other regions to a lesser degree. It is not as popular as the RPG-7 because it has to be mounted on a vehicle or boat and cannot be easily carried and shoulder fired. The SPG-9 requires much more skill to fire accurately in comparison to the RPG-7. There have been reports of these mounted in skiffs and larger "mother ships". The SPG-9 can typically be found mounted on a wide variety of vehicles known as "technicals" in Somalia.

A variant for use with airborne troops including detachable wheels was built as the SPG-9D.

Combat Usage[edit]

SPG-9 was used by both sides during Transnistria War, at least one combat kill, T-64BV of Russian peacekeepers was destroyed using SPG.[4]

Projectiles[edit]

Round
(projectile)
Type Weight Fuze Length Explosive
content
Muzzle
velocity
Effective
range
Maximum
range
Armour
penetration
Notes
PG-9
(PG-9V)
HEAT-FS 4.39 kg VP-9 920 mm 0.322 kg
of hexogen
435 m/s 800 m 1,300 m 300 mm
PG-9N HEAT-FS VP-9 920 mm 0.340 kg
of OKFOL-3.5[5]
435 m/s 800 m 1,300 m 400 mm
PG-9VS HEAT-FS 4.4 kg ? 920 mm ? 1,300 m ? 400 mm -
PG-9VNT
(PG-9NT)
HEAT-FS 3.2 kg ? 920 mm ? 400 m/s 700 m 1,200 m 550 mm or
400 mm behind ERA
Tandem warhead
OG-9V
(OG-9)
FRAG-HE 5.35 kg GO-2 or
O-4M
1062 mm 0.735 kg
of TNT
316 m/s n/a Cast iron casing
OG-9VM
(OG-9M)
FRAG-HE 5.35 kg GO-2 or
O-4M
1062 mm 0.655 kg
of TD-50[6]
316 m/s n/a
OG-9VM1
(OG-9V)
FRAG-HE 5.35 kg GO-2 or
O-4M
1062 mm ? 316 m/s 4,500 m n/a
OG-9BG[7]
(OG-9G)
FRAG-HE 6.9 kg O-4M 1030 mm 0.750 kg 316 m/s 7,500 m n/a Bulgarian made
OG-9BG1
(OG-9G1)
FRAG-HE 5.48 kg O-4M 1024 mm 0.750 kg 250 m/s 4,200 m n/a Bulgarian made

Users[edit]

Romanian soldiers with an AG-9 (licensed built SPG-9) in traveling position.
A Mongolian Mobile Training Team member reviews the SPG-9 recoilless gun with Afghan National Army soldiers prior to a live-fire weapons demonstration, September 2, at the Camp Scenic weapons range near the Darulaman Infantry School in Kabul, Afghanistan. The MTT specialize in SPG-9 recoilless rifle systems and train ANA soldiers at the infantry school.
Forces belonging to the Iranian Navy using SPG-9. Velayat 94 military exercise

Non-state actors[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8kYvGMUaVs
  2. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKfs_whXnis
  3. ^ a b c d e f g OPFOR Worldwide Equipment Guide, TRADOC DCSINT Threat Support Directorate, January 21, 1999
  4. ^ http://otvaga2004.ru/tanki/istoriya-sozdaniya/t-64-tank-ubijca-mirnogo-naseleniya/
  5. ^ 95% HME 5% wax
  6. ^ TNT/dinitronaphthalene
  7. ^ http://universal-dsg.com/product/rounds-og-9vg-with-he-fragmentation-grenade-og-9g-og-9g1/
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Military Balance 2017
  10. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GK6e_rw85So
  11. ^ HSBA Arms and Ammunition Tracing Desk. SPLA-N weapons and equipment, South Kordofan, December 2012. Small Arms Survey, 2013, p. 9.
  12. ^ Hennessey, Patrick. The Junior Officers' Reading Club. Penguin Publications, 2009, p. 272
  13. ^ Kemp, Colonel Richard and Hughes, Chris, Attack State RED, Penguin Books Ltd, London, 2010, pp. 325–334.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to SPG-9 at Wikimedia Commons