A Russian SPG-9M
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
Lebanese Civil War
Libyan Civil War
Northern Mali conflict
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Iraq Civil War (2014–present)
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
|Weight||47.5 kg (105 lb)|
59.5 kg (131 lb)
with the tripod
|Length||2.11 m (6 ft 11 in)|
|Width||99 cm (3 ft 3 in)|
allowing for full weapon traverse
|Height||80 cm (2 ft 7 in)|
|Crew||2 (1 gunner, 1 loader)|
|Caliber||73 mm (2.87 in) smoothbore|
|Rate of fire||5–6 rounds per minute|
|Muzzle velocity||250 to 435 m/s|
(800 to 1,427 ft/s)
|Effective firing range||800 m (875 yds)|
|Maximum firing range||1,200 m to 6,500 m|
(1,300 to 7,100 yd)
|Feed system||Manually breech-loaded|
|Sights||PGO-9 optical 4× sight or PGN-9 IR and passive night sight|
The SPG-9 Kopye (Spear) is a tripod-mounted man-portable, 73 millimetre calibre recoilless gun developed by the Soviet Union. It fires fin-stabilised, rocket-assisted HE and HEAT projectiles similar to those fired by the 73 mm 2A28 Grom low pressure gun of the BMP-1 armored vehicle. It was accepted into service in 1962, replacing the B-10 recoilless rifle.
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The projectile is launched from the gun by a small charge, which gives it an initial velocity of between 250 and 400 metres per second. The launch charge also imparts spin to the projectile by a series of offset holes. Once the projectile has traveled approximately 20 meters (65.6 feet) from the launcher, a rocket motor in its base ignites. For the PG-9 projectile, this takes it to a velocity of 700 metres per second (2,297 feet per second) before the motor burns out.
The SPG-9 is light, and is normally transported by vehicle, and carried into position by its two crew. It can be deployed in around a minute. The weapon is in service with a large number of armed forces, and a variety of ammunition is produced; however, they are mostly copies of the original Soviet PG-9 HEAT and OG-9 FRAG-HE rounds.
The SPG-9 is widely available to terrorists and maritime pirates such as in the Horn of Africa region, as well as in other regions to a lesser degree. It is not as popular as the RPG-7 because it has to be mounted on a vehicle or boat and cannot be easily carried and shoulder fired. The SPG-9 requires much more skill to fire accurately than the RPG-7. There have been reports of these mounted in skiffs and larger "mother ships". The SPG-9 can typically be found mounted on a wide variety of vehicles known as "technicals" in Somalia.
A variant for use with airborne troops including detachable wheels was built as the SPG-9D.
|HEAT-FS||4.39 kg||VP-9||920 mm||0.322 kg
|435 m/s||800 m||1,300 m||300 mm||—|
|PG-9N||HEAT-FS||VP-9||920 mm||0.340 kg
|435 m/s||800 m||1,300 m||400 mm||—|
|PG-9VS||HEAT-FS||4.4 kg||?||920 mm||?||1,300 m||?||400 mm||-|
|HEAT-FS||3.2 kg||?||920 mm||?||400 m/s||700 m||1,200 m||550 mm or
400 mm behind ERA
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||0.735 kg
|316 m/s||—||—||n/a||Cast iron casing|
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||0.655 kg
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||?||316 m/s||—||4,500 m||n/a||—|
|FRAG-HE||6.9 kg||O-4M||1030 mm||0.750 kg||316 m/s||—||7,500 m||n/a||Bulgarian made|
|FRAG-HE||5.48 kg||O-4M||1024 mm||0.750 kg||250 m/s||—||4,200 m||n/a||Bulgarian made|
- Bulgaria: SPG-9DNM
- People's Republic of China: manufactured locally
- Egypt: manufactured locally
- Grenada (People's Revolutionary Army of Grenada): 8 units
- Iran: SPG-9
- Moldova: SPG-9, AG-9 138+ units
- Pakistan: licensed copy
- Romania: AG-9
- Soviet Union (former user)
- South Sudan
- North Korea
- Kurdistan Workers' Party
- Lebanese Forces
- Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
- People's Liberation Army (Lebanon) (PLA)
- Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North,
- Islamic State
- Zgharta Liberation Army (ZLA)
- Free Syrian Army
- Lord Resistance Army
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- 95% HME 5% wax
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- Media related to SPG-9 at Wikimedia Commons