SQL Server Express
SQL Server 2016 SP1 Express / March 9, 2017
|Written in||C, C++|
|Operating system||Microsoft Windows|
|Platform||IA-32 or IA-64
> 512 MB RAM
.NET Framework 4.0
|Available in||English, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish|
|Type||Relational database management system|
Microsoft SQL Server Express is a version of Microsoft's SQL Server relational database management system that is free to download, distribute and use. It comprises a database specifically targeted for embedded and smaller-scale applications. The product traces its roots to the Microsoft Database Engine (MSDE) product, which was shipped with SQL Server 2000. The "Express" branding has been used since the release of SQL Server 2005.
SQL Server Express provides many of the features of the paid, full versions of Microsoft SQL Server database management system. However it has technical restrictions that make it unsuitable for some large-scale deployments. Differences in the Express product include:
- Maximum database size of 10 GB per database in SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2012, and 2008 R2 Express (4 GB for SQL Server 2008 Express and earlier; compared to 2 GB in the former MSDE). The limit applies per database (log files excluded); but in some scenarios users can access more data through the use of multiple interconnected databases.
- No SQL Server Agent service
- Artificial hardware usage limits:
- Single physical CPU, but multiple cores allowable
- 1 GB of RAM (runs on a system with higher RAM amount, but uses only at most 1 GB per instance of SQL Server Database Engine. "Recommended: Express Editions: 1 GB All other editions: At least 4 GB and should be increased as database size increases to ensure optimal performance."). Express with Advanced Services has a limit of 4 GB per instance of Reporting Services (not available on other Express variants). Analysis Services is not available for any Express variant.
Unlike the predecessor product, MSDE, the Express product does not include a concurrent workload-governor to "limit performance if the database engine receives more work than is typical of a small number of users."
SQL Server Express includes several GUI tools for database management. These include:
- SQL Server Management Studio - since 2012 SP1; before that, only a stripped-down version called SQL Server Management Studio Express is provided
- SQL Server Configuration Manager
- SQL Server Surface Area Configuration tool
- SQL Server Business Intelligence Development Studio
Features available in SQL Server "Standard" and better editions but absent from SQL Server Express include:
Microsoft makes SQL Server Express available as:
- An integrated edition with management tools
- Core database-engine only
- A SQL Server Express with Advanced Services edition (first introduced relatively late in Q2 2006 compared to the original release) with a reduced-functionality version of SQL Server Reporting Services and with full-text search capabilities
In the Free 2005 Express version, for example, a standard approach to installation options was provided, as follows. Generally, the SQL 2005 Express installers are packaged with the following consistent naming convention:
- Has installers for BOTH 32-bit and 64-bit processors, but is a basic install
- Has ONLY the installer for 32-bit processors (still the basic install)
- Has installers for BOTH 32-bit and 64-bit processors and SQL Server Management Studio Express (SSMSE) (2008 R2)
- Has the basics and SQL Server Management Studio Express (SSMSE) + Reporting and Full Text Queries
- Has the basics and SSMSE and Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS)
These optional variants have gone through several service packs (SP), and each SP installer can be used without using the older ones first:
||This article needs to be updated. (April 2012)|
- Originals of the above files all carry the version number 9.0.1399.6
- Service Pack 2 (SP2) versions all carry the version number 9.0.3042
- Service Pack 3 (SP3) versions all carry the version number 9.00.4035
- Service Pack 4 (SP4) versions all carry the version number 9.00.5000
|Version||Release date||Mainstream Support End Date||Extended Support End Date||Supported Microsoft OS|
|SQL Server 2005 Express Edition||2005-11-07||2011-04-12||2016-04-12||?|
|SQL Server 2008 Express||2009-02-08||2014-07-08||2019-07-09||Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Vista Service Pack 1, Windows XP Service Pack 2, Windows XP Service Pack 3|
|SQL Server 2008 R2 Express||2010-04-16||2014-07-08||2019-07-09||Windows 7, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP|
|SQL Server 2012 Express||2012-05-14||2017-07-11||2022-07-12||?|
|SQL Server 2014 Express||2014-04-01||2019-07-09||2024-07-09||Windows 7; Windows 7 SP 1; Windows 8; Windows 8.1; Windows Server 2008 R2; Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1; Windows Server 2012; Windows Server 2012 R2|
|SQL Server 2016 Express||2016-06-01||2021-07-13||2026-07-14||Windows 8; Windows 10; Windows Server 2012; Windows Server 2012 R2|
- SQL Server Compact
- Microsoft SQL Server
- Microsoft Servers
- List of relational database management systems
- Comparison of relational database management systems
- "Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2008 R2". Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- "Compare Edition Features".
- "SQL Server Express with Advanced Services Features". Microsoft. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- "How SQL Server 2005 Express Edition determines the CPU count and uses the CPUs during processing". MSDN. November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- "The SQL Server 2000 Workload Governor". MSDN. January 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
- "How do I Manage SQL Server".
- "Download Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition from Official Microsoft Download Center". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2005)". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Download Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Express from Official Microsoft Download Center". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2008)". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Download Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 - Express from Official Microsoft Download Center". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2008 R2)". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Download Microsoft® SQL Server® 2012 Express from Official Microsoft Download Center". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2012)". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Download Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Express". Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2014)". Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- "Download Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Express".
- "Microsoft Support Lifecycle (SQL Server 2016)".
- Download Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Express
- Download Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Express
- Microsoft SQL Server Previous Editions documentation
- Microsoft SQL Server Previous Editions downloads
- Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Express Edition - Overview – downloading is also possible from this page, but very complicated
- SQL Server 2012 Comparison of features by edition
- SQL Server Express WebLog