This gene encodes a serine/arginine protein kinase specific for the SR (serine/arginine-rich domain) family of splicing factors. The protein localizes to the nucleus and the cytoplasm. It is thought to play a role in regulation of both constitutive and alternative splicing by regulating intracellular localization of splicing factors. A second alternatively spliced transcript variant for this gene has been described, but its full length nature has not been determined.
SRPK1 enables angiogenesis, which is regulated by VEGF, which either initiates or inhibits vessel formation depending on alternative splicing. In human prostate cancer, levels of SRPK1 rose as a cancer becomes more aggressive. In a mouse model three doses per week of drugs designed to inhibit SRPK1 activity inhibited tumor vasculature and growth.
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