Florida State Road 9336

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State Road 9336 marker

State Road 9336
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length: 8.745 mi[1] (14.074 km)
Existed: ca. 1990 – present
Major junctions
West end: Everglades National Park
East end: US 1 in Florida City
Location
Counties: Miami-Dade
Highway system
SR 5054 US 1

State Road 9336 (SR 9336), also known in parts as the Ingraham Highway, Tower Road and West Palm Drive, is an 8.75-mile long (14.08 km) two- to four-lane road in Miami-Dade County, in the U.S. state of Florida. The route is the only signed four-digit state road in Florida. The route connects US 1, and the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike by proxy, in Florida City with the Everglades National Park, acting as the park's primary mode of entry. The road continues on from its western terminus at the national park's entrance as Main Park Road for another 39.3 miles (63.2 km), providing access to many of the park's facilities and the ghost town of Flamingo, in Monroe County, at its western end.

Route description[edit]

The Florida Department of Transportation states that SR 9336 begins at the entrance to the Everglades National Park.[1] Heading northeast from there, SR 9336 is known as the Ingraham Highway as it travels through rural south-western Miami-Dade County as a two-laned road. Just before crossing the Aerojet canal, SR 9336 turns east and continues through farmland, turning again to the northeast after approximately 1.7 miles (2.7 km). After crossing another canal, the Ingraham Highway turns east once more and becomes more urban, passing by a housing estate. At its eastern end, outside the Dade Correctional Institution and just over five miles (8.0 km) from its western terminus, SR 9336 reaches a four-way stop intersection and continues north out of it along Tower Road. Although SR 9336 travels through farmland for the next two miles (3.2 km), the surroundings become more urbanised as it approaches West Palm Drive where, at another four-way stop intersection, SR 9336 travels east along that road. Here, SR 9336 enters Florida City,[2] and enters suburbia after one block east along West Palm Drive, continuing eastwards past shops, churches and schools. Through Florida City, it acts as the city's grid plan's latitudinal baseline. At 6th Avenue, West Palm Drive becomes a divided four-laned road, and remains as such for the rest of its journey. One-half mile (800 m) later, after passing the Florida City City Hall, the southern terminus of the South Miami-Dade Busway and more shops, SR 9336 intersects with Krome Avenue (SR 997). One block east of SR 997, and now designated as East Palm Drive, SR 9336 terminates at US 1.[1][3]

West of SR 9336's western terminus, Main Park Road extends for another 39.3 miles (63.2 km) to Flamingo,[4] through various ecosystem areas of the Everglades National Park.[5] East of SR 9336's terminus, East Palm Drive (also known as Southwest 344th Street) extends along the former SR 906 towards the Homestead-Miami Speedway, Biscayne National Park and the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station.[6]

History[edit]

The Old Ingraham Highway was little more than a flood-ridden boggy trail through the Everglades.

Excluding the easternmost two blocks, SR 9336 was (with SR 997) part of the former SR 27, which connected Flamingo in the Everglades to US 27. The easternmost two blocks consisted of the former SR 906, which continued to Biscayne National Park. The designation was changed in the early 1980s because of confusion between the state road and the U.S. Highway.

Main Park Road, formerly the Ingraham Highway in its entirety, began construction in 1915 to connect Florida City to Flamingo, then a town on the shores of Florida Bay, primarily by using the spoil from dredging the Homestead Canal beside the road. The road had reached as far as Paradise Key, now the Royal Palm area of the Everglades National Park,[7] when it was dedicated with the Royal Palm State Park on November 23, 1916 as the Ingraham Highway, and named for James E. Ingraham, the president of the Model Land Company and vice-president of the associated Florida East Coast Railway.[8] Construction of the road continued west of Paradise Key, and was hampered by difficulties such as subaqueous caverns and the onset of the First World War, with only about five miles (8.0 km) built by December, 1917.[9][10] After the designation of the Everglades National Park in 1947,[11] the SR 27 designation was removed and a detour was created north onto higher ground, as the road was prone to flooding during periods of high water, with portions of the old road repurposed as park trails or removed.[10] The creation (and refilling) of the canal, as well as digging and blocking culverts under the road have affected flows of fresh and salt water within this part of the Everglades National Park.[9]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Miami-Dade County. [12]

Location[12] mi[1] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 Everglades National Park Western terminus; road continues west to Flamingo
Florida City 8.598 13.837 SR 997 (Southwest 177th Avenue / Krome Avenue)
8.745 14.074 US 1 (South Dixie Highway / SR 5) to Florida's Turnpike Extension north Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d District 6 (September 12, 2014). "Straight Line Diagram of Road Inventory 87160000" (PDF). Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ P.L. 94-171 County Block Map (2010 Census): Miami-Dade County, FL (PDF) (Map). Cartography by U.S. Census Bureau Geography Division. U.S. Census Bureau Economics and Statistics Administration. January 7, 2011. Sheet 133. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ Google (March 24, 2013). "Map of State Road 9336" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  4. ^ Google (March 24, 2013). "Map of Main Park Road, Everglades National Park" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ Everglades Park Map - Mapping Park Ecosystems (PDF) (Map). U.S. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ Google (March 24, 2013). "Map of Palm Drive, Miami-Dade County, Florida" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Places - Everglades National Park". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Royal Palm State Park - Everglades National Park". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Stewart, M.A.; Bhatt, T.N.; Fennema, R.J.; Fitterman, D.V. (2002). "The Road to Flamingo: an Evaluation of Flow Pattern Alterations and Salinity Intrusion in the Lower Glades, Everglades National Park". U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Historic Roads - Everglades National Park". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "History & Culture - Everglades National Park". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  12. ^ P.L. 94-171 County Block Map (2010 Census): Miami-Dade County, FL (PDF) (Map). Cartography by Geography Division. U.S. Census Bureau. January 7, 2011. Index Sheet. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
  • SR 9336 in Florida at SouthEastRoads