SS-Oberabschnitt Böhmen-Mähren was the Allgemeine-SS division command which encompassed the territory of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now the Czech Republic). The members of SS units were German Allgemeine-SS members appointed in Bohemia Moravia and Germans born in CSR. The main purpose was propaganda duties and recruiting for Waffen-SS. The Oberabschnitt had been formed strictly as a General-SS counterpart to the much more powerful position of Higher SS and Police Leader of Moravia and both positions were intended to be held by the same person.
The Böhmen-Mähren Oberabschnitt was set up in April 1944 from the SS-Abschnitt XXXIX (Prag then Brunn) added by the sudetenland SS-Abschnitt XXXVII (Reichenberg) and SS-Abschnitt XXXVIII (Karlsbad). The Oberabschnitt headquarters was established in the city of Prague. The Oberabschnitt's sole commander was Karl Hermann Frank who was already holding several high positions in the Nazi government of Czechoslovakia. In the last months of World War II, from February to May 1945, Frank delegated command of the Oberabschnitt to his deputy SS-Oberführer Emanuel Sladek. Oberabschnitt Böhmen-Mähren was formally disbanded when Nazi Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945.