Sturmbannführer

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Sturmbannführer
SS-Sturmbannfuehrer collar.svg
SS Gorget patches
Heer-Major h.svg SS-Sturmbannführer-camo.svg
SS Shoulder and camo insignia
Country Nazi Germany
Service branch Schutzstaffel
Sturmabteilung
National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
AbbreviationStubaf
NATO rankOF-3
Formation1921
Abolished1945
Next higher rankObersturmbannführer
Next lower rankHauptsturmführer
Equivalent ranksMajor (OF-3)[1]

Sturmbannführer ([ˈʃtʊʁm.ban.fyːʀɐ], "assault unit leader") was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank equivalent to major[2] that was used in several Nazi organizations, such as the SA, SS, and the NSFK. Translated as "assault (or storm) unit leader"[3] (Sturmbann being the SA and early SS equivalent to a battalion), the rank originated from German shock troop units of the First World War.

Max Hansen, Sturmbannführer of the Waffen-SS

The SA title of Sturmbannführer was first established in 1921. In 1928, the title became an actual rank and was also one of the first established SS ranks.[4] The insignia of a Sturmbannführer was four silver pips centered on a collar patch.[2] The rank rated below Standartenführer until 1932, when Sturmbannführer became subordinate to the new rank of Obersturmbannführer.[4] In the Waffen-SS, Sturmbannführer was considered equivalent to a major in the German Wehrmacht.[5]

The rank was held by Wernher von Braun, who developed the V-2 rocket, and later designed the Saturn V rocket for the U.S. space program. Other rank holders included Eberhard Heder, Otto Günsche,[6] and war criminals, such as Otto Förschner, who was the commandant of Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp.

Insignia[edit]

Junior rank
Hauptsturmführer
SS rank
Sturmbannführer
Senior rank
Obersturmbannführer
Junior rank
Sturmhauptführer
SA rank
Sturmbannführer
Senior rank
Obersturmbannführer

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Die im Bereich der NATO gebräuchliche Abkürzung "OF" steht für "English: officer / French: officier / German: Offizier / Russian: офицер".
  2. ^ a b Flaherty 2004, p. 148.
  3. ^ McNab 2009b, p. 15.
  4. ^ a b McNab 2009, pp. 29, 30.
  5. ^ Stein 1984, p. 297.
  6. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 281.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Joachimsthaler, Anton (1999) [1995]. The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends, the Evidence, the Truth. Trans. Helmut Bögler. London: Brockhampton Press. ISBN 978-1-86019-902-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • McNab, Chris (2009b). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Stein, George (1984) [1966]. The Waffen-SS: Hitler's Elite Guard at War 1939–1945. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9275-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)