SSHFP record

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A Secure Shell fingerprint record (abbreviated as SSHFP record) is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) which identifies SSH keys that are associated with a host name. The acquisition of an SSHFP record needs to be secured with a mechanism such as DNSSEC for a chain of trust to be established.

Structure[edit]

⟨Name⟩ [⟨TTL⟩] [⟨Class⟩] SSHFP ⟨Algorithm⟩ ⟨Type⟩ ⟨Fingerprint
⟨Name⟩
The name of the object to which the resource record belongs (optional)
⟨TTL⟩
Time to live (in seconds). Validity of Resource Records (optional)
⟨Class⟩
Protocol group to which the resource record belongs (optional)
⟨Algorithm⟩
Algorithm (0: reserved; 1: RSA;[1] 2: DSA,[1] 3: ECDSA;[2] 4: Ed25519[3] 6:Ed448;[4])
⟨Type⟩
Algorithm used to hash the public key (0: reserved; 1: SHA-1;[1] 2: SHA-256[2])
⟨Fingerprint⟩
Hexadecimal representation of the hash result, as text

Example[edit]

host.example.com.  SSHFP 2 1 123456789abcdef67890123456789abcdef67890

In this example, the host with the domain name host.example.com uses a DSA key with the SHA-1 fingerprint 123456789abcdef67890123456789abcdef67890.

With the OpenSSH suite, the ssh-keyscan utility can be used to determine the fingerprint of a host's key; using the -D will print out the SSHFP record directly.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "RFC 4255 — Using DNS to Securely Publish Secure Shell (SSH) Key Fingerprints". January 2006. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  2. ^ a b "RFC 6594 — Use of the SHA-256 Algorithm with RSA, Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA), and Elliptic Curve DSA (ECDSA) in SSHFP Resource Records". April 2012. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  3. ^ "RFC 7479 — Using Ed25519 in SSHFP Resource Records". March 2015. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  4. ^ "RFC 8709 — Ed25519 and Ed448 Public Key Algorithms for the Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol". February 2020. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
  5. ^ "ssh-keyscan(1)". OpenBSD manual pages.