SS 's Jacob (1907)
KPM steamer 's Jacob in the harbour of Makassar, C 1907-1914
|Name:||SS 's Jacob|
|Namesake:||Frederik Bernard 's Jacob|
|Builder:||Maatschappij Fijenoord, Rotterdam|
|Fate:||Sunk, 8 March 1943|
|Length:||325 ft 5 in (99.2 m)|
|Beam:||44 ft 1 in (13.4 m)|
|Draft:||22 ft 8 in (6.9 m)|
|Installed power:||233 Nominal horsepower (nhp)|
|Propulsion:||steam T.3Cy. 22", 36.5" & 60-42"|
|Armament:||1 × 4 in (100 mm) gun|
SS 's Jacob[Note 2] Dutch freighter built by Maatschappij Fijenoord, Rotterdam, Netherlands, in 1907, of 2,839 GRT and operated by Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij (KPM) in the Dutch East Indies trade. The ship, after seeking refuge in Australia during the Japanese invasion of the islands, became part of the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) command's permanent local fleet. 's Jacob was sunk off Papua New Guinea on 8 March 1943 during World War II by Japanese air attack.
World War II service
The ship was engaged in logistics support for Allied forces in the efforts to hold the Malay Barrier by the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA). During the final days before Java fell, she was in convoy MS.4 of four tankers and another cargo ship departing Sydney 31 January bound for the ABDA area taking a route south of Australia and up the west coast. On 15 February, the day Singapore fell and as HMAS Perth took over the escort, ports in Sumatra were falling and the tankers and other cargo vessel were ordered to return to Fremantle. 's Jacob and Perth continued to be later joined by the Dutch ships Swartenhondt and Karsik until, on the evening of 21 February and some 600 miles south of the Sunda Strait, they too were ordered to return to Fremantle.
's Jacob was one of the 21 KPM ships that sought refuge in Australia on the fall of Java that the Commanding General, United States Army Forces in Australia (USAFIA) was instructed to purchase or charter for the SWPA's permanent local fleet. On 26 March 1942, the Chief Quartermaster, USAFIA arranged interim charters pending final negotiations with the Netherlands Government in London. Final negotiations between the War Shipping Administration (WSA) and the Dutch government resulted in their being placed under U.S. Army control through a complex charter arrangement in which the British Ministry War Transport (BMWT) chartered the KPM vessels and with WSA allocated them to SWPA with the stipulation they be under total control of the U.S. Army. They typically were crewed by KPM's Dutch officers and Javanese crew. As part of the war effort, 's Jacob was upgraded and a 4-inch naval gun was mounted aft.
The ship was involved in the early days of reinforcements for Port Moresby and Milne Bay in New Guinea. In early September 1942, 's Jacob and MV Anshun left Townsville for Milne Bay in a convoy designated Q2 escorted by HMAS Swan and later HMAS Arunta. On 5 September, the convoy was holding south of China Strait as Japanese naval forces were expected in Milne Bay that night. Arunta escorted Anshun into the port the next day with Swan and 's Jacob awaiting orders south of the strait where they were joined in the night by Arunta. Meanwhile, Anshun was discharging cargo by lights when the port was attacked by Japanese surface forces and she was shelled and capsized by the light cruiser Tenryū. 's Jacob entering Milne Bay was considered an unnecessary risk, and the escorts were ordered to Port Moresby until the situation stabilized.
's Jacob, escorted by the Australian corvette HMAS Bendigo as part of Operation Lilliput, was transporting troops, weapons, and supplies from Milne Bay to Oro Bay. On 8 March 1943, as 's Jacob rounded Cape Nelson, nine high-flying Imperial Japanese bombers escorted by 12 fighters attacked her near Porlock Bay. The aircraft scored three direct hits and at least 15 near misses, which caused serious structural damage and wounded several crewmen. A large fire started on the foreship, and with the water pumps shutting down preventing any effort to extinguish the fire, the order was given to abandon ship. All those aboard had to jump overboard and clung to wreckage. 158 men were picked up by Bendigo, two of which died on the way to Milne Bay. Within 18 minutes of the attack, 's Jacob slid under the waves at 13:16 off Porlock Harbour.
Five men were lost in the sinking, including Private George Watson, who remained in the water and instead of trying to save himself, assisted soldiers who could not swim into life rafts. George Watson was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
In 1986, the wreck of 's Jacob was found by divers 9 nautical miles (17 km; 10 mi) off Porlock Harbor in 160 feet (49 m) of water. The ship's bell was recovered and later donated to the Lae Yacht Club.
- Tonnage change in Lloyd's Register 1935-36.
- The ship's (and namesake's) name is now commonly seen as s' Jacob in modern web references and some printed material; however, both Australian and U.S. official histories and Lloyd's Register clearly show 's Jacob (Lloyd's uses 'sJacob without spacing). This is apparently an old Dutch usage in proper names, perhaps for "das" (of) contracted into simply 's.
- Lloyd's Register 1930-31.
- Masterson 1949, pp. 322.
- Gill 1968, p. 269.
- Lloyd's Register 1943-44.
- Gill 1957, p. 580.
- Masterson 1949, pp. 321-346.
- Gill 1968, pp. 171—173.
- "Cargo for the Jungle". netherlandsnavy.nl. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Private George Watson". Pacific Wrecks Incorporated. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "SS s'Jacob". Pacific Wrecks Incorporated. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Gill, G. Hermon (1957). Royal Australian Navy 1939-1942. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 2 – Navy. 1. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.
- Gill, G. Hermon (1968). "Chapter 9 – The Supply Lines Battle" (PDF). Royal Australian Navy 1939-1942. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 2 – Navy. 2. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.
- "Karsik and Tramsik: Operation Lilliput". Allies in adversity, Australia and the Dutch in the Pacific War. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Lloyds (1930–31). "Lloyd's Register" (PDF). Lloyd's Register (through PlimsollShipData). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Lloyds (1943–44). "Lloyd's Register" (PDF). Lloyd's Register (through PlimsollShipData). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Masterson, Dr. James R. (1949). U. S. Army Transportation In The Southwest Pacific Area 1941-1947 (PDF). Washington: Transportation Unit, Historical Division, Special Staff, U. S. Army. Retrieved 26 April 2013.