SS Aquarama

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SsAquarama.jpg
The Aquarama docked in Cleveland, 1956.
History
Name
  • Marine Star (1945—1955)
  • Aquarama (1955—1994)
  • Marine Star (1994—2007)
BuilderSun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, Pa.
Yard number
  • 357
  • USMC #752
Laid down18 October 1944
Launched30 April 1945
CompletedDelivery: 28 July 1945
Identification
  • Marine Star:
  • US Official Number: 248329
  • Signal AODM
  • Auuarama:
  • Signal and radio call sign: WG9376
  • IMO number5021114 (later)
FateScrapped
General characteristics Marine Star as built
TypeC4-S-B5 breakbulk cargo
Tonnage10,780 GRT, 7,533 NRT
Length495 ft (150.9 m) registry
Beam71.7 ft (21.9 m)
Depth20.9 ft (6.4 m)
Installed power9.000 ihp
PropulsionSteam turbine, single screw
Crew66
General characteristics Aquarama
TypePassenger Ship
Tonnage12,773 GRT, 10,894 NRT[2]
Displacement10,600 tons
Length
Beam71.7 ft (21.9 m)[2]
Depth20.9 ft (6.4 m)[2]
Decks9
Installed power9,000 horsepower[2]
PropulsionSteam turbine, single screw
Speed22 kn (25 mph; 41 km/h)[1]
Capacity2,500 passengers
Crew189

SS Aquarama was built as Marine Star, one of five breakbulk cargo ships of the United States Maritime Commission (USMC) type C4-S-B5 having that C4 design variant. The ship was delivered to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) for operation in July 1945 just before the end of World War II and was operated until August 1946 by WSA's agent American Hawaiian SS Company. From September 1947 the ship was laid up except for brief periods in the James River.

In 1952 the ship was converted into the largest passenger ship ever to operate in the Great Lakes.[3]

Ship History[edit]

Marine Star[edit]

Marine Star was built by Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, Pennsylvania as one of five United States Maritime Commission (USMC) type C4-S-B5 breakbulk cargo ships, yard hull number 357, USMC hull number 752. The ship's keel was laid 18 October 1944, launched on 30 April 1945 and delivery to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) on 28 July 1945.[4][5][1]

The ship was registered as a freighter with U.S. Official Number 248329, signal AODM, at 10,780 GRT, 7,533 NRT, registered length of 495 ft (150.9 m), 71.7 ft (21.9 m) beam, 20.9 ft (6.4 m) depth, crew of 66 with owner being the War Shipping Administration and home port of Philadelphia.[6]

The American Hawaiian Steamship Company operated Marine Star for WSA under a General Agency Agreement for the remainder of the war and until 9 August 1946. The ship was then operated for short periods by other agents under various agreements including bareboat charter until the ship was placed in the James River Reserve Fleet on 15 September 1947. Except for a charter by Seas Shipping Company 12 May 1948 to 14 June 1949 the ship remained inactive until sold 29 June 1951 to Wisconsin & Michigan Steamship Company. Though sold, the ship remained in the James fleet until removed by the buyer in December 1952.[5]

Aquarama[edit]

Wisconsin & Michigan Steamship Co., a subsidiary of Sand Products Company of Detroit,[7][8] had Marine Star taken to Todd Shipyards at Brooklyn, New York, where her old superstructure was cut down. In September 1953, the ship was towed to Muskegon, Michigan where it was converted into a commercial passenger ship by Steel Fabricating of Muskegon. The entire process took approximately two years to complete and cost nearly $8 million.[3] The president of the Sand Products Corporation at the time, Max McKee, wanted the Aquarama to be an ocean liner for the Great Lakes. In 1955, ownership of the vessel was transferred to Michigan-Ohio Navigation Company, another subsidiary of Sand Products Corporation.

Registry information for 1957 shows Aquarama with no change in official number but the new signal and radio call sign WG9379 with 12,773 GRT, 10,894 NRT and other parameters unchanged and owned by Sand Products Corporation (Michigan) with port of registry Wilmington, Delaware.[2] Other modifications were a 21.5 ft (6.6 m), 10 ton bronze propeller.[1]

Aquarama began operation in 1956 by touring various Great Lakes ports. In 1957 the Michigan-Ohio Navigation Company, began service from Detroit to Cleveland, carrying automobiles and passengers. Once in service, the ship was able to transport its passengers and their automobiles from Detroit to Cleveland in under six hours.

Although the ship was immensely popular, it never generated enough revenue to be self-supporting; On September 4, 1962 the ship made its last trip, laying up at the Mart Dock in Muskegon, Michigan.[citation needed] Operating the ship from Muskegon, Michigan to Milwaukee as a replacement for the older Milwaukee Clipper was proposed, but $700,000 for dredging so the Aquarama could be accommodated in Milwaukee harbor was needed. As a result, the ship sat idle until 1987 when it was sold to the North Shore Farming Company for around $3 million.

The SS Aquarama docked in Buffalo, New York (March 2007)

Aquarama was briefly docked at Sarnia, then Windsor before returning to its original name of Marine Star in 1995 and moving under tow to Buffalo. On August 3, 1995 the Marine Star was berthed at the Cargill Pool Elevator where it stayed until it was towed overseas to Aliağa, Turkey for scrap in September 2007.

Capacity and Safety[edit]

As a cruise liner, Aquarama was able to carry 2,500 passengers and 160 automobiles. Some of the ship's safety features included its all-steel construction, the smoke detection system, four 135-passenger lifeboats, the latest in radar, and closed circuit television for viewing the stern.

Entertainment[edit]

On the ship there were numerous sources of entertainment for the passengers. Among many other things there was a "carnival room" that had a gift shop, games, and a photo booth. Two television theaters were available to be used for conferences or special programs. Along with the theaters, the ship contained two dance floors that were accompanied by a stage for an orchestra, or other performances. For those traveling with their families, there were even baby-sitting services available. People had the choice of four different types of restaurants that varied in style and price. Along with the restaurants, there was a main cafeteria that was able to fit nearly 300 people.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Krueger-Kopiske (2007). "Outboard Profiles of Maritime Commission Vessels — The C4 and his Sub Designs and Conversions". Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Merchant Vessels of the United States 1957. Washington, D.C.: United States Treasury Department, Bureau of Customs. 1957. p. 37. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b The Aquarama, The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. 11 Mar. 1998. Web. 4 December 2008.
  4. ^ Colton, Tim (March 28, 2014). "Sun Shipbuilding". ShipbuildingHistory. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b Maritime Administration. "Marine Star". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  6. ^ Merchant Vessels of the United States 1946. Washington, D.C.: United States Treasury Department, Bureau of Customs. 1946. p. 300. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  7. ^ Aquarama-Marine Star, Welcome to Forgotten Buffalo. 2008. Web. 3 December 2008.
  8. ^ The Marine Star - AKA The Aquarama Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine, Western New York Heritage Press. 2005. Web. 3 December 2008.

External links[edit]