The icebreaking steamer Baikal in action on Lake Baikal.
|Owner:||Part of the Trans-Siberian Railroad|
|Ordered:||11 January [O.S. 30 December] 1896|
|Builder:||Armstrong Whitworth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England|
|Laid down:||Spring 1896|
|Launched:||29 Jun 1899|
|Completed:||29 June [O.S. 17 June] 1899|
|Fate:||Damaged by artillery fire in 1918 and scuttled, later dismantled|
|Class and type:||Train ferry/icebreaker|
|Displacement:||4,200 long tons (4,267 t)|
|Length:||88.4 m (290 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||17.4 m (57 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||5.8 m (19 ft 0 in)|
|Installed power:||3 × reciprocating steam engines, 3,750 hp (2,796 kW)|
|Propulsion:||Two aft wing propellers and one bow propeller|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
In early 1895 the construction of a ferry across the Lake Baikal began, following the proposal of the Minister of Transport Mikhail Khilkov. On 30 December 1895 a contract with Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was signed for the parts of the icebreaking ferry (without woodwork and in disassembled state). By June 1896 the icebreaker had been delivered for assembly to the village of Listvenichnoye. After three years it was completed and launched on 29 June [O.S. 17 June] 1899.
Before the Circum-Baikal Railway was opened in 1905, Baikal, and later the Angara, carried two loads a day between piers at Baikal and Mysovaya. After the railway was completed, both ships continued to operate in reserve.
When the Civil War broke out Baikal was equipped with machine guns and cannons by the Red Army. When Irkutsk surrendered to the White Army, Baikal sailed to the Mysovaya pier, the location of the Red Army headquarters.
In August 1918 the icebreaker was damaged by field artillery fire. It was burnt at the Mysovaya pier.
In 1920 the damaged hull was refloated and towed to Port Baikal. It remained untouched until at least 1926, and was later dismantled. There is a possibility that its lower hull, bow propeller, and part of the engines are still at the bottom of the lake at the mouth of the Angara River.
- "SS Baikal (1896)". www.tynebuiltships.co.uk. Retrieved 29 Apr 2017.
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